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Carrie Amelia Nation, a radical member of the temperance movementWhen Carry Nation stepped foot into the Kiowa, Kansas bar, nobody saw what was coming. The woman, dressed in black, was on a mission from God. But as soon as she entered the saloon, all hell broke loose. She ran behind the bar, smashed the mirror and all the bottles under it; threw the cash register, threw it down; then broke the faucets of the refrigerator and cut the rubber tubes that conducted the beer. She was arrested soon after, but she didn’t mind. The bar had just gotten the Carry Nation treatment. During her years as an anti-alcohol advocate in the late 19th century, Nation built a reputation as a fearless, even unhinged reformer who would go to any length to save people from drunkenness.

 

 

The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the “manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes,” is ratified, Januray 16, 1919The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Americans concerned about the adverse effects of drinking began forming temperance societies. By the late 19th century, these groups had become a powerful political force, campaigning on the state level and calling for total national abstinence.

In December 1917, the 18th Amendment, also known as the Prohibition Amendment, was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification. Nine months after Prohibition’s ratification, Congress passed the Volstead Act, or National Prohibition Act, over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto. The Volstead Act provided for the enforcement of prohibition, including the creation of a special unit of the Treasury Department.

One year and a day after its ratification, prohibition went into effect—on January 17, 1920—and the nation became officially dry. Despite a vigorous effort by law-enforcement agencies, the Volstead Act failed to prevent the large-scale distribution of alcoholic beverages, and organized crime flourished in America. In 1933, the 21st Amendment to the Constitution was passed and ratified, repealing prohibition.

 

Henry Ford receiving the Grand Cross of the German Eagle from Nazi officials, 1938

 

The “Dodge City Peace Commission” in 1883. Wyatt Earp is seated, second from left; Luke Short is standing, second from left; and Bat Masterson is standing, third from left.

 

Heinrich Himmler lies dead after ingesting a cyanide pill while held prisoner by allied forces. May 23, 1945Unwanted by his former colleagues and hunted by the Allies, Himmler attempted to go into hiding. He had not made extensive preparations for this, but he had equipped himself with a forged paybook under the name of Sergeant Heinrich Hitzinger.

With a small band of companions, he headed south on 11 May to Friedrichskoog, without a final destination in mind. They continued on to Neuhaus, where the group split up.

Himmler and two aides were stopped at a checkpoint on 21 May and detained. Over the following two days he was moved around to several camps, and was brought to the British 31st Civilian Interrogation Camp near LUneburg on 23 May. The duty officer, Captain Selvester, began a routine interrogation. Himmler admitted who he was, and Selvester had the prisoner searched. He was taken to the headquarters of the Second British Army in LUneburg, where Doctor Wells conducted a medical exam. The doctor attempted to examine the inside of Himmler’s mouth, but the prisoner was reluctant to open it and jerked his head away. Himmler then bit into a hidden cyanide pill and collapsed onto the floor. He was dead within fifteen minutes.

Shortly afterward, Himmler’s body was buried in an unmarked grave near LUneburg. The precise location of the grave remains unknown.

 

A Secret Service agent brandishes a submachine gun while other agents and police subdue gunman John Hinckley, Jr behind him. Hinckley shot President Reagan in Washington on March 30, 1981

The first bullet hit White House Press Secretary lames Brady in the head. The second bullet hit District of Columbia police officer Thomas Delahanty in the back of his neck as he turned to protect Reagan. Hinckley now had a clear shot at the president, but the third bullet overshot him and hit the window of a building across the street. As Special Agent In Charge Jerry Parr quickly pushed Reagan into the limousine, the fourth bullet hit Secret Service agent Timothy McCarthy in the abdomen as he spread his body over Reagan to make himself a target. The fifth bullet hit the bullet•resistant glass of the window on the open side door of the limousine. The sixth and final bullet ricocheted off the armored side of the limousine and hit the president in his left underarm, grazing a rib and lodging in his lung, stopping nearly 1 inch (25mm) from his heart. Parr’s prompt reaction saved Reagan from being hit in the head.

After the shooting, Alfred Antenucci, a Cleveland, Ohio, labor official who stood nearby Hinckley, was the first to respond. He saw the gun and hit Hinckley in the head, pulling the shooter down to the ground. Within two seconds agent Dennis McCarthy (no relation to agent Timothy McCarthy) dove onto the shooter as others threw him to the ground; intent on protecting Hinckley to avoid what happened to Lee Harvey Oswald, McCarthy had to “strike two citizens” to force them to release him. Agent Robert Wanko (misidentified as “Steve Wanko” in a newspaper report) took an Uzi from a briefcase to cover the President’s evacuation and to deter a potential group attack.

 

 

Men from the U.S coast guard watches as one of their depth charges goes off on the german submarine U-175 in the Atlantic in 1943.

 

Council of War”. General Ulysses S. Grant (2nd from left on bench at center left), Gen. George G. Meade, Assistant Secretary of War Charles A. Dana, and numerous staff officers meet at Massaponax Church, in Virginia on May 21, 1864

 

Australian soldiers of the 4th Division field artillery brigade on duckboard track in Château Wood, near Hooge, Ypres salient, 29 October 1917

 

22 year-old corporal Leonard Hayworth in the Korean War cries after running out of ammunition and losing most of his men, 1950. He was later killed in combat

 

The Reichstag covered in Cyrillic graffiti after being seized from the Nazis. May 1945

 

Shell Shocked U.S. marine waiting to be evacuated from the battle zone during the Têt offensive, Hué, Vietnam, February 1968 – by Don McCullin

 

Mockups from U.S. intelligence of what Hitler might look like if he went into hiding

 

Group hanging around the ol’ Freund & Bro. Gun Store in Laramie, Wyoming. C.1860s

 

1950s Neckline

 

Two “Cop Killers” photographed after interrogations, 1920s

 

On December 13, 1913 One Of The World’s Greatest Art Heists Was SolvedDa Vinci’s Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre in the summer of 1911 by handyman Vincenzo Peruggia.  It was 24 hours before anyone even noticed the Mona Lisa was missing and interestingly enough, it was this theft that made the painting one of the most recognizable in the world. For the first time, people queued outside the Louvre, just to see the empty space where the painting had hung. Today the Mona Lisa attracts more than 9 million visitors to the museum per year, and has cemented Da Vinci as a cultural artistic icon.

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