The wartime Prime Minister of Japan, finds him slumped semiconcious after he tried to commit suicide by shooting himself through the heart, Tokyo, September 11, 1945 . He was saved by US army doctors and later tried and convicted for war crimes and hanged In December 1948.

After Japan’s unconditional surrender in 1945, U.S. general Douglas MacArthur issued orders for the arrest of the first forty alleged war criminals, including Tōjō. Soon, Tōjō’s home in Setagaya was besieged with newsmen and photographers. Three American GIs (Corporal Paul Korol, Private First Class John Potkul, and Private First Class James Safford) and two Office of Strategic Services (O.S.S.) Officers (one of whom was John J. Wilpers, Jr.) were sent to serve the arrest warrant on Tojo.

Two American war correspondents, Hugh Bailey and Russell Braun, had previously interviewed Tojo and were also present when the attempt was made to serve the arrest warrant. Inside, a doctor named Suzuki had marked Tōjō’s chest with charcoal to indicate the location of his heart. When American military police surrounded the house on September 8, 1945, they heard a muffled shot from inside. Major Paul Kraus and a group of military police burst in, followed by George Jones, a reporter for The New York Times. Tōjō had shot himself in the chest with a pistol, but despite shooting directly through the mark, the bullets missed his heart and penetrated his stomach. Now disarmed and with blood gushing out of his chest, Tōjō began to talk, and two Japanese reporters recorded his murmured words: “I am very sorry it is taking me so long to die. The Greater East Asia War was justified and righteous. I am very sorry for the nation and all the races of the Greater Asiatic powers. I wait for the righteous judgment of history. I wished to commit suicide but sometimes that fails.”


20,000 Americans attend a Nazi rally in Madison Square Garden, February 20, 1939

A Night At The Garden


German army dentist, circa 1917


Easter Sunday service. USS Duane. 1944


Italian Monk Wearing a Funeral Mask, 1892


Lunch time, Ireland in 1915


Dorothy Counts the first black student at Harry Harding High School, Charlotte, North Carolina, walking to school, 4th September 1957


On February 8th, 1943, Nazis hung 17 year old Yugoslav Radić. When they asked her the names of her companions, she replied: “You will know them when they come to avenge me.”


A man armed with a machine gun sits at the Cook County Jail during the 1919 Chicago race riots which were in reality a pogrom against blacks


American soldiers admiring Manet’s “In the Conservatory” that the Nazis hid, along with thousands of other works of art, in the salt mines of Merker, Germany. 1945


Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife hours before their assassination, which started WWI. June 28 1914


Rush Medical College lecture auditorium, 1900, Chicago


Messenger dog in mid-air while leaping over a German trench, possibly near Sedan, May 1917


Adolf Hitler’s 4th grade class, 1899. The fuhrer-to-be can be seen top row, dead center


A group of men posing in front of Lynch’s Slave Market, St. Louis, Missouri, 1852


Boxing Match At Yankee Stadium, 1923


Harriet Tubman with rescued slaves- Auburn, NY, circa 1887


British Airship R33 preparing for launch. Barlow, Yorkshire, 1919


Royal group, including Kaiser Wilhelm II and Edward VII, in the Crimson Drawing-Room at Windsor Castle, 17 November 1907

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