What do you do when you see pie charts, bar graphs, histograms, or any other representation of statistical data? The truth is most of us ignore it. Because let’s face it, whether you like it or not, statistics are plain boring. But this is a lucky day for non-lovers of statistics. In this article, we have revealed some awe-inspiring data that you might have a hard time believing. Nonetheless, they are all verified and accurate. Keep reading to know about the 10 statistics that sound exaggerated but are 100% true.

1. When humans lose weight, 80% of the fat is exhaled through the lungs.

Image credit: Pixabay

The human body stores fat in cells called “adipocytes” in the form of a compound called “triglyceride.” Triglyceride consists of three kinds of atoms: hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon. During oxidation, the chemical bond between the atoms in the triglyceride molecule breaks. One-fifth of the atoms form water (H2O), and four-fifth forms carbon dioxide (CO2). Scientists at the University of New South Wales in Australia traced the pathway of every atom. They found that when 10 kg of fat is oxidized, 8.4 kg of fat leaves the body via lungs in the form of carbon dioxide.

It is a common belief that fat simply burns off as energy. But this study shows that the lungs are the primary excretory organ for fat. Each day an average person loses at least 200 g of carbon. A third of it is lost during our sleep. Along with proper sleep, if a person performs one hour of moderate-intensity exercise, it removes an additional 40 g of carbon from the body. Thus, one hour of exercise raises the total fat loss of our body by about 20%. (12)

2. Expensive weddings are directly linked to higher divorce rates.

Image credit: Pixabay

Weddings can be expensive especially if you are planning a lavish, dream wedding. The wedding economy is steadily rising, and in most countries, weddings are a billion-dollar business. While diamond companies, bridal magazines, and even social media are imposing the idea that weddings need to be spectacular and expensive, a survey shows that the opposite might be true. The survey was conducted by two economics professor, Andrew Francis-Tan and Hugo M Mialon. They surveyed the wedding of 3,000 people living in the United States and found that the more a couple spend on their wedding, the more likely they are to get divorced.

The study reveals that weddings which cost less than $1,000 decreases the likelihood of ending in divorce when compared with those which cost over $20,000. Even though spending money on a lavish wedding might not be a good idea, spending money on the honeymoon can be worthwhile. According to the study, money spent on honeymoons such as taking a relaxing, post-wedding trip lowers the chances of divorce in the future. (12)

3. Half of the world’s population lives on 1% of its land.

Image Source: Max Galka via metrocosm.com

Right now, 7.3 billion people are living on planet Earth. With 196.9 million square miles of Earth’s surface covered by land, one would expect the population to be evenly spread out throughout the landmass. When New York-based data cruncher Max Galka decided to check this out, he discovered a startling fact. Galka used the grided population data published by NASA. The grided population data represents the world population in the form of tiny, square-shaped cells without regard for administrative borders.

The grid used by Galka was comprised of 28 million cells, each measuring roughly three miles by three miles. The areas which had a population density of about 900 people for every square mile were colored in yellow, and the rest were in black. When Galka completed his black and yellow map, he noticed that the yellow portion was spread over only 1% of Earth’s land surface. This indicates that half of the total world population lives on only 1% of the land. Most of the yellow region is located in Asia, especially in India, Bangladesh, and China.

On the map, one can locate the most populated island in the world, the island of Java in Indonesia, through its bright yellow color. The island of Java is about the same size as New York State, but with a population of 10 million. The single most populated cell in the world is located in Cairo. Describing it in his blog, Galka says, “The area, which measures only nine square miles (14.4 square km) is home to over a million people.” (12)

4. Only one in 200 women are colorblind, but one in 12 men suffer from it.

Common types of colorblindness with their respective color spectrum. Image Source: wikimedia.org

Color is an integral part of our life. Since our childhood, we start associating colors with objects such as apples are red and the sky is blue. But surprisingly, not everyone can see all the colors. Every one in 12 men are affected by color blindness, and every one in 200 women suffers the same problem. While some color blindnesses are genetic, others can be caused due to diseases such as multiple sclerosis and diabetes. Also, some people acquire this condition due to medication or ageing.

The most common form of color blindness is red/green color blindness. Despite its name, the sufferer does not mix up the red and green colors. Rather, they mix up all colors which have some red or green as part of the whole color. For example, a person suffering from red/green color blindness cannot distinguish between blue and purple. It’s because they fail to detect the red element of purple color. (12)

5. More than 80% of the ocean is unexplored.

Image credit: Pixabay

The ocean covers 70% of the Earth’s surface and affects its elements such as weather and temperature. All living creatures on the Earth including humans rely heavily on oceans, both directly and indirectly. Today, the human race has achieved many scientific developments helping them to explore every nook and cranny of the world. Yet, about 80% of the ocean remains unexplored and unobserved.

To this date, researchers have generated maps of about 10% of the seafloor using sonar and other underwater exploration equipment. With the rapid development in technologies, we now have seafaring robots, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) at our disposition. They can be controlled remotely using computer programs so are capable of collecting visual images and actual samples from the ocean. But, it will be quite a while before mankind can completely explore the deepest and darkest corners of oceans. (12)

6. Bitcoin mining consumes more electricity than 159 countries including Ireland and most countries In Africa.

Image Source: bitcoin.it/wiki

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency created in 2009 by an unidentified person who goes by the alias “Satoshi Nakamoto.” This decentralized digital currency is underpinned by blockchain, a public distributed ledger which records transactions. The participants in the Bitcoin network sign off on transactions in a block. It involves computers completing complex cryptographic problems, and people who verify blocks are rewarded with freshly created Bitcoins. This process is known as “Bitcoin mining.”

Since mining requires computers to complete the tasks and earn Bitcoins, Bitcoin miners are turning to more and more powerful computers. These computers, in turn, consume a great amount of electricity. At present, Bitcoin transactions use so much energy that a single trade could power a home for almost a month.

Research conducted by energy tariff comparison service PowerCompare.co.uk has revealed that the energy spent on mining Bitcoins globally has exceeded the amount used by 159 countries. Using statistics from Bitcoin and cryptocurrency data provider Digiconomist, PowerCompare.co.ukestimates that 29.05 TWh of electricity was used to mine Bitcoin in the year 2017. In comparison, Ireland uses only 25 TWh of electricity every year. (1,2)

7. The population of kangaroos in Australia is twice as much as the human population of Australia itself.

Image credit: Pixabay

Kangaroos are the most iconic symbol of Australia’s biodiversity. Australians are mighty proud of their national animal, and its image adorns the country’s coats of arms, currency, naval vessels, commercial airlines, athletic uniforms, and Olympic insignia. But over the past few years, the kangaroos are proving to be more of a pest in this country. In 2010, there were 27 million kangaroos in Australia. Within the past six years, the number almost doubled. According to government figures, in 2016 there were almost 45 million kangaroos which were double the human population of Australia in that year.

In 2017, the number rose to almost 50 million. As a result, the Australian government is encouraging people to consume more kangaroo meat. The population boost of kangaroos is due to the lack of their traditional predators such as dingoes and Aboriginal hunters. The constantly rising population of the ” ‘roos” is posing considerable problems. They damage crops and compete with livestock for scarce resources. They have also caused almost 20,000-plus vehicle-animal collisions in Australia each year. (source)

8. Only 2/3 of American millennials believe the Earth is round.

Image Source: naturalizzazioneditalia.altervista.org

In 2018, YouGov, a public opinion and data company, conducted a survey of 8,215 US adults aged 18 to 24 years. The survey was conducted to get a representative idea of the American millennials’ view on the shape of Earth. Through the survey, it was found out that only 66% of them believed that the world is round. The rest of them weren’t convinced that the Earth is round. According to this survey, 4% of American millennials firmly believe the Earth is flat.

The YouGov survey also revealed that 2% of American adults (age >45) firmly believe that the Earth is flat. It is interesting that religious belief is an important factor in this case. About 52% of people who think the world flat considers themselves very religious. The survey also found that those with an income of less than $40,000 are less likely to believe the Earth is round than those with an income of over $80,000. (source)

9. Three-quarters of the cars that Rolls Royce has ever produced are still on the road.

Image credit: Pixabay

Founded in 1906 by Charles Stewart Rolls and Fredrick Henry Royce, Rolls-Royce, Ltd was a car and airplane engine manufacturing company. In that same year, it introduced its first car, the Silver Ghost. It ran non-stop for a record-breaking 24,000 kilometers which earned it the reputation as the best car in the world. Since then, the Rolls Royce became well known for its expensive luxury cars and awesome performance. One of the highlights of this company is that three-quarters of the Rolls-Royce cars ever produced are still in sound condition and on the road. (source)

10. If we could capture just 0.1% of the ocean’s kinetic energy caused by tides, we could satisfy the current global energy demand five times over.

Image credit: Pixabay

As the sources of non-renewable energies are exhausting at a rapid rate, scientists are looking eagerly for renewable energies. Currently, one of the best options is harnessing tidal energy as it is practically inexhaustible. Tidal energy is not a new concept. Our ancestors knew about it and the earliest evidence shows that they used to harness it on a small scale and then ground grain using it. Today, with the advancements in technology, we can use it as a viable energy source. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), by 2050, we will successfully use ocean energy to produce 337 GW of power. Being a clean source of energy, it will reduce CO2 emissions by up to 1 billion tons.

When the tide occurs, the oceans become a great source of kinetic energy. According to UK Marine Foresight Panel, if we can capture only 0.1% of this energy, it could satisfy the energy demand of the whole world five times over. Since tides are cyclic and we can easily predict their occurrences, the power generation from a tidal power plant will be predictable. The lack of fluctuation will help to bring down the maintenance costs of power plant equipment. Currently, there is an ongoing project in Swansea Bay, the UK, where a power-generation tidal lagoon is being built. (source)

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