It is a moment of panic when you witness someone suffering from a heart attack. The primary reason for panic is that the average person has no idea what to do when they see someone having a heart attack. So, in order to make you prepared for such unforeseen circumstances, we bring to you 10 trivial facts that might save your life one day or help you to save others.

1. If you think you are having a heart attack, chew on aspirin as it has the potential to decelerate the formation of blood clots in the affected artery during the heart attack.

A heart attack can happen at any time and taking steps to intervene early can help reduce the damage done. Heart attacks happen when a deposit of cholesterol in a coronary artery ruptures. Smaller deposits provide partial blockages and they are the ones most likely to rupture. Once they crack, they attract platelets to the location which are responsible for forming blood clots. As the clot grows in size, it blocks the concerned artery completely leading to a lack of oxygen in a part of the heart muscle. The muscle dies due to deprivation of oxygen leading to a heart attack.

Aspirin works by restricting the platelets from forming blood clots in the artery. But since the clot keeps on growing, it’s recommended to get to the hospital as soon as possible. Aspirin would just help to put a hold on the platelets for some time. Researchers at the Harvard Medical School have established that the best way for aspirin intake is to chew it during a heart attack. This way it works faster than swallowing it. For best results, it is recommended to chew an entire 325-mg tablet and get to the hospital fast. (source)

2. Never take your feet off the ground in case you are walking near a downed power line. Taking your feet off might create a potential between you and the ground and cause a discharge through your body. The best way is to slowly shuffle away and call the authorities.

Power lines carry more than 500,000 volts sometimes. Coming in contact with an exposed power line can be life-threatening. It is advised to always stay away from downed power lines as they might be quite harmful. Sometimes downed power lines do not hum or make any kind of electric sounds. This might give the impression that they are not carrying any voltage. But, there is no proper way to ascertain that. So, it’s advisable to stay away from them altogether.

If you find yourself near a downed power line, never take your feet off the ground. Walking by lifting one foot and placing them on the ground one after the other might conduct electricity due to the difference in voltage in both feet. This would develop a difference in potential between the ground and you and can be quite harmful. So the best way to move away from a power line is to shuffle away slowly without lifting your feet from the ground. (source)

3. Bad CPR is always better than no CPR at all. Even if you are unskilled, you should try to deliver CPR if needed. 

We all have a basic idea of how CPR works. We have seen it multiple times on TV and movies. But when the time comes to actually give CPR, we stand back as we consider ourselves untrained in the matter. Moreover, many people feel that they might be sued later or are just repulsed by the act of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. But medical professionals suggest that even if you are not professionally trained to perform CPR, you should do it anyway.

Any type of CPR helps to improve survival rates to a great extent. When you see a person in need of CPR, always try to compress his chest hard even though you do not give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Continue doing that until professionals have arrived. (12)

4. If you end up at the bottom of any water body and are unable to decide which way is up, blow bubbles to see which way they go. The bubbles always rise towards the surface. 

When you have gone too deep underwater, it might be difficult to decide which way is up. Divers often encounter this problem. Hence, they have devised a small trick to find out which way is up. The trick is to look at the bubbles. If you are underwater, try blowing bubbles and see which way they go. Unless there is a strong current, the bubbles will always go up towards the water’s surface. (source)

5. If you are deep-frying something and the entire pot is on fire, do not put it out with water. This will just make the situation worse.

Ever notice how when you watch a pot it never gets hot, but the minute you take your eyes off, it starts boiling aggressively? Unattended pots and pans on the stove have been attributed to be the biggest causes of kitchen fires. And, if your pot erupts in a grease fire, never try to douse the fire with water. The situation would only get worse.

Water and oil never mix – basic. middle school science. So, throwing water on a pan of flaming oil would only cause the water to sink below the oil and instantly evaporate from the heat. The vaporized water would further spread flames all over the place, in turn, causing the fire to spread. The best way to douse a grease fire is to close the pan with a lid so that the oxygen supply is cut off and the fire stops burning. You can also use salt or baking soda to put out a grease fire. (source)

6. If your car breaks down in a very remote place, burning a tire will draw attention to you. The thick, black smoke can be seen for miles.

Since time immemorial, smoke signals have been used for long-distance communication to convey danger or the need for help. Even today, when peoples’ cars break down in the middle of nowhere, they use flare guns to signal others. But what if your car breaks down at the most unexpected of places and you either do not have a flare gun or have exhausted the flares?

In that case, the best bet is to burn a spare tire and release that large column of black smoke. The smoke would alert people miles away. Someone is bound to pick up the smoke as a cry for help and come to rescue. But before a tire, you must ensure that it’s punctured and has the valve core removed so as to avoid abrupt explosions. (source)

7. The best defense against an aggressive bear is to not run away from it but to get a large object and keep moving it by keeping it between the bear and you. This will either scare or tire the bear and make him leave. 

The best way to defend a bear attack is to avoid it entirely! But if and in case you get caught in an encounter with a bear, then there a few things that you should keep in mind. Firstly, never try to run away from a bear, because no matter how fast you run, the bear will catch you and see you as a threat. Most of the times, bears are just curious. and the best way to deal with them is by slowly taking steps away from the bear.

Another defensive technique against an aggressive bear is to use objects such as a chair or a big stick to make yourself feel bigger. If there is a big tree or a car nearby, get behind it and keep moving around it. The bear will get bored or scared after some time and might decide to leave you alone. Whatever you do, never run away from an aggressive bear. Also, remember to always have bear spray in hand if the area you are about to visit is marked as a bear-sighting zone. (source)

8. An unconscious diabetic person should never be given insulin. If in doubt, giving sugar is the best option. 

The most common emergency in case of diabetics is their sugar level has gone below the recommended threshold. When blood sugar drops too low, the person might feel drowsy and even lose consciousness. There are numerous reasons for the sugar drop. The person must have taken too much insulin, they might have not eaten properly or skipped a meal, or they might have exercised without a proper diet.

Whatever the case, if you are in the company of a diabetic person who either gets drowsy or unconscious, never deliver insulin under such scenarios. Extra insulin would only lead to a further drop in the blood sugar. The best option would be to give them sugar or a sweetened item to raise the blood sugar level. (source)

9. If you get sucked into a rip current and are dragged away from the shore, never try to swim towards the shore, i.e. against the rip current. The best way to get away from the current is to swim parallel to it, get out of the current, and then turn back towards the shore.

A rip current is a fast-moving narrow channel of water that starts at the shore of the beach and extends to a distance offshore. If you get caught in a rip current, stay calm. A rip current never pulls the person underwater. It just takes the person further away from the shore. Most people start to panic at this time and try to swim against the current. But the best bet would be to avoid doing that. Trying to swim against the current will just tire you out. Try to swim parallel to the rip current and get out of it. Then you can turn and make your way to the shore with the help of the breaking waves.

If possible, try to identify rip currents and stay out of them. If there’s a break in the middle of a wave or the sea has an unusually still section of water, then it’s best to stay away from it. (source)

10. If you see a person’s eyes in a photo reflecting a white or yellow color, especially in children, they should be immediately taken to a doctor as they might have some eye infection or disease.

We get cranky when we see red eyes on photographs. But getting red eyes in photos is a healthy sign. The red-eye-effect is caused when the camera captures light being beautifully reflected by the eye’s retina when a flash is used for capturing photos in dim-light situations. The red is because of the blood supply that nourishes the retina. This means that when you get red eyes in photos, you have a healthy retina.

But in some cases, especially in the case of children, instead of red eyes, they get white or yellow eyes in photos. Such a glow can be a serious health alert. The person or the kid might be suffering from cataract, eye infection, Coats’ disease, or retinal detachment. It is recommended to seek medical help as soon as possible. (source)

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