Why Doesn't The U.S. Use The Metric System?

Why Doesn't The U.S. Use The Metric System?

In 1793, noted French scientist Joseph Dombey departed Le Havre, France bound for Philadelphia. His mission was to meet with Thomas Jefferson and give him two of the rarest items on Earth. Unfortunately for Dombey, fate had other intentions and storms pushed the ship he was aboard well off course.

10 Creepiest Urban Legends From America

10 Creepiest Urban Legends From America

Urban legends haunt the teenagers of generations past and present, and these ones are the creepiest ones we could find in America!

10 Things Americans Get Wrong About America

10 Things Americans Get Wrong About America

What if we told you that everything you were ever told about America is a LIE?! Well, get ready everyone, because that's exactly what we're doing, in 10 Things Americans Get Wrong About America!

Britain And America's Planned Wars On Each Other

Britain And America's Planned Wars On Each Other

Plan Red

Always have a backup plan, just in case your former friends turn on you.

The Mystery Behind The 'American Stonehenge'

The Mystery Behind The 'American Stonehenge'

The stones and the inscriptions on them seem to be designed for people living in a post-apocalyptic future.

The Island That Belongs To Both The US And Canada

The Island That Belongs To Both The US And Canada

Nobody's really sure whether the Machias Seal Island is a part of the US or Canada.

What Makes Potato Chips So American?

What Makes Potato Chips So American?

Potato chips are a quick and simple treat, but the reason Americans love them so much might be a bit more complicated. In fact, we can trace our seemingly insatiable need for these tasty treats to the earliest days of our history.

Is It Safe To Live In The USA?

Is It Safe To Live In The USA?

Is it safe to live in the United States? How does it compare to other countries?

Russia Vs United States - Military Power Comparison 2018

Russia Vs United States - Military Power Comparison 2018

The winners not ONLY depends on how many weapons, but if you don't have good strategy and planning as well.



Why The US Military Made GPS Free-To-Use

Why The US Military Made GPS Free-To-Use

The US can shut anyone's GPS system down also if they wanted to not just their own.
781 flat earthers have watched this.

Trump Says China’s Xi Is “President For Life” — And Maybe America Should Try It

Trump Says China’s Xi Is “President For Life” — And Maybe America Should Try It

Chinese President Xi Jingping is changing the country’s constitution to allow him to stay in power indefinitely. American President Donald Trump joked on Saturday he might do the same.

In closed-door remarks at his Mar-a-Lago golf club on Saturday, Trump praised the Chinese president’s recent power grab and said he wouldn’t mind trying it himself, according to CNN, which managed to obtain a recording. “He’s now president for life. President for life. No, he’s great,” Trump said. “And look, he was able to do that. I think it’s great. Maybe we’ll have to give that a shot some day.”

The remarks were delivered during a fundraising lunch and were probably a joke. That said, an American president jesting about staying in power for life obviously caused a bit of consternation — especially one who has a history of admiring dictators.




Trump has a history of admiring dictators and strongmen

During a Monday afternoon meeting with US governors, Trump said he had “great respect” for Xi and a “very good relationship” with him. When asked about the White House’s reaction to the term limit issue in China, Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders on Monday said it’s “a decision for China to make about what’s best for their country.” She said the president supports term limits in the United States but seemed to imply he is fine with what’s happening in China.

President Xi isn’t the only authoritarian figure Trump has complimented. He has repeatedly praised Russian President Vladimir Putin, for example, saying he gets an “A” in leadership and admiring his approval numbers in separate interviews in late 2015. He has also touted his “great friendship” with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Trump has also been friendly with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, in May 2017 telling him he was doing an “unbelievable job on the drug problem.” Duterte has killed thousands of people in his drug war. Axios reporter Jonathan Swan reported in February that the president has outright admired countries such as Singapore, where drug dealers get the death penalty, and wished he could do the same in the United States.




10 Alleged Secret Weapons Of The US Military

10 Alleged Secret Weapons Of The US Military

The art of war has evolved dramatically with the advent of contemporary technologies. One thing about war, however, hasn’t changed. To win, it is still essential to keep the true strength of your forces and the extent of your arsenal hidden from your opponent. The most important military secrets are only disclosed to the select few who can be trusted to carry out the mission.

For this reason, the US government can’t divulge complete information about its tools and tactics for the national defense to the people it is sworn to serve. So there must be at least some instances when weapons of war have been developed and deployed without the knowledge of the American populace.

But what if the opponent of the military-industrial complex, having acquired unwarranted influence, became its own people? What fantastic secrets of kinetic, psychological, biological, and energetic warfare might then be hidden well below the surface of public knowledge?

At least some aspects of the existence and operational parameters of the following 10 weapons have made their way into general awareness. Yet their development begs the question: What other tools of death and destruction might be lurking in the shadows, utterly obscured from the public eye?

10 Directed Energy Weapons

The Greek mathematician Archimedes may have made history over 2,000 years ago as the first person to ever use a directed energy weapon. According to a mysterious legend, during the Roman invasion of Syracuse, Archimedes rapidly constructed a hexagonal mirror when the Roman admiral Marcellus moved his ships out of the range of bowshot.

Archimedes was apparently able to capture the energy of the Sun and reflect it onto the ships, setting them ablaze and causing them to sink within minutes.[1] MIT students were able to recreate this effect in 2005 but noted that their mirror was only capable of effectively burning a stationary target.

Though scientific knowledge has advanced a great deal since the days of Archimedes, the underlying theoretical principles of directed energy weapon (DEW) technology remain the same. A DEW inflicts damage from a distance by firing an intensely concentrated beam of energy toward a target.

Different types of DEWs fire different types of energy, but the most popularized form of directed energy weapon in use today is the high energy laser (HEL). These DEWs are just like the lasers seen in science fiction movies. They fire a soundless beam of energy, invisible at certain frequencies, that can incinerate a target from hundreds of miles away.

HELs have been developed by contractors like Lockheed Martin for use in missile defense and space war, but some believe that these weapons might have been designed with much more sinister purposes in mind.

During the Thomas Fire that ravaged California in December 2017, many witnesses and researchers noted property damage that seemingly defied every preconceived notion of how a wildfire should behave. Though wildfires use foliage to spread, entire blocks of houses burned to the ground while the surrounding trees remained untouched.

Though no official explanation of this anomalous phenomenon is forthcoming, multiple witnesses across California recorded video of beams of light coming down from the sky as the blaze spread across the state. Given the fact that HELs are commonly mounted on the nose cones of planes, some have concluded that the mayhem wreaked by the Thomas Fire was boosted with directed energy weaponry.

9 Long Range Acoustic Devices

Photo credit: slate.com

A new type of crowd control weapon came to the fore during the Ferguson, Missouri, protests of 2014. As an active demonstration of the newfound capabilities of an increasingly militarized American police state, countermeasures employed by the Ferguson Police Department to quell civil unrest included the use of LRAD sound cannons.

Capable of projecting voice commands over a distance of 9 kilometers (5.5 mi), a Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD) inflicts grievous bodily pain upon anyone within 100 meters (330 ft) of its sound path. LRAD manufacturers are careful to call their products “devices” rather than “weapons” for public relations reasons. But anyone who has endured the effects of an LRAD is well aware of the difference between the truth and the spin.

Just ask the US diplomats stationed in Cuba who recently started losing their hearing. Soon after the detente between the United States and Cuba that transpired in 2015, diplomats deployed to the newly reopened US embassy on this Caribbean island nation started reporting a sudden and permanent loss of hearing.[2]

US investigators concluded that the diplomats had been hit with an advanced and unnamed acoustic device that doesn’t make any audible sound but causes irreparable damage to the ears and brain of anyone in its path. This incident was considered so serious that the United States expelled two Cuban diplomats from their embassy in Washington.

However, the exact nature of this LRAD-like device and the identity of the agents responsible for its use on American officials are still unknown. If a sonic weapon was indeed used on US diplomats in Cuba, this would be an unprecedented incident in the history of international relations.

8 Low-Frequency Microwave Mind Control

The apparent sonic attacks on the US embassy in Cuba rekindled decades-old fears about a different kind of secret weapon. In 1965, at the height of the Cold War, the Pentagon discovered that the Soviets were blasting the US embassy in Moscow with extremely low-frequency (ELF) microwave radiation.

While far too weak to cook anything, it was determined that the so-called Soviet Signal carried the possibility of affecting the health or altering the behavior of the embassy staff. Instead of doing anything to stop it, the Pentagon decided to study the potential effects of the signal and attempt to mimic them back home.

DARPA, then a freshly minted branch of the Department of Defense, subsequently founded an initiative called Project Pandora and began researching the effects of ELF microwave radiation on primate subjects. Though the results were inconclusive, project leader Richard Cesaro remained convinced until Pandora’s disbanding in 1969 that ELF radiation posed a serious threat to the national security of the United States.

The Pentagon never figured out what the Soviets were up to at the American embassy and opted to solve the situation by wrapping the embassy in a building’s equivalent of a tinfoil hat: An aluminum screen was erected to surround the perimeter of the complex.

Though DARPA may have closed the case on ELF radiation in 1969, studies have since indicated that low-frequency microwave and radio waves may indeed have a deleterious effect on the human body. It’s even been demonstrated that the signals emitted and received from cell phones have an effect on the functioning of the mind that frequently shows itself in the disruption of natural sleep cycles.

Today’s world is absolutely saturated by invisible signals that keep us connected and informed. But how much do we truly know about this all-pervasive radiation and how it might be affecting our health and even our thoughts?[3]

7 Heart Attack Guns

In the wake of the Watergate scandal of the early 1970s, Democratic Senator Frank Church led a committee dedicated to getting to the bottom of any actions perpetrated by the CIA that may have violated the charter of this secretive intelligence agency. It was believed that the CIA had accrued undue unilateral power under the pretext of the Cold War, and the Church Committee was assembled to expose this nefarious plot to the American people.

Though history shows us that the attempts of the Church Committee to curb the totalitarian zeal of the CIA were all but ineffective in the long run, a few interesting findings were uncovered during the course of this 1975 investigation. One such discovery was the so-called “Heart Attack Gun,” a modified pistol that was capable of delivering a nearly undetectable but absolutely lethal dose of shellfish toxin into the body of a distant target.[4]

The darts fired by this soundless gun would theoretically leave a pinprick no larger than a mosquito bite and dissolve almost instantly into the tissues of the body after delivering a payload so poisonous that the target would be almost guaranteed to have a heart attack within moments. It’s unknown whether or not the “Heart Attack Gun” was ever used. But for all we know, it could still actively be in use today.

6 Magneto Hydrodynamic Explosive Munitions

Photo credit: popsci.com

In Arthur C. Clarke’s Earthlight, this legendary science fiction author of the 20th century conceives of a futuristic weapon that uses electromagnetism to propel a jet of molten metal miles into space, spearing and destroying an attacking battleship. This type of armor-piercing weapon isn’t entirely unheard of. Since World War II, various arms manufacturers have supplied combatants with tools of war called self-forging penetrators (SFPs).

Making use of a chemical explosion and a metal liner, SFPs propel themselves at an armored vehicle and then change their shape to penetrate the target. However, conventional SFPs are inefficient and hard to use, giving rise to the demand for a more effective armor penetration weapon.

DARPA has developed a specialized projectile to fit this niche called the Magneto Hydrodynamic Explosive Munition (MAHEM). Using electromagnetism to form and direct a sustained jet of molten metal at an armored target, MAHEM is much more adaptable than a conventional SFP and closely resembles the fictional weapon featured in Earthlight.

Beyond these basic details, not much is known about this secretive military project. However, China’s Nanjing University of Science and Technology has apparently reverse engineered MAHEM for its own purposes.[5]

As with many other aspects of the shadowy war for global supremacy currently being waged between the superpowers of the East and West, the full details surrounding the development and deployment of this fearsome weapon may never fully filter their way into the public awareness.

5 Biological Weaponry

Between 1949 and 1969, the United States military tested biological weapons on its own people without their knowledge or consent. One such experiment occurred in 1950 when a US Navy ship sprayed billions of tiny microbes into the atmosphere over San Francisco, causing a massive upsurge in illness and potentially killing one resident.

Another took place in the subway system under New York City in 1966 when researchers dropped light bulbs filled with bacteria onto the tracks to test how far the motion of a train would carry these potentially deadly pathogens. Still other experiments consisted of engulfing entire cities in a cloud of zinc cadmium sulfide under the pretext of providing a smoke screen to hide the population in the event of the outbreak of nuclear war.

The military tells us that all this was done to learn how to better protect us from foreign adversaries, but many wonder whether the benefits of such reckless experimentation truly outweigh the costs.

However, dangerous pathogens released into the atmosphere might be the least of the biological threats to which the American people have been exposed by their government. In 2016, DNI director James Clapper expressed his concerns that gene editing technology might become a weapon of mass destruction if it fell into the wrong hands.

The science of gene editing has proliferated throughout the modern world, seemingly with little to no thought given to the potentially disastrous ramifications of tinkering around with the genetic structure of the biosphere.

While naturally occurring pathogens are bad enough, genetic engineering has given rise to the potential existence of secretly developed biological weapons that could wipe out entire national populations practically overnight. But microbes given superpowers by mad scientists might actually pose less of a danger than other types of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that have been let loose among an unwitting populace.

In 2013, a group of around 300 scientists formally rejected the premise that there is a scientific consensus on the safety of GMOs for human consumption. This statement led numerous restaurant and grocery chains such as Chipotle and Trader Joe’s to outright ban GMOs from their kitchens and shelves.[6]

Yet agribusiness corporations continue to alter the genetic code of vital crops like corn and soybeans under the protection of an army of scientific publications and news outlets that repeatedly assure their audiences that GMOs pose no threat to the human body or to the biosphere.

Agribusiness giants like Monsanto are heavily subsidized by the United States government. If GMOs truly are detrimental to human health, the unending spread of these unnatural organisms could be serving as a covert continuation of the government’s deadly habit of exposing its people to biological weapons.

4 Subliminal Messaging

It’s been well established that subliminal messaging is used extensively in advertising. This type of marketing usually exploits the baser urges of the populace to influence them to buy a product or service. But what if the same principles used in subliminal advertising are also being used by the United States intelligence community for the purposes of espionage or even mind control?

A formerly secret CIA document titled “The Operational Potential of Subliminal Perception” describes in precise detail the prescribed methodology for gaming the principles of subliminal perception to persuade someone to do something that they usually wouldn’t do.[7]

While the author of the document ultimately concludes that the operational effectiveness of subliminal perception is “extremely limited,” the CIA is widely known for its knack for operating within the strictures of extreme limits and still accomplishing its clandestine objectives with flying colors.

3 Flying Aircraft Carriers

Photo credit: darpa.mil

In the late 1920s, the United States Navy began exploring the tactical potential of airborne aircraft carriers. Two zeppelin-style airships were constructed, the USS Akron and the USS Macon, both of which carried a crew of 60 men and were capable of deploying and recovering Sparrowhawk fighter planes in flight. However, both Navy flying aircraft carriers met unfortunate ends and their remains now rest at the bottom of the ocean.

Recently, however, rumors have surfaced of DARPA’s plans to reopen this chapter of American history and initiate another attempt to develop airborne aircraft carriers for military use. This time, these proposed sentinels of the skies would carry drones instead of manned warplanes. Called the “Gremlins” program, this audacious DARPA initiative would consist of modified C-130 air transports loaded with stealthy drones capable of penetrating enemy defenses undetected.[8]

Given DARPA’s reputation for suddenly announcing the planning stages of already-completed projects as soon as their cover might be blown, it’s reasonable to wonder whether there might already be “Gremlins” flying over our heads. If the fanciful testimony of supposed secret space program insiders like Corey Goode is to be believed, there may even be Avengers-style Air Force “Helicarriers” patrolling the skies now, rendered undetectable by advanced cloaking technology.

2 Project Thor

Photo credit: taskandpurpose.com

Potentially overshadowing the MOAB as the most lethal nonnuclear weapon in the United States’ arsenal, Project Thor is a technology designed by Jerry Pournelle in the 1950s that would obliterate enemies with bolts from above.

Colloquially termed “rods from God,” this type of Kinetic Energy Penetrator (KEP) would theoretically consist of a pair of satellites. One serves as a targeting hub, and the other is equipped with 6-meter-long (20 ft) tungsten rods that would be dropped on a target from orbit. Capable of penetrating hundreds of feet into the Earth’s crust, these thunderbolts from Thor would produce damage equivalent to a nuclear blast without the fallout.[9]

Though the cost of delivering such rods into orbit is seen as prohibitive, reopening the Project Thor initiative was seriously considered as recently as the George W. Bush administration. With $21 trillion supposedly appropriated without authorization by the Department of Defense and a few other agencies, it’s hard to know what potentially cost-prohibitive theoretical projects the United States government might be silently making into reality without the knowledge or consent of its people.


Photo credit: uaf.edu

Hugo Chavez brought international attention to the HAARP facility in Alaska when he accused the United States Air Force of using this high-frequency transmitter array to trigger the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Until this point, casting aspersions on this United States Air Force research station was a faux pas committed by only the looniest of tinfoil hatters.

Theories about the darker side of HAARP were supposedly put to rest when the Air Force announced that this ionospheric research complex would be closing its doors in 2014. But the speculation was kindled back into flame when HAARP was reopened in 2017 by the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF).[10]

Admittedly, it probably wasn’t a good choice from a PR perspective on the part of UAF to pick the artificially induced manifestation of a weather phenomenon as their first experiment. When HAARP’s new custodians announced their plans to create a version of the aurora borealis that was invisible to the naked eye in the skies over Alaska, many took this as confirmation of this controversial research station’s weather-manipulating abilities.

Although the HAARP program has been repeatedly accused of manipulating the weather and broadcasting mind control signals, none of these claims have been clearly demonstrated to be either true or false so far.

The US Town Where Chinese Millionaires House Their Kids And Hide Their Mistresses

The US Town Where Chinese Millionaires House Their Kids And Hide Their Mistresses

 There are people who live their entire life never fearing unemployment or understanding destitution.


25 Scary Declassified Government Secrets

25 Scary Declassified Government Secrets





Can you correctly categorize these things that were popular in the 1970s?


The Real Reason American Health Care Is So Expensive

The Real Reason American Health Care Is So Expensive

Hint: single-payer won’t fix America’s health care spending.

US Navy Acknowledges Aircrew Drew A Penis In The Sky Over Washington


US Navy Acknowledges Aircrew Drew A Penis In The Sky Over Washington

Naval aviators are responsible for drawing a penis in the sky over Okanogan County, Wash., Navy officials said.

Residents of Okanogan County spotted the drawings in the sky Thursday, and some documented the phallic art on Twitter.



Officials with the Naval Air Station Whidbey Island in Oak Harbor, Wash., confirmed to KREM 2 News that Navy pilots were responsible for the drawings.

“The Navy holds its aircrew to the highest standards and we find this absolutely unacceptable, of zero training value and we are holding the crew accountable,” Navy officials said in a statement.

One mother who took photos of the skywriting and spoke to the TV station said she was upset at the prospect of explaining the image to her children.

The Federal Aviation Administration, when the station reached out for comment, said they're powerless to act unless the incident poses a safety risk. An official also said the agency "cannot police morality."

Secret Taxpayer Piggy Bank Lets Congress Settle Sexual Harassment Cases

Secret Taxpayer Piggy Bank Lets Congress Settle Sexual Harassment Cases

Equal treatment for lawmakers? Don’t count on it.

A little-known law has been on the books for more than a decade that gives anyone accusing a federal lawmaker of sexual harassment the right to sue – but only if they consent to a lengthy drawn-out process that includes a written statement within 180 days of the incident, 30 days of counseling and another month or so of mediation.

During that time, the claimant’s employer will be notified. The lawmaker’s identity, however, will remain confidential even if he or she is found guilty.

Should there be a settlement – and there have been many – it’s the American taxpayer that’s on the hook, with “no public disclosure and no consequences for the harasser,” said California Democratic Rep. Jackie Speier.

“The so-called process was clearly drafted to protect the institution rather than the most vulnerable,” Speier told Fox News in a statement. “Survivors have to sign a never-ending nondisclosure agreement just to start the complaint process, which is unheard of in the private sector, then continue to work in their office alongside their harasser.”

The money comes from a special U.S. Treasury fund – and the payouts are kept quiet. That means, those found to be at fault are publicly shielded and don’t have to pay a penny out of pocket for settlement costs.

Speier, a victim of sexual harassment herself, is spearheading legislation that will overhaul the complaint process in Congress and provide “badly needed transparency and support for survivors.”

The Washington Post, which first reported on the fund, found that between 1997 and 2014, $15.2 million was paid out to 235 claimants.

Speier hopes other lawmakers will start to speak out about the current system in place to protect politicians.

She told CNN that she would try again this year and that her bill to require House members and their staff to take anti-harassment training is gaining support.

Speier believes there is “still a serious problem” in Congress, partly because it was never addressed.

Sex scandals involving current and former lawmakers have come up more and more in the past few years. At least a dozen members have resigned or chosen not to seek re-election.

Speier has openly described her own experience with sexual harassment when she was a junior staffer in Congress.

“We have a problem with a system that is really there to protect the accused, and to diminish the victim,” she said. “And to the victims, I’ve talked to who have current cases before the Office of Compliance, it’s a nightmare what they have gone through.”

Unlike every other federal agency, there is no mandatory sexual harassment training for employees in Congress. Each office decides whether its staff should get training.

The Office of Compliance, the agency that handles sexual harassment training when requested, recently sent a letter to lawmakers reminding them to prioritize taking the training.

Last week, House Speaker Paul Ryan sent a memo to House lawmakers urging them to invest in training, referencing the wide-ranging allegations of sexual misconduct in the entertainment industry, media and beyond.

“In recent weeks, reports of sexual harassment by public figures have been deeply disturbing to say the least,” he wrote in a letter to colleagues. “I have heard from members with real concerns about the House’s policies.”

On the Senate side, Republican Sen. Chuck Grassley wrote a letter to the Senate Rules Committee pushing to make sexual harassment training mandatory for all U.S. senators.

New York Democratic Sen. Kristen Gillibrand announced she plans to introduce legislation that would streamline the investigation process for harassment cases.


5 Most Mysterious Ghost Sightings In America


5 Most Mysterious Ghost Sightings In America

 Haunting photos and stories behind the most mysterious & most famous ghost sightings in America...


10 Worst Laws In American History

10 Worst Laws In American History

Revolutions begin when a group of people refuse to abide by the laws of their society. That’s exactly why the American colonists broke away from British rule—because they didn’t like the laws under which they were forced to live.

You would think that the descendants of revolutionaries would take more care in drafting their own laws. You would be wrong. Some US politicians have passed bills and acts that are morally wrong, infringe on citizens’ rights, or impose their own reprehensible beliefs on an entire country.

10.Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act

Photo credit: National Photo Company

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (officially known as the Tariff Act of 1930) is one of many nationalistic laws passed by the United States. Ostensibly, it was created to help protect American businesses and farmers from economic turmoil by raising tariffs on over 20,000 items by as much as 20 percent.

In desperation, more than 1,000 economists signed a petition to persuade then-President Herbert Hoover to veto the bill. But he wouldn’t, as promising to raise agricultural tariffs had been an important part of his campaign.

The stock market had just crashed, and the world was taking its first steps into what would become known as the Great Depression. Instead of insulating the US, like its proponents had hoped it would, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act kicked the country off a cliff along with the rest of the world. (However, the harm done to trade with other countries was perhaps its biggest impact.)

Thomas Lamont, a partner at J.P. Morgan, later said of the act: “[It] intensified nationalism all over the world.”[1] In fact, some people have argued that the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act may have contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler because it deepened the Great Depression.

9.Espionage Act And Sedition Act

Photo credit: gvshp.org

The Espionage Act of 1917 and the related Sedition Act of 1918 were passed shortly after the United States’ entry into World War I. The Espionage Act was created as a compromise between the US, with its relatively tolerant opinion on freedom of speech, and Great Britain, which had passed a massive ban on speech pertaining to national secrets a few years earlier. In short, the act made it a crime for a person to send information that would compromise the country’s war effort or aid its enemies.

In 1918, the Sedition Act expanded the range of the Espionage Act. Under the Sedition Act, it was a crime to make false claims that hindered the war effort or to disrupt the manufacture of items necessary for the war. It was even illegal to insult the US government, the flag, the Constitution, or the military. Defending these actions as legal was also a crime.[2]

During the first Red Scare in the postwar years, these two acts were used to an extreme, mainly by A. Mitchell Palmer, the US attorney general, and his right-hand man, J. Edgar Hoover. Only a few years later, the Sedition Act was repealed, though many parts of the Espionage Act remain law today.



8.Alien Registration Act Of 1940 (aka Smith Act)

Photo credit: Los Angeles Times

As the United States’ entry into World War II looked increasingly likely, US lawmakers tried to chop off the head of the rebellious menace they felt could help take the country down from within. Their solution was the Alien Registration Act of 1940, which made it a crime to either advocate for the overthrow of the government or be a member of a group whose main goal was to topple the government.

In addition, all aliens (noncitizens) living inside the country had to register with the government, get their fingerprints taken and filed, keep identification papers on their persons at all times, and inform the government of their living situations each year.[3]

Lastly, if an alien were to have ties, however loosely, to a “subversive organization,” he could be deported. Though it has never been repealed, the act has been amended a number of times after some of its uses were deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

7.Gulf Of Tonkin Resolution

Photo credit: history.com

Much like the Roman general and eventual dictator Sulla did when he first crossed the pomoerium (city limits) of Rome with his army—setting the stage for people like Julius Caesar—the Gulf Of Tonkin Resolution of 1964 has been used as precedent for many US presidents who wished to engage in armed conflict.

Before the US’s entry into the Vietnam War, North Vietnamese forces had fired on two different US ships, unprovoked of course. Facing increasing criticism from his Republican opponent, President Lyndon B. Johnson sought Congressional approval for broad, far-reaching powers to protect US interests in the region.

Nearly unanimously passed (only two members of the Senate objected), a bill known as the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution flew through Congress in 1964, giving the president the power to wage war without a formal declaration from the legislative branch.[4]

It was repealed in 1971 as then-President Richard Nixon sought to escalate a conflict in Cambodia. Subsequent investigations into the Gulf of Tonkin incident, which led to the passage of the resolution, revealed that some of the information given to Congress was false, a sobering lesson and a mirror of sorts for the Iraq War.

6.Patriot Act

Photo credit: npr.org

Passed only weeks after the attacks on September 11, 2001, the Patriot Act was ostensibly created to help the US government uncover suspected terrorists and stop them before they could carry out any attacks. However, it actually gave the government sweeping powers that enabled them to spy on virtually every American and violate people’s rights to privacy.

In fact, when asked by the inspector general of the Justice Department in 2015, the FBI admitted that they could not point to a single major terrorism case which had been cracked with the aid of the Patriot Act.

Instead, programs like the NSA’s phone metadata program sprang up.[5] The agency claimed that this helped it look for societal links between suspected terrorists and terrorist groups. Though a handful of governmental overreaches have been curtailed in recent years, much of these powers remain intact—which is to say nothing of the government’s international surveillance programs.



5.Fugitive Slave Act Of 1850

Photo credit: issues4life.org

Beginning in the 1830s, abolitionists in the North had finally begun to coalesce into a more powerful group, frightening slave owners in the South. There was already a Fugitive Slave Act on the books, which granted local governments the power to capture runaway slaves and return them to their owners.

But people in the South felt that it didn’t go far enough. They were also worried that people in the North would help to hide runaway slaves, which the Southerners couldn’t abide.

So, as part of the “Compromise of 1850,” which was designed to assuage Southerner’s fears and their threats of secession, the government passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. An incredibly harsh, proslavery measure, it forced citizens to help capture runaway slaves.[6]

If they refused or aided a runaway slave, they were faced with a $1,000 fine and six months in jail. In addition, the act denied slaves the right to a jury trial. After the Civil War broke out, the process of repealing the law was shelved until 1864, when Congress finally took it off the books.

4.Black Codes

Photo via Wikimedia

The Black Codes, a collection of laws passed throughout a number of Southern states in 1865–66, can be seen as a precursor to the Jim Crow laws with which people are more familiar. Even though freedom was preferable to slavery for blacks, the situation was still fraught with constant racism. In fact, some would argue that current conditions haven’t improved as much as they could have.

Under the codes, blacks were required to sign yearly labor contracts. If these onerous agreements were left unsigned, blacks could be arrested as vagrants and forced to work for free. These laws also barred blacks from serving on juries and limited their ability to travel, which mirrored legislation in place since the Revolution.

President Andrew Johnson, who rose to power after Abraham Lincoln’s assassination, was a Southerner and a firm believer in states’ rights. He felt that the South had the right to treat blacks however they wanted as long as the blacks weren’t slaves.

It wasn’t until the period of Radical Reconstruction that the treatment of blacks in the South began to improve. At that time, the Republicans essentially overruled President Johnson, passing the Civil Rights Act of 1866, among other things.[7]

3.Alien And Sedition Acts

Photo credit: apfn.net

Shortly after the American Revolution, with the Constitution and the rights granted under it still fresh in everyone’s minds, the president and Congress decided to stomp all over it. Fearful of a French threat to the country, the US government passed the Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798.

These laws granted the government new and far-reaching powers to deport foreigners, a problem which one member of Congress described thusly: There is no need to “invite hordes of Wild Irishmen, nor the turbulent and disorderly of all the world, to come here with a basic view to distract our tranquility.”[8] (It should come as no surprise that immigrants were much more likely to support the other party.)

The Alien and Sedition Acts also infringed on the First Amendment, making it a crime to publish false writings against the government. Inciting opposition to anything done by Congress or the president was also deemed to be a criminal act.

Though no foreigners were deported under these laws, 10 people were convicted under the Sedition Act. Thanks to a change in Congress and the diminished threat of war, nearly all of these laws were repealed a few years later.

2.Indian Removal Act

Photo credit: voanews.com

The Indian Removal Act is yet another reason why Andrew Jackson is the worst president in US history. A longtime advocate of what he called “Indian removal,” Jackson had fought against a number of different tribes, stealing their land and giving it to white farmers while he was an army general.

When he became president, Jackson continued his crusade, signing the Indian Removal Act into law in 1830. It gave the federal government the authority to take Native American land east of the Mississippi and “give” them land west of the river.

Though the law required Jackson and his forces to negotiate with the tribes without threat of violence, that part was often ignored, resulting in the “Trail of Tears” as the most noteworthy and widely known of the expulsions. For example, of the 15,000 Choctaws who were forced out of their ancestral lands, approximately 2,500 died during the resettlement.

Worst of all, Jackson believed that he was implementing a “wise and humane policy” designed to save the Native American tribes from extinction.[9]

1.Public Law 503

Photo credit: Dorothea Lange

President Franklin Roosevelt had already issued Executive Order 9066 authorizing military officials to detain anyone they felt would hinder the war effort. But he and his cabinet understood that they would need to codify it eventually. Thus began one of the most shameful periods of US history: the unlawful internment of over 127,000 innocent Japanese-American citizens in the 1940s.

Based on an erroneous belief that all Japanese Americans would flock to their ancestral country if the US was invaded and the fact that the majority of them lived on the West Coast, internment camps were set up in the middle of the country. In addition, nearly two-thirds of those interned had been born and raised in America. Many of them had never even been to Japan.

Though Public Law 503 was eventually challenged in the Supreme Court, it was upheld, with the Court justifying it as a wartime necessity. When the war was over, many former interns were unable to return home, with some cities even putting up signs declaring them unwelcome. It wasn’t until 1988 that Congress tried to apologize in any way, offering surviving interns $20,000 each.[10]


AMERICA Has Nuclear Submarines That Could Destroy Enemies In Minutes

AMERICA Has Nuclear Submarines That Could Destroy Enemies In Minutes


 FACT: America Has a Nuclear Submarine That Could Destroy Enemy in Minutes

Currently, nine boomers are based in Bangor, Washington to patrol the Pacific Ocean, while five are stationed in Kings Bay, Georgia for operations in the Atlantic. The end of the Cold War, and especially the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, resulted in the downsizing of U.S. nuclear forces. However, rather than retiring some of the oldest boats as originally planned, the Navy decided to refit four of the eighteen Ohio-class subs to serve as cruise missile carriers to launch conventional attacks against ground and sea targets—starting with the USS Ohio.


The US Navy's Super Stealth Destroyer Is Almost Ready For Battle

The US Navy's Super Stealth Destroyer Is Almost Ready For Battle


 Alert: The US Navy's Super Stealth Destroyer Is Almost Ready for Battle

The Navy's new stealthy destroyer will soon fire precision rounds from its long-range deck gun and fire SM-2 missiles from its vertical launch tubes.

The new destroyer, called the USS Zumwalt, is a 610-foot land and surface warfare attack ship designed with a stealthy, wave-piercing “tumblehome” hull.

Raytheon has been chosen to begin mission systems testing, engineering services and ship activation duties in support of the Navy’s Zumwalt-class destroyer program


5 Most Lethal U.S. Warplanes On The Planet

5 Most Lethal U.S. Warplanes On The Planet


 American designs are still some of the most sought-after around the world, as the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program has demonstrated. Moreover, several U.S. aircraft—such as the F-22 Raptor and the B-2 Spirit—are without peer in active service. After years of service, reliable designs like the multirole F/A-18 Hornet and the unmanned MQ-9 Reaper still promise to give opponents a run for their money.


America's B-52 Stratofortress Will Be Dropping Bombs Til 2040

America's B-52 Stratofortress Will Be Dropping Bombs Til 2040


 The Air Force plan is to keep the historic B-52 bomber relevant and functional for decades well into the 2040s.

The B-52 have previously been able to carry JDAM weapons externally, but with the IWBU the aircraft will be able to internally house some of the most cutting edge precision-guided Joint Direct Attack Munitions and Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missiles, among others.


Meet The "Wall Of Eyes" Already Trained On The US - Mexico Border

Meet The "Wall Of Eyes" Already Trained On The US - Mexico Border


 There's more to the border than just a wall.


What If Everyone Lived Like Americans?

What If Everyone Lived Like Americans?

According to AsapSCIENCE, Americans make 40% of the world's trash and we're also No.1 in terms of caloric and sugar intake compared to all of the other 16 wealthiest countries.

But, hey, if you like porn, you'll like the US. Apparently, we also produce 73% of all the world's porn.




Air conditioning everywhere, pumped up to the max.

Don't get me wrong, when it's 108 degrees outside, AC is a real blessing and I wouldn't survive a summer in NYC without it. But do we really have to go from sweltering heat to literally 40 degrees indoors? Can't we find some nice middle ground between sweating our asses off and having to wrap ourselves in a blanket to make it through a day at the office?


All the commercial breaks on TV.

Literally every five minutes. There are so many commercial breaks on network TV that a 40-minute episode ends up lasting an hour. That's a third of your time spent watching stupid commercials.


The huge gaps in the toilet doors.

The obsession with icy cold water.

The longer I stay in the US, the more I actually like icy cold water. It's definitely nice and refreshing in the summer. But restaurants serve glasses filled with ice cubes to the brim in the middle of January. Do you really need to feel even colder when it's freezing outside? Also, does no one have sensitive teeth in this country?


The thing you call French bread.

Having a hundred flavors of everything.

Flags everywhere.

Just in case you weren't sure which country you were in.


Not having the tax included on the price tag.

It'd actually be nice to know exactly what you're gonna end up paying when you pick something off the menu.


Laws changing from state to state.

In one state you can make a right on a red light, but not in another state. In some, consumer fireworks are banned, while in others they're okay. How do you keep up?


Ads for lawyers and doctors.

Just my opinion, but you probably shouldn't get the name of your new dermatologist from the subway.


The size of your highways.

Your fucking unit system.

Pardon my French, but why can't you use the celsius scale and the metric system like basically everybody else on this planet?


Commercials for prescribed drugs.

These ads are literally 2% commercial and 98% obligatory listing of all the possible side effects. Why even bother?


Waiters asking you if everything is okay all the time.

If it's not okay, I'll let you know. In France, we like our waiters indifferent and borderline rude — you could literally choke in front of their eyes and they wouldn't pay you any attention.


Pharmacies where you can fill up on beer and cigarettes along with your prescription drugs.

Selling you the cause of the disease and the cure to it at the same store is equally savvy and cynical.


The size of cars.

Why does everything have to be so big in this place?


People out in the world in their PJs.

You gotta admire the total lack of fucks given.


When "how are you?" actually means "hello" and people DGAF about how you are.

Wall-mounted showerheads.

Bad for rinsing your butt and bad if you're tall. Just bad.


The fact that all your currency looks identical.

It's all pretty much the same color and the same size.


Getting carded when you're old enough to be a grandparent.

Weirdly flavored lattes.

Pumpkin spice, s'mores, peppermint, unicorn(?)... It's like you don't actually like coffee.


Easy Cheese



The 16 Strangest Laws You Can Break By Showing Your Body In The US

The 16 Strangest Laws You Can Break By Showing Your Body In The US

For those underboob fans out there, Ohio is not the state for you. It forbids showing a “female breast with less than a full, opaque covering of any portion thereof below the top of the nipple.”

Translation: No public underboob.

Strip clubs in Oregon are very, very relaxed when it comes to rules. They have the most liberal strip-club laws in the country, allowing alcohol, fully nude performers and live sex shows.

Let’s call Iowa the no-fun state because there are no legal all-nude establishments in the entire state.

In 2011, Garden Grove, CA–the city made somewhat famous by the rock band Sublime–had a bunch of lingerie coffeehouses where waitresses dressed just as the title suggests. Unfortunately, the court banned them once they gained a good amount of exposure.

In Bakersfield, California there is an ordinance that states, “no vendor shall vend stuffed articles depicting the female breasts (sold as ‘boobie pillows’) within one thousand (1,000) feet of any county highway.”

In Flint, Michigan you can technically get in trouble for showing your butt crack–or at least that’s what a Flint police chief made clear in 2008 when he said sagging was a form of indecent exposure.

In Chicago you can be nude in your own home, but it can be illegal if you put on a show for for unwitting passersby.

And here we have probably the most bizarre rule. In Williams County, North Dakota dancers in adult establishments have been asked to cover their nipples with a non-porous material to ensure against unwanted lactation dripping onto clients.

I guess there’s a high population of dancers who were recently in labor.

Now let me know if you can wrp your brain around this one. In Tampa, FL women must be covered while performing customary ‘barroom’ type of nude dancing commonly referred to as ‘topless’ and/or ‘bottomless’ dancing.

So…they have to perform “topless” dancing with a top on?

In Louisiana you can be fined for streaking. The law states that you cannot appear naked in public “with the intent of arousing sexual desire.”

In Hawaii, all you gottta do is put a ring on it. Their law states that public indecency is illegal if the parties involved are not married. Say “I do” and clothes shall not be a problem for you and your partner.

In Harris County, Texas all licensed sex-oriented business workers “shall wear a clearly visible badge issued by the Sheriff.”

I guess it keeps the establishments more professional.

Apparently it is not illegal to hike naked in the forests of California. The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department wrote this in 2006, “simply hiking in the forest, in the nude, is not a violation of the law.”

In Portland, Oregon public nudity is illegal, except for naked protestors.

Even though nudity has always been embraced by San Francisco and it’s free spirited culture, a law banning public nudity went into effect in 2013. That also coincided with a rise in real estate prices and a surge in people moving to the Bay Area.

In New York, Ohio, Maine, Texas, and Hawaii women are allowed to be topless anywhere that men are allowed to be topless legally.



Burgers, step aside. Corn on the cob, stay in your lane. Apple pie? Nice try. No, there is no food more American, more essential to our national identity, than the almighty hot dog.

Call them wieners, bangers, franks, or dogs: this is the cuisine that makes us proud to call ourselves bloated, oily skinned, and ever-thirsty Americans. They're handheld snacks that animate childhood camping trips and Sunday afternoon ball games alike. A shared love for this national dish unites folks from sea to shining sea, and yet each US region reps its own unique take on this special meal on-the-go, reflecting the same fiercely independent spirit exhibited by our sausage-loving forefathers. By our count, there are 41 different regional hot dog varieties. Here they are, in all their natural-cased glory.

Papaya dog

Place of origin: A fast-disappearing assortment of storefront locations around New York City (Papaya King, Gray's Papaya, etc.)
The dog: An all-beef Sabrett frank in a natural casing, griddled and served on a toasted bun with deli-style mustard, tart sauerkraut, and each vendor's signature version of the ubiquitous red onion sauce (a mix of onions, tomato paste, and vinegar).

Dirty-water dog

Place of origin: The mean streets (and takeout joints) of New York City
The dog: A skinless, all-beef, kosher dog (usually Hebrew National or Sabrett), boiled in a deep tank of questionably sanitary water, topped with a stripe of spicy, pale yellow, deli-style mustard, a spoonful of red onion mystery sauce (optional), and handed over in a soft white bun.

Italian dog

Place of origin: North Jersey, son
The dog: A hangover-curing, calzone-like mess comprised of a skinny, all-beef, deep-fried dog, crammed into a half-round of pizza bread and topped with fried or sauteed onions, greasy red peppers, and fried potatoes.

Half smoke

Place of origin: Washington DC metro area
The dog: A coarse pork and/or beef banger smoked and served in a traditional soft white bun with tons and tons of chili on top. Ben's Chili Bowl is the most famous. But whether it's the best is worth exploring to find out for yourself.

Texas Tommy

Place of origin: Philadelphia, PA, a good 1,700 miles from the Texas border
The dog: An all-beef dog sliced down the middle and stuffed with Cheez Whiz and crispy bacon, then grilled and served on a toasted bun. Philly does not mess around when it comes to bunned meat.

NY System wiener

Place of origin: Rhode Island (pretty much the entire state, which is unbelievably tiny) (still love you, Rhody!)
The dog: A griddled, all-beef dog in natural casing, garnished with meat sauce, mustard, chopped raw onion, and celery salt and sheathed in a steamed, side-cut roll. Olneyville New York System in Providence is the gold standard.

Fenway Frank

Place of origin: Beantown, Mass
The dog: A fat, boiled & grilled all-beef or beef-and-pork frank, shoved into a New England-style bun and dressed with mustard, relish, and, in some cases, a scoop of Boston baked beans (Green Monster sold separately).

Philly Combo

Place of origin: The City of Brotherly Love
The dog: A grilled all-beef hot dog, split down the middle and laid upon a wide steamed or toasted bun, layered with sweet, vinegar-based coleslaw and a stripe of spicy mustard, and completed -- curiously enough -- with a fish cake

Baltimore bologna dog

Place of origin: Charming Bal'more, MD
The dog: A kosher all-beef dog, wrapped in bologna, griddled, lined with yellow mustard, fit snugly into a toasted bun, and best alongside a crisp can of Natty Boh


Place of origin: Clifton, NJ (and surrounding areas)
The dog: A deep-fried pork-and-beef dog in natural casing that tears and crinkles (i.e., "rips") when it's cooked, dressed with mustard and/or spicy-sweet relish and served in either a regular or toasted hot dog bun. Rutt's Hut claims to have been the first to rip these suckers out back in 1928. They haven't changed in the intervening decades.

Texas wiener

Place of origin: The surprisingly un-Texas-like town of Paterson, NJ (& parts of CT along I-95)
The dog: All-beef dog, deep-fried and topped with spicy mustard, chopped raw onion, and "Greek sauce"... a smooth, chili-like sauce made with ground meat and seasoned with cumin, cinnamon, cloves, allspice, and cayenne

Salami dog

Place of origin: Philly. Again. Hell yeah, Philly!
The dog: A char-grilled kosher all-beef wrapped in fried kosher salami, stuffed inside a toasted bun, and garnished with mustard and a sliced kosher dill pickle

Crab mac n' cheese dog

Place of origin: Good ol’'Camden Yards in Baltimore, MD
The dog: An all-beef hot dog, grilled and nestled into a soft, chewy bun, then loaded with lump crab meat, hot, gooey macaroni & cheese, and a generous dusting of Maryland’s all-time favorite sodium source: Old Bay

Maine Red Snapper

Place of origin: Maine, of course
The dog: A grilled or griddled, violently red (thanks to food coloring) beef or pork frank in an extra-snappy natural lamb casing, stuffed into a toasted top-loading hot dog roll (i.e., a lobster roll minus the lobster), and topped with a spoonful of Maine's own Raye's "Down East Schooner" classic yellow mustard

Michigan Red Hot

Place of origin: Upstate New York (strangely enough *not* Michigan)
The dog: An all-beef frank steamed in a natural casing, doused in minced meat chili (no tomatoes, no beans, no problem), garnished with chopped raw onion and mustard, and loaded into a steamed split-top bun. Reminiscent of the coney dog, which, confusingly, isn't actually from Coney Island (more on that later).

Troy mini hot dog

Place of origin: Upstate New York
The dog: A tiny hot dog link put out by area butcher shops, nestled in specially made 3in bun, and topped with spicy meat sauce, yellow mustard, and raw onion (generally eaten by the dozen)

Slaw dog/West Virginia dog/Carolina dog

Place of origin: The entire South, apparently
The dog: An all-beef dog smothered in either creamy or BBQ homemade coleslaw, meaty chili, raw Vidalia onion, and optional yellow mustard, and served in a traditional soft bun

Scrambled dog

Place of origin: Columbus, GA
The dog: A 50-plus-year-old recipe that includes chopped hot dog pieces floating in a bowl of chili, raw onion, pickles, and a smattering of oyster crackers. That, friends, is surf and turf, Georgia-style.

Texas dog (actually from Texas this time)

Place of origin: Texas, forever
The dog: A thick frank either grilled or griddled and loaded with salsa, shredded Monterey Jack, sliced jalapeños, and (occasionally) chili and served in a soft bun

Memphis dog

Place of origin: Memphis, TN, the home of both the blues and this artery-crushing monstrosity
The dog: A grilled pork sausage wrapped in bacon, then drenched in BBQ sauce, chopped onions, diced scallions, and shredded cheddar cheese and squeezed into a grilled bun

Chicago dog

Place of origin: Windy City, USA
The dog: A classic Vienna Beef frank in natural casing, simmered in water until plump or charred to order, cradled in a steamed poppy seed bun, and "dragged through the garden" (i.e., artfully decorated with fresh tomato slices, chopped white onions, sweet neon-green relish, sport peppers, bright-yellow mustard, a dill pickle spear or two, and a few good shakes of celery salt). Basically, this is a form of currency on the left shore of Lake Michigan.

Kansas City-style dogs

Place of origin: Kansas City, MO
The dog: An all-beef dog or pork sausage, griddled and tucked into a sesame seed bun, covered in melted Swiss cheese and a massive dose of sauerkraut, and finished (if desired) with a squirt of tangy Thousand Island dressing or spicy mustard




Top 10 Foods That Are Banned In The US

Top 10 Foods That Are Banned In The US

Americans love their food, and they are able to buy (almost) anything imaginable at restaurants, farms, markets, and other stores, but some foods are currently banned. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has banned many foods from being sold or eaten in the United States due to their not being safe for consumption. Here is a list of the top ten foods that are surprisingly banned in the US.


Haggis is a type of pudding composed of the liver, heart, and lungs of a sheep, mixed with beef and oatmeal and seasoned with onions, cayenne peppers, and other spices. This mixture is then packed into a sheep’s stomach and boiled. Haggis is the national dish of Scotland and is usually accompanied by turnips and mashed potatoes.

Haggis is currently banned from being imported into the United States. In 1971, the US banned all foods that are made from animal lungs. Scotland has made several efforts to influence the US into lifting the ban on haggis and changing federal food safety regulations, but they have come up short each time.[1]

9.Beluga Caviar

The beluga sturgeon is the largest of the sturgeons, weighing more than 900 kilograms (2,000 lb) and measuring more than 4.5 meters (15 ft) long. It can take up to 25 years for the female beluga to mature and produce eggs. Beluga caviar varies in color from light to dark grey and is the largest-grain caviar. Their pearls are the most delicate and have a mild, buttery flavor.

In 2005, the United States banned beluga caviar from further import due to overfishing. The US was consuming about 60 percent of the world’s beluga caviar, which is considered the king of caviar due to costing $200 per ounce. Beluga caviar was so desirable that the available stock declined by 90 percent. Overfishing of the beluga can be traced back to poaching and the black market.[2]

8.Unpasteurized Milk

Unpasteurized milk, or raw milk, is milk that comes directly from an animal’s udder and hasn’t been heat-treated, or pasteurized, to kill any bacteria. Raw milk carries a higher risk of being contaminated with harmful bacteria that cause foodborne illnesses than pasteurized milk. Children are at a higher risk for these diseases because their immune systems have not yet fully developed.

The FDA banned the interstate sale or distribution of raw milk in the US, but states are able to adopt their own laws of the sale of raw milk. Drinking and consuming unpasteurized milk is legal in all 50 states, but 20 states prohibit the sale of raw milk. Thirteen states allow the sales of raw milk in retail stores, and 17 allow the sale of raw milk only on the farm in which it was produced.[3]

There is currently a movement in the United States to consume organic and locally grown foods. Some believe that raw milk is more nutritious and provides “good bacteria” for the body. Many of the states that allow the selling of raw milk require a warning label informing consumers about the risk of pathogens that can be found in the milk.

7.Sassafras Oil

Photo via Pinterest

Sassafras oil is extracted from the dried root bark of the sassafras tree. The tree stands anywhere from 6 to 12 meters (20–40 ft) tall, with slender branches and orange- and brown-colored bark. The leaves are oval and can grow 8 to 18 centimeters (3–7 in) long, and the flowers are small and of a greenish or yellow color.

Many Native American tribes used sassafras for various medicinal purposes, including to help with acne, urinary disorders, and fevers. Sassafras can also be found in Chinese medications to help treat rheumatism and trauma. The twigs from the plants were once used as toothbrushes, and sassafras was also used as an early anesthetic and disinfectant. Sassafras was found in many distinct foods in the US, and it was known as a key ingredient in many root beers and teas.

The FDA prohibits all sassafras bark, oil, and safrole as flavorings or food additives. Sassafras is no longer considered safe for human consumption, and it was banned in 1979, after research linked it to cancer. Also, when too much sassafras oil is consumed, poisoning can possibly occur.[4]


Photo credit: MaxPPP

The ortolan is a bird in the bunting family of Emberizidae. It is a tiny songbird that weighs less than an ounce. This bird was once a controversial meal in France and is cooked for eight minutes and served with the head attached. The bird is meant to be eaten whole, including the head and bones.

Killing and selling the ortolan was banned in France in the 1990s, but poachers continued to catch the small bunting and sell it to local restaurants. France’s League for the Protection of Birds claimed that the ortolan population dropped 30 percent even after the ban, forcing the government to enact more stringent enforcement in 2007.

The killing of the rare bird is less controversial than the barbaric way in which it is killed. These birds are trapped during their migratory season and kept in covered cages. The ortolan eats more at night, so the covering the cages will encourage them to gorge on grain, to the point where their bodies double in size. It is said that ancient emperors would pluck out the birds’ eyes, tricking them to thinking it was night so that they would eat more. The ortolans are ultimately thrown alive into a vat of Armagnac, which both drowns and marinates them.[5]

France now strictly enforces the ban on killing ortolans. The killing, cooking, or smuggling of the bird anywhere in the European Union or the United States is currently a crime.

5.Casu Marzu

Photo credit: Studytub

Casu marzu, translated into English, means “rotten cheese,” and if the rotten part isn’t already bad enough, it’s also known as “maggot cheese.” This Sardinian cheese is typically soaked in brine, smoked, and left to ripen in a cheese cellar. Then cheese makers set it outside uncovered, allowing cheesing flies to lay eggs inside it.

The eggs hatch into maggots, which start feeding on the cheese. They produce enzymes that promote fermentation and cause fats within the cheese to decompose. The cheese becomes supersoft and leaves a burn on the tongue when eaten. Local Sardinians say the cheese is only good when the maggots are still moving. If the maggots are dead, then the cheese has gone bad and is too toxic for consumption.[6]

Casu marzu is not in compliance with European Union hygienic standards and has been declared illegal. It is also illegal in the United States because it is unpasteurized and has more than six mites per square inch. (The microscopic bugs live on the surface of aged cheese.)

4.Shark Fins

Photo credit: Lauren Smith

The act of shark finning was deemed illegal by the United States. Finning, the act of cutting off a shark’s fin, is one of the greatest threats that sharks face. After a shark is finned, it is thrown back in the sea, where it may drown, bleed to death, or be eaten by other animals.

There is a large market for shark fins to make shark fin soup, which is a popular and luxurious Asian dish. Shark fins are very popular in Asia and can be found in food stores, pharmacies, and fishing villages. The demand for the shark fins has led to sharks being targeted solely for their fins, but don’t expect to try that soup in the US anytime soon.[7]

3.Ackee Fruit

Ackee appears to be a very delightful and delicious fruit, but one must be very careful before eating. If the fruit is improperly eaten, it can cause vomiting or even lead to a coma or death. In Jamaica, the harmful effects of ackee fruit are known as Jamaican Vomiting Sickness.

The ackee fruit’s protective pod turns red and naturally opens, revealing the edible portion, which is the yellow arilli that surround the toxic black seeds. The fruit can be tried in Jamaica paired with codfish, which is a popular national dish.

The ackee fruit is originally native to West Africa but was brought to Jamaica in 1778. It is Jamaica’s national fruit. The FDA banned all ackee but would later allow the sales of frozen or canned ackee. The import of fresh ackee is still banned.[8]

2.Mirabelle Plum

Photo credit: Peavey

The mirabelle plum is the small, oval-shaped, and dark yellow fruit grown on a mirabelle plum tree. It is known to be sweet and full of flavor and is used in fruit preserves and dessert pies. The fruit can mostly be found in France, where 70 percent of the world’s mirabelle production occurs.

The production of the mirabelle plum has been supported since 1996 by a Protected Geographical Indication to help guarantee is authenticity.[9] It has been promoted as a high-quality regional product, and the protected origin designation makes it almost impossible to get this fruit into the US.

1.Kinder Surprise Chocolate Eggs

Kinder Surprise Chocolate Eggs are a widely popular candy sold across the world—except in the United States. There are more than 3.5 billion Kinder Surprise Eggs sold each year, with no help from US markets. The Kinder Surprise Egg is a hollow chocolate egg that holds a plastic capsule which contains a toy. The toy is usually a simple collectible, like a tiny bike or a miniature beach bucket and pail.

Kinder Surprise Eggs have always been illegal in the Unites States. A 1938 regulation made it illegal to sell any candy that contains a non-nutritive object. Despite efforts to import the chocolate egg into the US, the federal government has continued its ban and recalled the item each time it was introduced. If you haven’t been lucky enough to try it yet, don’t worry, because Kinder just announced this May that they will be selling a similar chocolate egg in the US market!

Kinder will introduce the Joy Egg, which is a more recent version that separates the toy from the chocolate, as it is comprised of two sealed halves. The new egg meets FDA regulations and is compliant with the Consumer Product Safety Commission. It won’t be exactly the same as the Kinder Surprise, but fans across the US will be able to get their fix.[10]


For Memorial Day, 15 Pictures That Honor U.S. Soldiers

For Memorial Day, 15 Pictures That Honor U.S. Soldiers

Military service comes in many forms: Storming a beach in Europe, cradling a child after a hurricane, sealing seams on barrage balloons.

REMEMBERING THE FALLENMembers of the American Red Cross lay flowers on military graves in France for Memorial Day in 1945.

AFTER THE STORMMarine David Ketcham cradles three-year old Jarvis Williams, whose house in Florida City, Florida, was damaged by Hurricane Andrew. The photo appeared on the cover of a 1993 issue of National Geographic.

HONOR IN BATTLEAfter being shot in the hip during battle, Sergeant William Carney of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment carried this U.S. flag back to Union lines. The photo of the Civil War veteran, who received the Medal of Honor, was taken in 1863.

OLD GLORYSailors fold the U.S. flag at the U.S.S. Arizona Memorial in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

WE CAN DO IT!Workers seal the seams of barrage balloons, which provided air protection from enemy attack. The photo appeared in a 1944 National Geographic article about women in the workforce during World War II.

WAR DECORATIONSAn American soldier shows off his World War I decorations, including a U.S. Medal of Honor and a French Croix de Guerre with palms. The photo appeared in a 1919 issue of National Geographic.

TOPPLING A RULERU.S. Marines and Iraqi civilians pull down a statue of Saddam Hussein in Baghdad, Iraq. This photo appeared in a 2003 issue of National Geographic.

STORMING THE BEACHMarines unload supplies after landing at Iwo Jima, Japan, during WWII. This photo appeared in a 1946 issue of National Geographic.

MIRROR IMAGEA man in uniform and a woman in civilian clothes rest at a New York City bus terminal in 1943.

HOME AGAINA soldier returns his home and family in Great Falls, Virginia after a tour of duty in 2005.

FRESH FROM THE FARMFarm women give fresh produce to traveling serviceman in North Platte, Nebraska. This photo appeared in a 1945 issue of National Geographic.

TEST FLIGHTA soldier flies a De Lackner Aerocycle in Fort Eustis, Virginia, in 1956. The Army never adopted these machines for combat because test pilots deemed them unsafe.

ON THE LOOKOUTA U.S. soldier searches for members of Al-Queda and the Taliban during Operation Valiant Guardian in Goranda, Afghanistan, in 2003.

HOMECOMING PARADEPresident Woodrow Wilson leads WWI soldiers through Washington, D.C., in a welcome home celebration in 1919.

IN THE LEADA 104-year-old WWII veteran serves as marshal of a 2012 Fourth of July Parade in Plymouth, Massachusetts.


After the Civil War, many Americans began to honor soldiers killed in the line of service with ceremonies in the spring, when flowers could be picked and laid on their graves. In 1868, a group of Union veterans established Decoration Day, the predecessor of Memorial Day, declared a Federal holiday by Congress in 1971.

Although Memorial Day has its roots in the Civil War, it now honors deceased veterans of all U.S. wars. This Memorial Day, we’ve compiled photos from 1863 to the present in recognition of the men and women who have served their country.




U.S. Map Shows How Many Millennials Live With Their Parents By State And HOLY SHIT It’s A Lot

U.S. Map Shows How Many Millennials Live With Their Parents By State And HOLY SHIT It’s A Lot

All this time I thought I was supposed to be the one who lived at home in his parents’ basement. Or at least that is what people kept saying when I started full-time blogging/writing/editing at Chaostrophic. Seriously, back in 2013, that was one of the biggest burns trolls on Facebook could muster, “have fun living in your parents’ basement.” Ouchie. That stings.

Since I was a victim of such harsh burns, I won’t sit here and rub it in the face of the 33% of American Millennials who do live at home with their parents. I am going to take the fucking high road. For the first time in my life.

Per Business Insider:

The US Census Bureau recently released a study on how young adulthood has changed between the 1970s and today. One of the main topics covered in the study was living situations.

In 1975, a 57% majority of young adults aged 18-34 lived with a spouse, while just 26% of adults lived in their parents’ home. In 2016, only 27% of young adults lived with a spouse, while the proportion of 18-34 year olds living with their parents went up to 31%, becoming the most common living situation.

As you can see from the map below, although 33% is the national average, a lot of states — NY, CT, NJ — are over 40%. New Jersey, is currently at 46.9%. SAD!


Top 10 Unbelievable Ways The CIA Experimented With Psychic Powers

Top 10 Unbelievable Ways The CIA Experimented With Psychic Powers

From 1978 to 1995, the Central Intelligence Agency ran a secret program called Stargate. Their goal was to create an army of what they called “psychic warriors”—men with superhuman abilities who could use their powers to look inside enemy bases, manipulate the physical world, and peer into the future.

This wasn’t just a few renegade kooks. The government funneled millions of dollars into the psychic warrior program. They used rigorous scientific methods to test whether these powers were real, and they were convinced enough that they put their psychics to work in hundreds of major field operations.

All of that might sound completely insane—but most of the Stargate reports call it a complete success. The CIA spent nearly 20 years working with psychics, and the results are enough to give even the staunchest of skeptics pause.


10Psychics Remotely Viewed Confidential Documents

The main way the CIA used psychics was for “remote viewing”—or, in other words, getting psychics to use their powers to look inside sealed envelopes and buildings. Early on, the CIA ran tests by putting pictures in sealed envelopes and asking psychics to describe them. Their answers were eerily accurate.

These psychics could do some incredible things. The CIA managed to send a long-distance message to a psychic by writing it on a piece of paper, which the psychic—from another building—managed to read word for word. In another experiment, the CIA had a computer in a shielded room generate a random line of 1s and 0s, which some of the psychics could accurately reproduce.

The CIA even had the psychics go through classified CIA documents. The psychics would describe the buildings where the documents were stored, the color of the books, the topics, the lengths, and even the people who had written them. Their descriptions, the papers report, were “surprisingly accurate.” One even described a construction team that was working in the building.

“Remote viewing is a real phenomenon,” the CIA concluded after its tests. And they were pretty sure they could use it to look at their enemy’s classified documents. Psychic warriors, their report concluded, have “application potential.”

9A Psychic Described The History Of Mars

In 1984, the CIA ran an experiment that was supposed to expose the psychics as frauds. The CIA asked a psychic to remotely view the location on a card. But instead of putting a place on Earth, the agents wrote, “The Planet Mars. 1 million years BC.”

They likely expected their subject to make a fool of himself by describing buildings and trees. But instead, the psychic started describing pyramid-shaped objects, obelisks, ragged mountainsides, and an odd-looking Sun. The mountains were “yellowish, ah . . . okra-colored,” the psychic said, repeatedly struggling with his confusion at what he was seeing. “The scale seems to be off or something. It’s just really big, everything’s big.”

When they asked the psychic to go even further back in time, he started describing large, thin people wearing strange clothes. He followed them into a place that looked like the inside of a large boat, with “very rounded walls and shiny metal.”

They’re dying,” the psychic said. “They’re looking for ah . . . a way to survive and they just can’t.” Their environment had started to deteriorate, and they had sent out people to find a new place to live. But now they could only wait for their people to return.

“Oh God, this is difficult,” the psychic eventually let out, frustrated and confused by what he was seeing. “It’s all very cosmic. It’s like space pictures.”


8The CIA Contacted Police Psychics

When police officers started consulting psychics to solve crimes, the CIA was interested. While most of the world ridiculed these cops, the CIA took them seriously. After all, this was a chance to get a new perspective on their experiments.

CIA-funded researchers called these police officers and ran a study on their results. Eight out of 11 officers who had used psychics, the report said, were given “otherwise unknown information which was helpful to the case.” In three cases, they claimed that the psychics had found missing bodies.

The researchers wrote a guide on how to use psychics based on what the police told them. Psychic comments were general and had to be interpreted, they warned. Still, they recommended that psychics should be put to use. Psychics, the guide recommends, should be used when you need to decide which lead to focus on and when you need to find a missing person.

7The CIA Used Psychics In Major Hostage Crises

Photo credit: britannica.com

The psychic warriors were used in real operations. By 1983, the CIA had already conducted 700 missions involving psychics, and according to the reports, their information was accurate 85 percent of the time. That made the psychics just as accurate as every other information-gathering technique at the CIA’s disposal.

During the Iran hostage crisis, psychic warriors were asked to use remote viewing powers to check in on the hostages. The CIA had the psychics describe where the hostages were being held and what they were doing. Then the CIA would compare these findings to what they later learned firsthand.

When Colonel William R. Higgins was kidnapped in Lebanon, psychics identified where he was being held and described the buildings in the town. They reported on his captors’ movements—all before the CIA actually found them.

The CIA doesn’t seem to have acted on the information. Higgins was killed by his captors. When his body was found, though, the CIA found out that their psychics had been right about where he was being held.

6Experiments In Telekinesis

The CIA didn’t stop at remote viewing. They were also interested in telekinetic powers and teleportation. While there’s less declassified information available on these experiments, they seem to have made some major breakthroughs.

The CIA conducted and funded several experiments testing stage magician Uri Geller’s ability to use psychic powers. In their most controlled test with their most skeptical scientist, they still reported that Geller could bend a strip of metal by 10 degrees.

But they didn’t just look at him. The CIA brought in other psychics, too, including a 13-year-old boy named Stephen who came in with his parents. Stephen, like Geller, was able to bend aluminum with his mind, and the CIA ran scientific tests on how the metal had shifted. In another experiment, the CIA found that Jean-Pierre Girard could use his mind to change the thickness of a strip of metal without even bending the metal.


5The Superhuman Phasing Powers Of Zhang Baosheng

Photo credit: icrosschina.com

When the CIA heard that a Chinese man named Zhang Baosheng claimed to have supernatural powers, they took an interest. Zhang Baosheng claimed that he had the ability to move objects through walls without breaking the walls. He was tested, both in America and in China, and the scientists filmed it.

In one experiment, scientists put drug tablets inside a sealed bottle and asked Zhang to get them out. Zhang stared at the bottle. It started shaking viciously enough that the tablets broke in half. Then, suddenly, without the seal ever breaking, every tablet was outside of the bottle.

They filmed him with a camera that filmed 400 frames per second. When they slowed the film down, they found a single, 1/400th of a second frame that shows a tablet sticking halfway out the side of the bottle, somehow moving through the glass without breaking it.

“After such penetrations, the microscopic structure and properties of the objects do not show any observable changes,” the CIA reported. “The experiment demonstrated that Mr. Zhang Baosheng possesses paranormal abilities.”

4Faith Healers Produce An Aura Of Heat

Photo credit: BBC

In the CIA archives is a letter, translated from Russian, that claims that faith healers might be real.

The letter talks about “Kirlian photography,” a process developed by Semyon Kirlian. If you place an object on a photographic plate and connect it to a source of high voltage, Kirlian discovered, it will leave an image that is surrounded by an electric halo.

Some treat that halo like something mystical and claim that it shows someone’s aura or qi. But generally, it’s believed to be a far more natural electrical process.

The CIA’s letter, though, suggests that it might be more than natural. It claims that a faith healer named A. Krivorotov visited Kirlian and let Kirlian try his technique on the faith healer. Krivorotov healed people by laying hands on them. When Kirlian tested Krivorotov, the electric halo that surrounded his finger was multiple times bigger and more colorful than any Kirlian had ever seen.

In another test, Krivorotov’s hands were found to have 3–5 times the electrical resistance of a normal person. And when he put his hands near somebody, they produced a heat of about 50 degrees Celsius (122 °F).

Spiritual healers, the writer concluded, might have a scientific explanation. Krivorotov seemed to have an increased electrical field around him that naturally generated heat. That field, they speculated, might have the power to change the processes inside an organism.

3Solar Flares Influence Psychic Abilities

A six-year study was conducted to find out whether electromagnetics could strengthen somebody’s psychic powers. The CIA tried everything, from measuring changes in the stars to having their psychics stand next to the microwave. But they found the biggest results in solar flares.

There was a direct, significant correlation in the success rates of CIA psychic experiments and the activity of the Sun. Sunspots proved to have a small, difficult-to-predict effect. There was a bigger one, though, with solar flares.

On the day that a solar flare occurred, the psychic warriors typically did their worst. For that day, they would fumble through clumsy and inaccurate predictions, with tons of errors in their answers. The next day, though, they would do better than ever. Twenty-four hours after the flare was over, the psychics would get an extra perceptual boost and hit the best scores they’d get.

2CIA Psychics Predicted The Future

The psychic warriors didn’t just look at what was going on right now. Some of them were able to predict what was going to happen in the future—and the CIA actually used fortune-telling psychics in military operations.

They would have their psychics look at a future day in a specific place, describe what they saw, and compare their results to what really happened. A lot of these experiments are still classified. But in the most detailed one available, a psychic describes his targets transporting “tube-type objects” into a secret base and camouflaging them. The description of the base itself was called a “very good hit,” while the tubes are listed as unconfirmed but “plausible.”

The CIA used these psychics in Operation Desert Storm, too. There, a psychic correctly predicted when air strikes would begin and when it would rain. The psychic even predicted the Iraqi incursion of Saudi Arabia 15 days before it happened.

1The Russians And The Chinese Were Also Doing It

The CIA declassified most of its Stargate documents, and so we can report on everything they did. But that doesn’t mean this was just an American thing. The Soviets and the Chinese were conducting psychic experiments of their own, and they might have even more to share than the Americans do.

The Soviets actually started psychic experiments before the Americans, and the CIA only started looking into it when Jimmy Carter ordered them to find out what Soviet psychics could do. The CIA experiments began by trying to find out what the Soviets already knew and catch up with them.

The Soviets, it seems, were actually more involved in psychic warfare than the Americans were. We don’t know as much about their research, but there’s reason to believe that Soviet intelligence did far more than the CIA’s Stargate Program.

Even the Chinese have a group called the “All-China Paranormal Physical Abilities Joint Testing Group,” and it’s reasonable to believe that other governments were also running their own experiments.

There’s no telling what secrets are still locked in those programs or how seriously we should take all these reports. But one thing’s clear: During the Cold War, psychic warriors weren’t a joke or a fairy tale for the world’s superpower. They were serious, real weapons of war.

Here's The Pentagon's Footage Of The MOAB Being Dropped In Afghanistan AND 11 MOAB Facts

Here's The Pentagon's Footage Of The MOAB Being Dropped In Afghanistan AND 11 MOAB Facts

At 7:32 p.m. local time in the Nangarhar Province of Afghanistan on Thursday, an earth-rocking Massive Ordnance Air Blast Bomb (MOAB) was dropped out of the back of a U.S. Air Force MC-130 aircraft.

Here's The Pentagon's Footage Of The MOAB Being Dropped In Afghanistan


The Mother of All Bombs is said to have killed 36 ISIS militants who were in a tunnel and cave complex in eastern Afghanistan. The Pentagon released video of the moment the gigantic and powerful GBU-43 bomb detonated.


President Donald Trump, who authorized the attack, called the bombing a “very, very successful mission.”

“As [ISIS’] losses have mounted, they are using IEDs, bunkers, and tunnels to thicken their defense,” Gen. John Nicholson, commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, said in a statement. “This is the right munition to reduce these obstacles and maintain the momentum of our offensive against [ISIS].”

Here are some facts about the MOAB:

  • First tested in 2003 at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida in 2003, but hadn’t been used in combat until Thursday
  • Air Force officials said the blast of the test sent a cloud of dust 10,000-feet into the air and a mushroom cloud could be seen from 20 miles away
  • Developed as an Air Force Research Laboratory technology project in 2002 for use in Iraq
  • Largest non-nuclear bomb in the U.S. military’s arsenal
  • The thermobaric bomb is 30-feet-long and a diameter of 40.5-inch
  • Weighs 21,600 pounds and is packed with 18,000 pounds of explosives
  • The explosive yield is 0.018 kilotons, a typical nuclear yield is 10-180 kilotons
  • 40% more powerful than it’s predecessor, the Daisy Cutter from the Vietnam War era, which was dropped on the Tora Bora cave complex where Osama Bin Laden was thought to be hiding in 2001
  • It is a smart bomb with wings and grid fins for guidance as well as GPS
  • It is an air-blast bomb that will explode 6-feet from the ground to cause overpressure in all directions
  • The Air Force is said to have as many as 20 MOABs

Here is video of the Mother of All Bombs in action from the 2013 test.

Half Of Americans Have HPV

Half Of Americans Have HPV

You have nearly the same odds of flipping a coin and getting tails as you do with having sex with someone who has HPV. Pretty good betting odds.

The National Center for Health Statistics revealed alarming new data on just how prevalent HPV is among Americans. Using human papillomavirus tests from 2011 through 2014, they found that revealed that nearly half of men and 40 percent of women carry some kind of genital HPV. Overall, 42.5 percent of adults ages 18 to 59 have genital HPV. The NCHS believes that about 25 percent of men and 20 percent of women had strains that have been proven to carry a higher risk of cancer. There are more than 150 HPV viruses, but in most cases, the infection goes away without treatment.

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States with about 14 million new genital HPV infections each year. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that more than 90 percent of men and 80 of women will be infected with at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives.

From Cancer.gov:

Low-risk HPVs, which do not cause cancer but can cause skin warts (technically known as condylomata acuminata) on or around the genitals and anus. For example, HPV types 6 and 11 cause 90% of all genital warts. HPV types 6 and 11 also cause recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, a less common disease in which benign tumors grow in the air passages leading from the nose and mouth into the lungs. High-risk HPVs, which can cause cancer. About a dozen high-risk HPV types have been identified. Two of these, HPV types 16 and 18, are responsible for most HPV-caused cancers.

Vaccinations against HPV first became available in 2006, which was given to kids before they became sexually active.

HPV is caused from skin-to-skin contact, so condoms don’t necessarily prevent the spread of the infection. Here’s how you can lower your chances of getting HPV.

But it sounds like you’re going to get HPV no matter what. So enjoy!


US Presidents And Their Little-Known 'Firsts' Among Their Peers

US Presidents And Their Little-Known 'Firsts' Among Their Peers

For instance, John Quincy Adams was the first ever president to be photographed and Obama was the first to write his own email.



The .gif appears blurry but it’s from actual recording of an F-18 landing in the fog.

10 Lethal American Highwaymen History Forgot About

10 Lethal American Highwaymen History Forgot About

Highwaymen were the pirates of the land, robbing travelers along public roads leaving a path of terror in their wake. The following ten tales focus specifically on American highwaymen whose monstrous and murderous deeds throughout history have, until now, seamlessly faded from present day literature.


10.The Doan Brothers

Between 1781 and 1788, the Doan brothers terrorized eastern Pennsylvania with a string of robberies, shootouts, and jailbreaks in what many historians claim was the result of retribution. Prior to their criminal ways, the brothers were Quakers until the Patriots confiscated their father’s land during the American Revolutionary War. In retaliation, the siblings began a life of debauchery and crime, ultimately forming a gang consisting of at least thirty men.

One of the gang’s biggest heists was the Newtown Treasury in which they made off with £1,307. None of the money was ever recovered. Unfortunately for the Doan brothers, their years of luck would soon run out. The oldest sibling, Moses, was shot and killed by authorities, while Levi Doan and Cousin Abraham were hanged in Philadelphia. The three remaining brothers managed to escape; Mahon is theorized to have sailed to England following his break-out from a Baltimore jail while Aaron and Joseph headed north to Canada.

9.Ben Kuhl

The last horse drawn stage robbery in the United States was on December 5, 1916, outside Jarbidge, Nevada. Fred Searcy, the driver of the first-class mail stage, was found shot in the back of the head with the culprits fleeing with $4,000 in gold coins.

Police later discovered, in the vicinity of the crime, a discarded black overcoat and a bloody envelope. The coat was recognized by townspeople to have belonged to Ben Kuhl, a troubled drifter with a lengthy rap sheet. Kuhl was tracked down and arrested along with three of his friends, one of whom would testify against him. In addition to countless testimony from several witnesses, the most damaging piece of evidence was the envelope containing the bloody palm print. For the first time in American history, palm prints were entered into court evidence, and this led to the Kuhl’s conviction and sentence of death.

After his death sentence had been commuted to life imprisonment, Kuhl was released at the age of 61 in April 1943. He would die of tuberculosis only one year later.


8.Joseph Thompson Hare

In 1790, Joseph Hare traveled from Pennsylvania to New Orleans upon where he befriended three men who shared the same conniving and murderous ways as he. On the men’s voyage back north, the four robbed and murdered countless peddlers and farmers while disguising themselves in a horrific fashion; smearing their faces with dark berries, allowing for a bloody and grotesque appearance guaranteed to cast fear. Throughout their coarse journey, they would encounter and trade with Indians, as well as obtain counterfeit passports for which they would be jailed by the Spaniards as American spies.
Following their early release, Hare began experiencing ghostly hallucinations on the wooded trails of the country, at one point witnessing a “magnificent white horse.” The apparition stopped Hare in his tracks long enough—following a recent crime in which he was in pursuit by a vigilante posse—that he was captured and spent the next five years in prison. Following his release, Hare declared himself a changed man. Despite his newfound sense of self, he was arrested the following year for the robbery of a Baltimore night mail coach. For this crime, Hare was hanged in front of a crowd of 1,500 people on September 10, 1818.

7.Michael Martin

In Ireland 1816, 20-year-old Michael Martin was offered a “partnership” by a man he met at a tavern who went by the name, Captain Thunderbolt. Thunderbolt saw potential in Martin who was an exceptionally fast runner, thus, dubbed him “Captain Lightfoot”. Armed with brass pistols, Thunderbolt and Lightfoot began robbing wealthy highway travelers, never once stealing from women or the poor. Their chivalrous thievery brought the two all over Ireland, Scotland, and England until the day Martin made the journey to the United States, never again seeing his mentor Captain Thunderbolt. In America, Martin began his old ways by robbing unsuspecting people as he traveled throughout the East Coast.

Martin’s last highway victims were a Boston dignitary Major Bray and his wife. Following the robbery of $12, Martin made off into the night but was soon captured by authorities. While in prison, Martin viciously attacked a jailor which allowed him to escape and flee to the countryside. He was eventually recaptured in Springfield, and in 1821 he became the first and last person to be hanged in Massachusetts for highway robbery.

6.James Ford

For a man who served respectable offices—Tennessee delegate, county Sheriff, justice of the peace, Captain of the Livingston County Cavalry, and overseer of the poor—James Ford was the epitome of service to his respected communities, yet what lay underneath the facade was a dark and sinister man.

Of the many talents Ford possessed, he was a well-skilled ferry operator who worked the streams of the infamous Cave-in-Rock waters. Ford, who has been described as “Satan’s Ferryman,” was nothing more than a skilled counterfeiter turned murderous river pirate known for creating the “Ford’s Ferry Gang”; a cast of degenerates who preyed on travelers passing through the vicinity.

Ford’s gang of hoodlums would ravage and murder the region for the better part of the 1820s until their reign of terror came to a sudden and unforeseen halt. In 1833, a mob of unknown vigilantes took the law into their own hands and assassinated the gang leader bringing to an end a decade of violence and death.


5.The Potts Inn

Even after the death of James Ford, lawlessness continued along the Ford’s Ferry High Water Road, only now the unsuspecting victims would first be made to feel right at home. Potts Springs was the location of Potts Inn, a quaint residence where travelers seeking food and lodging could lay their heads for the night.

The Inn was owned and operated by none other than husband and wife, Isaiah and Polly Potts who primarily catered to ferry goers. Whether renting a room for the night or merely stopping by the Inn’s tavern while passing through, the Potts would murder their guests and bury their remains in a shallow grave. In fact, one did not even have to be a guest of the murderous couple to fall prey, given that many travelers were killed along the route leading to the Inn. It is said that the Potts’ long lost son, Billy, was lured to the tavern and murdered, all the while both parties never recognizing one another.

4.David Lewis

Soon after enlisting in the Army at the age of 17, David Lewis became a deserter. Escaping the death sentence bestowed by the Military Court, Lewis broke from the shackles of the ball and chain. He would soon make his way to Vermont where he embarked on a new trade, counterfeiting.

Following his second imprisonment, Lewis escaped with the help of his future bride, Melinda. After relocating his operations out of the Doubling Gap Hotel, Lewis focused his sights on the city’s elite, robbing those he assumed would bring in the highest amount. After a profitable succession of robbing the wagons of wealthy travelers, the “Robin Hood of Pennsylvania” was in due course wounded and captured. In the end, gangrene infested his wounds and he died in jail in 1820.

3.Henry Plummer

In 1856, Henry Plummer was elected sheriff of Nevada City, California and served two terms before he was convicted of second-degree murder for killing his mistress’ husband. Having served only six months in San Quentin before being pardoned by the governor, Plummer returned to Nevada City, this time he was elected to Assistant Marshal. Avoiding prosecution for killing a man in a whorehouse brawl, Plummer fled in 1861, ultimately settling in Idaho where he took up with a gang of highwaymen.

Due to his influence, the gang became known as “The Innocence” who robbed and murdered travailing miners. In 1863, “The Innocence” followed Plummer to Bannack, Montana, where he was elected sheriff. While in office, Plummer ran an effective and deadly criminal ring, providing his henchmen with the routes of gold shipments, as well as their protection, all the while the gang ran rampant in Bannack without the fear of ramification. After the robbery and murder of more than 100 locals, a team of nearly 2,000 settlers turned vigilantes captured and hanged a weeping Plummer and two of his men on the same gallows the crooked sheriff had prepared for another.

2.Samuel Mason

The infamous shelter for roaming highwaymen, Cave-in-Rock, became a temporary respite for Samuel Mason in 1797. The Ohio River, situated on the Illinois-Kentucky border, was the site of Mason’s criminal headquarters. He murdered all who trespassed through his waters. Mason’s river piracies involved setting up a sign near the cave that read “Liquor Vault and House of Entertainment,” leading many unsuspecting victims into a deathtrap.

Once aground, any and all were murdered by Mason’s heinous band of criminals, in addition to the countless who were attracted to shore due to the beautiful “stranded” women hired by Mason. The bodies of the dead were gutted and filled and with rocks so they would sink to the bottom of the river, while all valuables were sold in New Orleans.

After Mason and his accomplices were detained by Spanish authorities in 1803, they escaped en route to Tennessee after murdering the commander overseeing their transport to American territory. Because of this, the bounty on Mason’s head substantially increased, leading one of his gang affiliates to take note. In July 1803, Mason’s head was cut off by his trusted criminal associate, Little Harpe, who brought it back to Mississippi to claim the reward.

1.The Harpe Brothers

The Harpe Brothers are often referred to as America’s first true serial killers. Regardless of the assessments factuality, Micajah (“Big Harpe”) and Wiley (“Little Harpe”) left an endless trail of mutilated corpses throughout Kentucky and Tennessee, casting fear in the hearts of frontier families. They murdered not for financial gain, but for the love of the sport. Their lust for death proved even too much for fellow outlaws to bear, casting the brothers out of the Cave-in-Rock territory. Nevertheless, they continued their murderous spree of torture and disembowelment, with no discrimination pertaining to age, gender, or race. No one was spared. Their victim count is estimated to be between 25 to 50, although the actual number has never been known.

Big Harpe met his end from the blade of a tomahawk in July 1799. Subsequently, he was decapitated, and his head was fixed to a tree where it remained for ten years. Little Harpe escaped authorities and later joined the forces of Samuel Mason’s gang. After beheading Mason, Little Harpe strolled into town with the intention to claim his rightful reward only to be immediately recognized by officials. Consequently, Little Harpe was arrested and hanged in 1804.


School District Is First In US To Adopt This World Map

School District Is First In US To Adopt This World Map

The Boston school system says it is the first in the US to adopt a world map that shows how big countries really are in relation to each other, unlike the one most of us grew up with. The Gall-Peters projection, first published in 1974, gets rid of the distortion seen in the Mercator projection devised by Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569, the Guardian reports. His map made navigation along colonial trade routes easier, but it puts Germany in the middle (because it moved the equator) and makes Greenland the same size as Africa, when it is 14 times smaller. The Mercator projection also made Europe and North America seem bigger than they really are, a distortion that the Gall-Peters map corrects.

The Mercator projection.

Boston Public Schools spokesman Colin Rose says the introduction of the new map is part of an effort "to decolonize the curriculum" in the system's 125 schools. "The Mercator projection is a symbolic representation that put Europe at the center of the world," he says. "And when you continue to show images of the places where people's heritage is rooted that is not accurate, that has an effect on students." He says the new maps are being phased in and instead of being removed, the Mercator maps will be left next to the Gall-Peters ones to let students see the differences. Boston's WBUR notes that the school map controversy featured in a West Wing episode.

The Gall-Peters projection.


Watching Cable News In A Bathrobe And Holding Meetings In The Dark — 9 Bizarre Descriptions Of The Trump White House

Watching Cable News In A Bathrobe And Holding Meetings In The Dark — 9 Bizarre Descriptions Of The Trump White House

Several recent reports citing anonymous sources have sought to shed light on the day-to-day operations of the new White House.

President Donald Trump has been in office for 21 days, and while he's made sweeping changes to the government, his life has been upended as well.

A New York Times report published Sunday by Glenn Thrush and Maggie Haberman offers one of the most detailed accounts of how Trump spends his days — and especially his nights. The president on Monday called the article a "total fiction" on Twitter.

Here are nine of the most bizarre details we gleaned from The Times' report and other stories about Trump's White House.

Since his wife, Melania, and their young son, Barron, are still living in New York, Trump spends most of his nights alone, typically retiring to the residence by 6:30 p.m.

He apparently had a larger TV installed in the presidential dining room so he can watch cable news during lunch.

President Barack Obama has lunch with Defense Secretary Robert Gates in the Oval Office Private Dining Room on February 11, 2011. You can see his tiny TV in the background.

Official White House Photo by Pete Souza

Source: New York Times


The Times also suggested Trump watches more cable news in his bathrobe, upstairs and alone in the White House at night.


Source: New York Times


Trump's aides had meetings in the dark because they couldn't figure out how to use the light switches in the Cabinet Room.

Obama holds a Cabinet meeting on November 23, 2009 — with the lights on.

Source: New York Times


Trump redecorated the Oval Office in his personal style, swapping Obama's crimson curtains for gold ones.

From left: Vice President Mike Pence, President Donald Trump, Chief of Staff Reince Priebus, White House Trade Council head Peter Navarro, and senior adviser Jared Kushner.

See Obama's Oval Office »


He kept the Resolute Desk, though, which presidents have used since first lady Jackie Kennedy placed it in the Oval Office for her husband. It was a gift from Queen Victoria.


Source: Associated Press


Though media reports were a bit confused at first on the bust situation in the Oval Office, Trump kept one of Martin Luther King Jr. that Obama added, and he brought in one of Winston Churchill.

British Prime Minister Theresa May and Trump in the Oval Office on January 27. The bust of Winston Churchill is between them.

Source: Washington Post


Trump replaced Obama's circular "quote rug," which featured famous quotes from former presidents around its edge, with a golden carpet that appears to be the same design as the "sunburst" rug George W. Bush had.

Trump speaks on the phone with Russian President Vladimir Putin on January 28.

Source: AP


Trump selected a portrait of Andrew Jackson, the nation's first populist president, to hang in the Oval Office.

Trump speaks on the phone with Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull. Jackson's painting is behind him.

Source: New York Times


16 Signs You've 'Made It' In America

16 Signs You've 'Made It' In America

The American Dream has transformed over time.

To find out what it means to Americans today, personal-budgeting company You Need A Budget and market-research company OnePoll surveyed the financial aspirations of 2,000 Americans.

The result is a list of 30-plus signs that indicate achievement of the modern American Dream, ranging from paying for a Netflix account to shopping at Whole Foods to owning a second home.

Below, find 16 signs from the survey that you've "made it." And remember: Just like the Dream has evolved over time, it also varies from person to person. Whether or not you've truly "made it" isn't about your car or travel schedule. It's completely up to you.

You own property valued between $1 million and $2 million.

Homeownership in the US fell to a multi-decade low in July 2016. Less than 63% of Americans owned a home, potentially in part due to millennials prioritizing paying significant loans for their education over buying property.

Among those who do own a home, many don't know how its value changes over time, according to a 2015 Zillow survey. If seven-figure property signifies the American Dream to you, make sure you know what your home is worth (and what could trash its value).


You have $7,425 in your checking account.

Surveyed Americans said maintaining $7,425 in their checking account was a sign of success.

According to certified financial planner Sophia Bera, the right amount to keep in your checking really depends on how much you make.

"A good rule of thumb is to keep at least one month of net pay in your checking at all times. Look for a checking account with no monthly fee and no minimum balance. Even better, find an account that reimburses ATM fees from other banks," Bera wrote on Business Insider, adding that it's smart to keep your checking and savings at different banks to avoid the temptation to dip into one or the other.


You go on at least two annual trips abroad.

While Americans collectively leave hundreds of millions of vacation days on the table every year, survey participants agreed that embarking on at least two trips abroad annually is a sign of achieving the American Dream.

And increasingly, they want those vacations to have value.

An American Express Travel survey of US adults earning $100,000 or more revealed that 81% of Americans are seeking deeper and more personalized experiences abroad, while 73% "said they would be willing to exceed their budget to have a unique local experience when they travel, and more than half said they would splurge to enjoy the cuisine of a particular destination."


You own a car worth at least $38,000.

There are several differences between owning and leasing a car, but surveyed Americans tended to associate luxury car ownership with status.

Entrepreneur contributor Neil Patel explains it well:

"There's something ridiculously awesome about driving around in a Ferrari or a McLaren. You will absolutely turn heads. These cars are flashy, loud and powerful. You've 'made it,' and have the goods to prove it. You're sexy, and you know it."

In 2016, it costs just under $8,600 — the lowest amount in six years due to falling gas prices — to own and operate a car in the US, according to an AAA study.

And remember: A car starts losing value the moment you drive it off the lot.

You have a household income of at least $185,000.

Surveyed Americans agreed that an annual household income of $185,000 is the benchmark for success. That's more than three times the national median household income of $56,516, according to a recent US Census report.

For comparison purposes, the income threshold required to be in the 1% of earners across the country is $389,436 pre-tax.


You have $35,000 worth of savings.

Financial planners suggest putting enough money in a savings account earmarked as an emergency fund to cover at least six months' worth of living expenses. This number varies by household. If your expenses are about $5,800 a month, then $35,000 is right on the mark.

If your monthly expenses are far less than that, you should be investing your savings overflowsomeplace that will give you a return, like your 401(k) or IRA retirement fund, or the stock market.


You have a holiday home.

While you don't have to be a multi-millionaire to own a second home, it does require extra time, maintenance, and, of course, money. "It's two of everything," luxury real estate expert Shane Herbert of Park City, Utah, previously told Business Insider. "Two tax payments, two insurance payments, having to pay someone to cut the lawn twice.


You don't have to worry if there are enough funds in your account.

According to a 2015 American Psychological Association survey, money remained the leading stressor for American adults. It's no wonder, then, that not having to worry about the amount of money in your accounts would be a sign of achieving the American Dream.

Bestselling author of "The Automatic Millionaire" shares his best advice to "never have to worry about money" again: Save one hour a day of your income. Suppose you make $50,000 annually and you work a full-time job, 40 hours a week. You'll be paid for about 2,080 hours of work in a year, equaling roughly $25 per hour. Bank that much each day, and you'll be golden, according to Bach.

You are able to go on weekend trips.

A weekend getaway — whether alone or with friends — is incredibly valuable for recharging and recalibrating.

According to survey participants, Americans who can afford to clear their busy schedules and fork over extra cash for travel, accommodations, and entertainment, are a shining example of the American Dream.


You are debt-free.

Debt comes in many forms. Credit card and consumer debt in particular can ruin your credit score and affect insurance rates and real estate prospects for years to come.

The first question to ask yourself if you're faced with debt is how you got there in the first place, John Gajkowski, a certified financial planner at Money Managers Financial, previously told Business Insider.

He continued:

"Was it a one-off type of thing? Was it a medical expense you weren't ready for? Or was it your lifestyle? If you have a $60,000 lifestyle and a job that only produces $50,000 in income, you're always going to be in debt, so you either have to modify your lifestyle or change careers to earn the money for the lifestyle you want to create. A lot of people never come to that realization."

While it usually takes years to pay back student loans and mortgages, once you're free of high-interest credit card debt, any extra earnings can go directly toward savings, helping you build wealth and prepare for retirement.


You are able to buy the latest gadget.

Bestselling author David Bach told Business Insider about troubling research from the Federal Reserve that revealed nearly half of Americans wouldn't have enough money on hand to cover a $400 emergency. Yet, Bach continued, millions of those people will buy a coffee at Starbucks today and expect to buy the new $800 iPhone next year.

Thus, being able to actually afford the latest and greatest — without dipping into savings or leaning on a credit card — is considered a sign of the American Dream, according to survey takers.


You are able to hire a home cleaner.

Delegating — or outsourcing — tasks is a habit of some of the most successful people. They know when to hire people to take care of tasks, or even chores, that they otherwise wouldn't have the time to get done, so they can devote themselves wherever they're most needed.

You are able to pick up tab after a night out with friends.

Though you should expect to split the check evenly if you're out to dinner with friends — regardless of who ordered the most expensive dish or fancy cocktails — it's considered by survey takers to be a sign of financial stability, and surely a welcome gesture, if you can afford to pick up the tab at the end of the night.


Your children are in private school.

According to PrivateSchoolReview.com, the average private elementary tuition for 2016-2017 is $8,522 a year. The average private high school tuition is $12,953 a year, with the most expensive in the US skirting $50,000 a year.


You have flown first class.

Flying first class has long been associated with status, glamour, and luxury — and it has the price tag to prove why.

Upgrading to first class can cost anywhere from hundreds to thousands to tens of thousands of dollars, but those who can afford it will be delighted by amenities like lay-flat beds, personal butlers, multi-course menus, private suites, showers, and complimentary toiletries. Whether you've flown in style just once before, or do so regularly, surveyed Americans see it as a sign you've made it.


15 Actors You Didn’t Know Weren’t American

15 Actors You Didn’t Know Weren’t American

Some stars make it big in Hollywood without ever disguising their non-American heritage. Christoph Waltz continues to play characters that hail from Germany and Austria. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s accent is so thick that not even his biceps can compete with it. These stars have carved out a niche for themselves in Hollywood so that they don’t need to conform to roles– the role conforms to them.

But some actors genuinely surprise us when we find out they weren’t born and raised in the United States. Pulling off a proper American accent is half the battle, and shying away from TV interviews also has a lot to do with it. But a lot of the time, the characters are so iconically American that the actor becomes synonymous with the performance, tricking us into believe that they were American all along. After all, isn’t that what a great performance is supposed to do? So it’s no mistake that many of these actors are working at the top of their class.

Here are 15 Actors You Didn’t Know Weren’t American.


Michael Fassbender is one of those actors who can believably slide into any accent and time period without giving the audience pause. Since his feature film debut in 2007, Fassbender has played a Spartan warrior in 300, a WWII British Lieutenant in Inglourious Basterds, a humanoid robot in Prometheus, and Magneto in the X-Men series. His ability to swap accents made Fassbender the ideal casting choice for the upcoming Assassin’s Creed film adaptation, in which his character is literally transported back in time to the Spanish Inquisition. Since Fassbender has donned a convincing American accent in a number of his films, including The Counselor and Steve Jobs, it’s reasonable to think the actor was born and raised in the States. However, Fassbender has a diverse background that has undoubtedly aided him in portraying an eclectic range of characters.

Fassbender is of German and Irish nationality. He was raised in the Republic of Ireland but also spent his summers in Germany, where he learned to fluently speak the language. At the age of 17, Fassbender moved to London, where he continued to hone his acting skills on the stage. In addition to his work in Hollywood, Fassbender continues to work on lower-budget European films. In fact, the actor still resides in Hackney, London, where he lives in the same apartment that he’s had since the 1990s.


Though she doesn’t have a discernible accent, the first language that Charlize Theron learned to speak was actually Afrikaans, which is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. Theron was born in Benoni, South Africa and grew up on a farm outside of Johannesburg. At the age of 16, Theron won a modeling contract and moved with her mother to Italy and eventually New York City. While pursing a career as a professional dancer, Theron suffered knee injuries and ultimately decided to fly to Los Angeles to become an actress.

Since the beginning of her career in Hollywood, Theron has actively protested against being cast as mere eye-candy, and today she often portrays rugged and forbidding characters. Her dramatic transformation and performance as real life murderer Aileen Wuornos earned Theron an Academy Award for Best Actress in 2003, and in just the last two years alone Theron has made an appearance in five feature films, including Mad Max: Fury Road and The Hunstman: Winter’s War.

Theron obtained her dual US-South African citizenship in 2007.


Nathan Fillion is best known for playing Richard Castle in eight seasons of the hit ABC series Castle, but many came to love him years earlier during his first leading role as Captain Malcolm Reynolds in the Joss Whedon cult hit series Firefly. Though Captain Reynolds was born and raised on the planet Shadow, Fillion was actually brought up in Edmonton, Alberta in Canada.

Fillion attended both high school and college in Alberta before moving to New York City in the mid ’90s to pursue a career in acting. He landed the role of Joey Buchanan on the hit soap opera One Life to Live, followed by a bit part in the World War II epic Saving Private Ryan, where he played the other Pvt. James Ryan, who spends a majority of his time on screen balling his eyes out. Fillion also works as a voice actor by providing his silky and often sardonic tone to portray various characters in animated superhero movies. The actor is slated to make a cameo appearance in Guardians of the Galaxy 2, out May 5, 2017.


Despite having almost no discernible accent, Malin Akerman was actually born in Stockholm, Sweden and continues to speak Swedish today. In addition to English and her native language, Akerman is impressively fluent in French and Spanish as well. Akerman moved to Canada at a young age, but continued to visit her father in her home country following her parents’ divorce. She currently holds dual Swedish and Canadian citizenship.

Initially not interested in acting, Akerman was able to land a number of modeling jobs that helped her pay for her education while she was studying to become a child psychologist. However, as her exposure increased she eventually decided to drop out of college and pursue acting full time. Akerman is best known for her roles in The Proposal, Childrens Hospital, and Watchmen, where she dyed her signature Swedish blonde hair brown for her portrayal of Silk Spectre II in Zack Snyder’s adaptation of the iconic graphic novel.


Keanu Reeves has a diverse background which includes English, Native Hawaiian, Chinese and Portuguese ancestry. Though Reeves was born on September 2, 1964 in Beirut, Lebanon, he is actually a Canadian citizen via naturalization. Keanu spent much of his childhood living in various parts of the world, including Lebanon, Hawaii, New York City, and even Sydney, Australia.

In 1971, when Reeves was eight years old, he moved with his mother and step-father to Toronto, Canada, where he spent most his adolescence. After being expelled from four high schools in just five years, Reeves ultimately decided to drop out of school to pursue a career in acting. Of course, the risky decision eventually paid off, and Reeves has probably played more characters that have gone on to save the world more than any other actor.

Reeves is entitled to British citizenship through his mother, who’s from Essex, England, but he continues to retain his Canadian citizenship while holding an American green card.


Most American audiences first got a glimpse at Margot Robbie when she starred alongside Leonardo DiCaprio in 2013’s The Wolf of Wall Street. Robbie portrayed real life Naomi Lapaglia in the film and she absolutely nailed a Bay Ridge, Brooklyn accent– despite claiming that she found the intonation absolutely grating to listen to. Even though she was just 23 years old at the time, Robbie ended up stealing many scenes away from co-stars DiCaprio and Jonah Hill, leaving many of us wondering why we hadn’t seen the actress before.

Despite often playing American characters since Wolf, Robbie was actually a successful TV star in Australia before making the move to Hollywood. She was born in Dalby, Queenland and grew up on the Gold Coast of Australia before starring in the popular Australian series Neighbours. Robbie appeared in Suicide Squad earlier this year, where she continued to display her impressive voice work with her portrayal of the deranged supervillian Harley Quinn.


In less than a week, audiences will largely know actor Riz Ahmed for his appearance in Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, where he plays Bodhi Rook, a Rebel pilot and defector of the Imperial Army. But prior to this role, Ahmed is recognizable from starring alongside Jake Gyllenhaal in the 2014 thriller Nightcrawler, before appearing as Nasir Khan on the HBO miniseries The Night Of. He was nominated for a Golden Globe for his starring role in the HBO crime drama.

In both roles, Ahmed donned an American accent and played passive characters who quickly find themselves in over their heads. In The Night Of, Ahmed plays a Muslim man accused of murder, and it is his lawyers job to convince the jury that Nasir is innocent, despite overwhelming discrimination and bias in a post-9/11 world. But unlike his character– who is American with Pakistani roots– Ahmed was born and raised in England by his Pakistani parents. Aside from acting, Ahmed has worked as a rapper under the name Riz MC and produces music that tackles controversial social and political issues of our time.


Before hitting it big with American audiences in 2004 by appearing in both Mean Girls and The Notebook, Rachel McAdams had a successful acting career already up and running in Canada years before she made the move to Hollywood.

McAdams was born in London, Ontario, Canada on November 17, 1978. She continued to live in the area before going on to attend York University, where she studied theatre acting for four years. While she started off acting primarily in Hollywood comedies and romance movies, McAdams has recently branched out into more visceral roles, including her performances in Spotlight, winner of the Best Picture Oscar in 2015. McAdams also starred in True Detective, and her performance as Ani Besserides was arguably the only consistently engaging aspect of the show’s second season.

McAdams continues to live in Toronto, citing that since most films are no longer shot in Hollywood there is no real need to live there in order to be a successful actress.


David Harewood began acting back in 1990, but many American audiences didn’t come to know him until he played David Estes, Director of Counterterrorism at the CIA, on the Showtime series Homeland. However, his character was killed off after just two seasons, which paved the way for Harewood to join the main cast of Supergirl. He plays Hank Henshaw, AKA J’onn J’onzz, AKA Martian Manhunter, which was revealed in the first season of the show.

Harewood pulls off an impressive and commanding American accent, but the actor was actually born and raised in Birmingham, England by his parents who immigrated there from Barbados. Harewood even studied acting at one of the oldest drama schools in the United Kingdom, the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts, where he was accepted for admission at the age of 18. In addition to recurring in season two of Supergirl, Harwood continues to act in British television series, including the BBC miniseries The Night Manager, which was released earlier this year and featured fellow English actors Tom Hiddleston and Hugh Laurie.


Marty McFly may be one of the most American characters to ever grace the silver screen. He shreds on guitar, whips around town on his skateboard, knows how to throw a solid punch, and his trademark wardrobe almost exclusively consist of red, white, and blue. Despite being the descendant of a family of working class Irish immigrants, Marty McFly is played by Michael J. Fox, who just so happens to hail from Canadian.

Fox was born on June 9, 1961 in Edmonton, Canada. He lived in different towns across the country throughout his youth, before relocating to Los Angeles at the age of 18 to pursue a career in acting. When he registered in the Screen Actors Guild, Fox found that there was already an actor registered under the name “Michael Fox.”

After being diagnosed with early onset Parkinson’s disease in 1991, Fox has become a premier advocate for Parkinson’s research and development. He holds dual citizenship in Canada and the United States, and currently resides in Manhattan, New York.


Andrew Lincoln not only nails an American accent as Rick Grimes on The Walking Dead, he also aces a Southern accent without falling into the usually vocal cliches and exaggerations that come with impersonating someone from the South. With the aid of a vocal coach, Lincoln has said that Rick Grimes’s voice was one of the first aspects of the character he developed. Since Lincoln is a method actor who often avoids TV interviews, it’s easy to assume that he’s an American, when in fact he was born and raised in London, England.

Lincoln was born Andrew James Clutterbuck on September 14, 1973 to an English father and a South African mother. He spent his adolescence living in Hull and Bath, England before attending the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts in London, where he adopted his stage name. Lincoln starred in a number of lesser-known British TV and film projects before appearing in the 2003 romantic comedy Love Actually alongside the unmistakably British Kiera Knightley.


Mila Kunis was born Milena Markovna Kunis in Soviet Ukraine on August 14, 1983. Kunis lived with her parents and brother in Chernivtsi, Ukraine before moving to Los Angeles when she was seven. Despite coming from a family that was financially stable, Kunis’ parents decided to relocate to the States as they experienced antisemitism in the Soviet Union and they did not think their children would have a bright future there.

Following the culture shock and not being able to speak a word of English after arriving, Kunis was eventually cast as Jackie Burkhart on the hit sitcom That ’70s Show despite being only 14 years old at the time. Ten years later she starred in her breakthrough film Forgetting Sarah Marshall, and she’s has been acting in Hollywood steadily ever since. Kunis continues to voice Meg Griffin on Family Guy and she starred in Bad Moms alongside Kristen Bell and Kathryn Hahn earlier this year.


On the FX hit series Sons of Anarchy, actor Charlie Hunnam played Jax Teller, a leading member of an outlaw motorcycle club in Central California. The character’s slicked back blond hair, scruffy beard, and gang tattoos made Hunnam look like a true California hoodlum, when in fact the actor was born and raised in England. Hunnam has continued to use an American accent in a number of his films, including Pacific Rim and Crimson Peak.

Though Hunnam may pull off an impressive American accent, not even his English upbringing could help him produce a convincing Cockney accent for his role in Green Street, and many critics have called Hunnam’s attempt one of the worst accents in movie history! Admittedly, a Cockney accent is among one of the hardest to pull off (and sounds like gibberish to most people anyway).

Hunnam will return to his roots in next year’s King Arthur: Legend of the Sword, where the actor will portray the famed British monarch in Guy Richie’s latest film.


Natalie Portman was born Neta-Lee Hershlag in Jerusalem, Israel on June 9, 1981. She was born to an Israeli father and American mother, and even though Portman relocated to the East Coast at the age of three she continues to hold a dual American-Israeli citizenship. Portman has said that, although she loves the United States, she continues to feel most at home in Jerusalem. For her directorial debut, Portman even adapted the Hebrew novel A Tale of Love and Darkness, which is the autobiography of famous Israeli author Amos Oz.

After marrying Benjamin Millepied, a French dance choreographer who worked with Portman on Black Swan, the actress also expressed interested in relocating to Paris and becoming a French citizen. However, Portman continues to live and work out of Los Angeles. Portman most recently portrayed First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy in Jackie, which was released earlier this month and is expected to earn the actress her third Academy Award nomination.


Just like Rachel McAdams, his Notebook co-star and former girlfriend mentioned above, Ryan Gosling is yet another member of the Canadian invasion. Gosling was born on November 12, 1980 in London, Ontario, Canada–which just so happens to be the exact same town McAdams was born in two years earlier.

After beating out 17,000 children during an open audition in Montreal, Gosling became a member of The All New Mickey Mouse Club at the age of 12. For six months, Gosling lived with fellow “Mousketeer” Justin Timberlake and his mother in Orlando, Florida while they filmed the series. As a child, Gosling didn’t want to develop a strong Canadian accent, so he spent time mimicking Marlon Brando. While hosting SNL, fellow Canadian Mike Meyers helped Gosling hone his natural accent by pronouncing about “a-boot” while having him embrace his Canadian heritage, which obviously includes guzzling Molsons and clubbing baby seals.

He recently paired up with actress Emma Stone once again for the musical La La Land, which is out this month.


American Foods That Are Banned Around The World

American Foods That Are Banned Around The World


Between super-sized meals, extra large soft drinks and a food culture that centers on fast food, it’s no wonder America has a few questionable ingredients that are banned in other countries.

More than two-thirds (68.8 per cent) of American adults are considered to be overweight or obese, while more than one-third (35.7 per cent) of adults are considered to be obese. More than 1 in 20 (6.3 per cent) have extreme obesity.

But beyond the over-consumption, some of the ingredients found in U.S. food is actually considered to be toxic – so much so that they’ve been banned in other countries.

Here are the foods considered ‘too dangerous’ to be sold around the world.

Artificial food colouring


Where we find it: In pretty much everything: candy, cereal, drinks, cake mix, macaroni and cheese, and pet food. It’s even listed as the first ingredient in Kellogg’s Nutrigrain Bars.

What’s wrong with it: They are made of chemicals that are linked to brain tumors in mice, bladder cancer, allergic reactions, cancer of adrenal glands and kidneys, hyperactivity in children, nerve cell deterioration, and thyroid tumors, Business Insider reports. Not to mention food colouring is made from chemicals in petroleum, which, if you didn’t know, makes gasoline and tar.

Where it’s banned: Norway, Finland, France, Austria, and the U.K.

BVO (Brominated Vegetable Oil)


Where we find it: It enables the food colouring to stick to the water, so it’s found in Mountain Dew and other ‘nuclear’ looking, citrus drinks.

What’s wrong with it: It’s made up of some of the same chemicals that prevent carpets from catching on fire. If that’s not enough to put you off, the chemical is actually a flame retardant, nervous system depressant, and endocrine disrupter. It also causes reproductive and behavioral problems.

Where it’s banned: Japan, Europe, and 100 other countries.

Ractopamine-infused meat


Where we find it: In meat that has a reduced-fat label. It’s common in meat from pigs, turkey, and cattle.

What’s wrong with it: It’s harmful to the cardio vascular system and causes hyperactivity. In addition, chromosomal issues and behavioral changes have been associated with ractopamine-infused meat, according to Business Insider.

Where it’s banned: A whooping 160 countries, including Russia, China, Taiwan, and Europe!



Where we find it: It’s a chemical in fat-free snacks, like potato chips.

What’s wrong with it: Humans can’t process the substance properly – it’s better to try baked chips instead.

Where it’s banned: U.K. & Canada

Farm-Raised Salmon


Where we find it: Usually in salmon that is labeled as ‘Atlantic Salmon’

What’s wrong with it: Harsh toxins and antibiotics make up the fishes’ diet, and the same chemicals may also cause eyesight damage and cancer in humans.

Where it’s banned: Australia & New Zealand


10 US Archaeological Discoveries Shrouded In Mystery

10 US Archaeological Discoveries Shrouded In Mystery

Most people consider the start of US history to be 1776, but nothing could be further from the truth. There are, in fact, thousands of years of North American history. Who lived there? What did they leave behind? This list explores these questions by taking a look at some of the most interesting and mysterious archaeological discoveries ever made in the United States.

10.Lake Winnipesaukee Mystery Stone


Discovered in 1872 buried close to Lake Winnipesaukee in New Hampshire, the eponymous mystery stone is dark, smooth, egg-shaped, and about 10 centimeters (4 in) tall and 6.4 centimeters (2.5 in) wide. On its surface are a number of carved symbols and images, including a face, ears of corn, and a teepee, among other unknown images.

Questions have emerged regarding the stone: Who made it? And what is it? One theory suggests that the stone may have been made by Native Americans to commemorate a peace treaty between two tribes. Other theories contend that the stone could be Celtic or Inuit in origin.

The mystery was further complicated when researchers investigated two holes in the stone, one at the top and one at the bottom. These holes were drilled with a level of precision that seems inconsistent with the ability of premodern tools. This has led some to believe that the stone may be an elaborate hoax, while it has convinced others that the stone may be a “thunderstone” crafted by supernatural forces.


9.Indian Cave Petroglyphs


In Harrison County, West Virginia, a small cave was explored in the 19th century. Inside this cave are a number of incredible prehistoric petroglyphs. These petroglyphs portray a number of animals, including rattlesnakes and fish. Indian Cave is unique for its incredibly preserved state and has been described by archaeologists as “virtually unchanged.” Its petroglyphs are unique for their curious use of the color red, which can be seen on a number of the figures.

Archaeologists have determined the petroglyphs to be the work of early Native Americans but cannot identify which culture. Pottery found within the cave suggests that it was occupied sometime between AD 500 and 1675. Similar to other petroglyphs, the motivation for their creation is unclear.

8.America’s Stonehenge


Outside of Salem, New Hampshire, lies the ruins of what some believe to be an ancient settlement. Known today as America’s Stonehenge, the site is made up of numerous man-made stone chambers, walls, and other rock structures.

The site has sparked a series of heated debates among historians and archaeologists as to the origins and use of the complex. The most prominent theory is that it was built by Native Americans some 2,500 years ago and was used for centuries as a place for religious ceremony. Another popular theory suggests that the structures were created and used by Irish monks around AD 1000.


7.Poverty Point


In Louisiana, there is an extensive complex of earthworks known as Poverty Point. The complex contains a series of mounds and ridges and was built by Native Americans sometime between 1700 and 1100 BC. What makes Poverty Point interesting is it’s the only known example of large construction done by a hunter-gatherer society.

No one knows exactly what purpose Poverty Point served. Some archaeologists suggest that the site was used for periodic ceremonial events, while others contend it was a permanent settlement. Similarly, we don’t know which culture built it, as there have been few artifacts found to link to any specific people.

6.The Upton Chamber


Throughout the New England countryside, there are hundreds of mysterious stone chambers and structures. There are various theories as to who built these structures, including everything from Native Americans and early settlers to Norsemen and Irish Monks. One of the most impressive of these man-made chambers can be found in Upton, Massachusetts. The Upton Chamber is built into a hill and has a long passageway that opens up into a beehive-like dome.

The chamber indicates a fundamental knowledge of stonework on the part of its builders and is also astronomically aligned. On the summer solstice, the entrance of the chamber aligns perfectly with the Sun, allowing the inner dome to be fully illuminated. This has led some experts to believe that the chamber was not built by any settler but could be the work of an ancient people.

According to some researchers, the chamber could be the work of Irish monks. These researchers claim that the beehive structure of the chamber as well as the stonework bare striking resemblances to structures found in Ireland dating back to the eighth century.

5.Great Serpent Mound


The Great Serpent Mound is an ancient earthwork discovered in Ohio. It’s an effigy mound, which is a mound in the form of an animal, in this case a giant snake. Archaeologists have been unable to figure out what culture built it, when it was built, or what its use was. Radiocarbon dating has suggested that the mound may have been built around AD 1000, while other studies have suggested it could be around 2,000 years old.

There are a number of theories as to what the effigy was used for. Some scholars believe it was used in religious ceremonies and possibly sacrificial offerings. Others believe it is some sort of calendar, due to its astrological alignments.


4.Petroglyphs Of Winnemucca Lake


Near the dry Winnemucca Lake in Nevada, archaeologists believe they have discovered the oldest petroglyphs in North America. They’re located on a number of large boulders and vary in their design. Some of the boulders have circular designs, while others have diamond-like shapes. These petroglyphs are unique for a couple reasons: First, they’re much more numerous than other petroglyphs found across the country. Second, the markings are at least 10,000 years old.

Many questions remain as to the origin and meaning of the designs. They’re undoubtedly the work of early Native Americans, yet no one is quite sure as to who exactly these people were. Similarly, the reason for such artistic creation and what the glyphs themselves are supposed to mean, if anything, remains unknown.



Cahokia was the largest city in pre-Columbian North America, with a population of around 15,000 people. Based in the fertile Mississippi Valley near where St. Louis is today, it lasted from about AD 700 to 1300. By all accounts, Cahokia was a complex urban society with a unique culture and a ruling class. They farmed, fought other tribes, and also apparently practiced human sacrifice.

Then, without a trace, they vanished. Historians have debated what happened but haven’t come to a consensus. It has been suggested that deforestation, climate change, disease, and fear of invasion may have been factors.

2.The Maine Penny


While excavating a Native American settlement in Maine in 1957, archaeologists found something amazing. Buried in the dirt was a small coin of unknown origins. The coin was first misidentified as a 12th-century British penny, but upon further inspection years later, English researchers declared the coin to be Norse. Experts at the University of Oslo stated that the coin was most likely minted between 1065 and 1080. It is the only pre-Columbian Norse artifact ever found in the US.

So how does a Norse coin almost 1,000 years old end up on the coast of Maine? Some are convinced that the coin is evidence of contact between early Norse settlements in Newfoundland and mainland Native Americans. If this is the case, it would change the entire time frame of first contact between the New World and the Old World.

1.Dighton Rock


Dighton Rock is a 40-ton boulder that was discovered in the Taunton River of Berkley, Massachusetts, in 1690. It’s remarkable for its mysterious markings. The markings are seemingly inconsistent with any particular writing style, and the mysterious origins of the rock have baffled many. Throughout the years, a number of theories have been floated as to who the creators of the cryptic inscription may be.

One of the most popular theories is that the markings are Norse in origin. This theory suggests that the rock was a portrayal of a Viking voyage into the area as early as AD 1000. Another popular theory suggests that the markings are the work of Native Americans. There was a significant population of natives in the area where the rock was found, and similar markings have been found and attributed to various native tribes across the Northeast. Other theories suggest that ancient Phoenicians, the Portuguese, or the Chinese may be responsible for the markings.