Mind Reading Tech Is A Thing

Mind Reading Tech Is A Thing -





Technology to read people's minds may appear like something right out of science fiction, but it's something which is becoming a reality.

George Orwell's dystopian novel, “1984,” written in 1949, describes an eerie future where the 'Thought Police' of the superstate Oceania, detect and punish subjects for 'thoughtcrimes'  which are thoughts unapproved by the state. Fast-forward to the 21st century, and we are today staring at the possibility of creepy 'Thought Police' coming true, chiefly because of technologies which are bobbing up, to read people's minds.

A scroungy form of George Orwell's 'Thought Police' has already showed up in “emotional surveillance technology” that is now being embraced in China where the thoughts of employees in the workplace are not private. This surveillance requires workers to wear hats or safety helmets fitted with wireless sensors.


These sensors keep tabs on the emotions and other mental activities of the workers and streams their brain waves to the computers where AI detects emotions that employees consider undesirable. When the system detects abnormalities in the state of mind of the worker, the employees may ask the worker to take a day off or they may assign him or her to a less important task. China has enforced this technology on an unparalleled scale in factories, public transport, state-owned companies, and the military to increase the competitiveness of its manufacturing industry and to maintain social stability.

Technology to read people's minds may appear like something right out of science fiction, but it's something which is becoming a reality. Recent advances in non-invasively identifying thoughts in the human brain have been helped along by Brain-Computer interface (BCI) based new neuroimaging technology, such as fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) technology, electroencephalogram (EEG) and machine learning.The future Orwellian scenario of having to be careful of what we think for fear of being punished for so-called thoughtcrimes could come true, if we do not establish a right to protect people from having their mental information stolen, abused or hacked.

Recent advances in electroencephalography, or EEG, have led to devices like Emotiv's neuroheadset, a $300 toy that taps into a person's brain waves and lets  an individual play a computer game with his mind. Which is cool? In 2012, researchers from Oxford University, UC Berkeley, and the University of Geneva showed that it was possible to carry out an attack against wearers of such EEG headsets to steal sensitive personal information. They flashed students wearing the headsets images of things like ATM PIN pads, debit cards, and calendars. Underneath the images were questions such as what is your PIN  and when were you born? The results were powerful: by reading the brain waves emanating from these $300 headsets, researchers could guess a subject's PIN number with 30 percent accuracy and their month of birth with 60 percent accuracy.

Imagine a scenario, in the near future where one is browsing the internet using the power of one's thoughts, while doing so the hackers could use spyware on the browsers mind through the internet to gather personal information from the brain waves. The hackers could gather people's likes and dislikes, political affiliation, sex, and ATM PIN. The idea frankly is not far-fetched. It's not just the hacker who could take advantage of this technology, police could misuse it, or governments could charge people with thought crime for any-anti-government thoughts or for just thinking about illegal activities. China has already marched in this direction by implementing their “social credit score” system. Which is not far from a full-blown Orwellian state.

If governments can read one's mind for security purposes, would that not violate an individual's rights? AI today can interpret our brainwaves as we conduct ourselves in, for example, an airport. It's possible to scan people's minds for potentially menacing mental images arising from their brains like bombs or firearms and alert security. The Department of Homeland Security has been testing its “Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST)” program which is something akin to a mind reading pre-crime detector to 'sense' and spot people with a hostile intent such as a terrorist act.FAST Technology deploys concealed sensors that will right off know everything about a person even from 164 feet away by detecting the physiological peculiarities of a person like the increased heartbeat, brain waves, and eye movements that one associates  with a sinister intent.

Pentagons science division Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) wants to develop a technology called “Silent Talk” that will help the soldiers put aside wireless radios, Walkie-talkies, combat PDA's enabling them to communicate by reading each other's minds. The goal is to “allow user-to-user communication on the battlefield without the use of vocalised speech through analysis of neural signals.” They are also planning to devise mind-reading binoculars that alert soldiers faster than the conscious mind can process them.

A new headset developed by a graduate student Arnav Kapur at MIT, USA, reads the small muscle movements in the face that occur when the wearer thinks about speaking, and then uses “artificial intelligence algorithms to perform real time thought to text conversion. With about 15 minutes of customisation and training, researchers could achieve a transcription accuracy of 92 percent. This technology is amazing ; It only reads the nerve signals sent from brain to the face.

Scientists at the University of California, San Francisco have developed a mind reading device that, besides turning thoughts into text, can also detect things a person hears. This is done by placing electrodes to monitor the auditory cortex and decoding the data with algorithms. Carnegie Mellon University has developed methods of not only reading complex thoughts from brain scans, but it can also predict the next sentence in the thought process.
Facebook is also working on a mind reading project to enable users to send messages using thoughts alone. Microsoft has patents that use brain activity to change the state of the computer or its applications. For instance, the system will automatically turn down the volume of the music system when the mental activity of the person shows that the listener is not comfortable with the loudness.

Scientists from the University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine have trained monkeys to move a robotic arm to feed themselves marshmallows and fruits by using signals from its brain while their arms are tied-up. The University of Toronto Scarborough could recreate faces shown to the subjects based on their brain activity. The possibility of recreating faces from memory alone has tremendous applications in the police investigation. Japanese researchers at the University of Kyoto and researchers at Purdue University, USA are using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans plus A.I. to recreate pictures based on blood flow to the brain.

A start-up called Neurable has developed a Virtual-Reality game called “Awakening” in which a player can pick up objects and hurl them with his thoughts. HTC's Vive X accelerator program, called Looxid Labs, is developing a mobile VR headset with built-in emotion-detection technology. Motor car manufacturer Nissan has unveiled an IMx KURO concept car, complete with an EEG headset, at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show which reads the brain waves of the driver and performs functions depending on the thoughts of the driver. For example,  the moment the car detects that the driver intends to apply the brakes, the car automatically brakes even before the driver steps on the brakes.

Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, USA have been able to form, erase and reactivate memories in rats. Researchers are working on extending the same method to humans. This discovery could be enormous for police officers and military personnel who suffer from PTSD. Scientists have also developed a BCI drowsiness detection system which uses algorithms to detect the drowsiness and alerts the driver of an automobile by processing the rhythmic values of theta and alpha of EEG signals. Two researchers at Washington have showed not only telepathic communication but could also send the motor-muscle stimulation over internet to cause another person to move his body with a mere thought.

We can also use brain scanning technology to determine if patients in a comatose or vegetative stage are conscious despite their inability to communicate verbally or via motor actions.  An expert puts questions and interprets a brain scan image as a yes or no response based on the activation of the areas of the brain. This would allow the police to record the dying declaration of a person who has slipped into a coma, or allow police to question conscious vegetative state patients, or allow vegetative state patients to testify and also help assess their conscious healthcare wishes. This technology can be of great help in police and healthcare decision making.

AI assisted mind reading may make our lives practical, productivity-enhancing and actually enjoyable.  Mind reading applications could make everything happen correctly and automatically. Lights and sounds may turn up or down based on mental preference at a particular moment. Criminal law could be one potential area of application. The Evidence Act, however, does not permit self incrimination. But not performing brain scans on suspects also prevents wrongly accused from proving their innocence. I have previously dealt with Brain Fingerprinting technology on two occasions here, I am therefore skipping it now.

On the downside, criminals can misuse mind reading technology. Experts at the University of Washington have revealed how hackers could insert images into dodgy apps and read people's minds using brain-computer interfaces. It will also be possible for hackers to attack Neuroprosthetics like other medical implants such as pacemakers and diabetic pumps by subverting communication and control protocols. An attacker, for instance, would be able to turn off electrodes of deep brain stabiliser in a Parkinson's patient causing violent tremors and seizures. Using their minds, people are today able to move objects on IoT, control a drone, and play a video game. If it is so, what will stop hackers from remotely manipulating someone's mind?

There're many possibilities for such a technology. A “cloud-based brain-to-brain interface server” could allow the direct transmission of data around the world via the Internet. Such a global brain-net besides the problems of privacy, security and  neurorights, could also lend deeper insights into how individual consciousnesses might transcend the biological confines of the human skull to to work collectively. If then, can this technology help humanity realise the 'Oneness' which the scriptures have always been exhorting us? Will it help humankind know that individual consciousnesses are all part of this one universal consciousness which people call The Universal Force?  As far as India is concerned, mind-reading is an ancient technology. One can find mind reading (cetopariyañna) dealt with in the third chapter of the “Patanjali Yoga sutras”. Ancient Indians cultivated this superpower through yogic practice.




No one is saying that Homo sapiens climbed out of their spaceships fully formed on planet Earth one day. We obviously spent a lot of time evolving on Earth.

However, scientists have difficulty tracing our most distant origins—that is, our basic building blocks. Even though it sounds straight out of a science fiction movie, it’s hypothesized that life, including human life, initially came from outer space. That’s right, aliens may be our ancestors.

Panspermia, the transfer of viable organisms between planets, is considered a serious hypothesis by planetary scientists. It seems utterly bizarre, but this idea is so highly regarded in the scientific community that it’s being funded by NASA, MIT, and Harvard, to name a few.

There are many subsets of belief within this general hypothesis, like the purposeful planting of intelligent life by aliens, which is called directed panspermia. However, the most widely accepted notion is called ballistic, or interplanetary, panspermia. It’s the idea of life being exchanged between planets within a solar system.

There are many reasons to believe we may not be Earthlings after all.

10 Fossil Evidence

Currently, the earliest sign of life on Earth is from 3.83 billion years ago. During this period, a series of formidable meteor showers occurred. This heavy barrage of comets colliding into Earth suggests that any life that was forming at that time would have certainly faced extinction.

Remember the dinosaurs? Meteors are no joke. That was just one meteor the size of Mount Everest, but it made the Earth’s surface hotter than the Sun after crashing “20 times faster than a bullet.” While it seems apparent that these fireballs of fury snuffed out any life on Earth, they may have also been vessels for the life to come.

Evolution is agonizingly slow. It took several billion years for single-cell life to become multicellular, for example. So, how is it that directly after the most epic meteor shower our planet has ever seen, Earth was ripe and ready to spontaneously spawn DNA-based life? The planet hardly had time to cool down enough to support life, let alone create it.

The period of meteor showers ended sometime earlier than approximately 3.8 billion years ago. Evidence of life shows up in the fossil records from 3.83 billion years ago. If Earth was cooling down then, life evolved in the blink of an eye from an evolutionary standpoint. Unless, of course, life had already arrived. Many scientists hold these ancient fossil records as evidence of panspermia.[1]

9 We Are Not Alone

In our lifetime, space experts predict that we will discover alien life. The more we learn, the more unlikely that we are all alone on our tiny blue marble in the vastness of space. NASA astronomer Kevin Hand even said, “I think in the next 20 years, we will find out we are not alone in the universe.”[2]

Extrasolar planets (aka exoplanets) are those that orbit around a star like our Sun. The first one was discovered in 1995. Today, we’ve observed around 4,000 exoplanets. More than 50 are Earth-sized planets.

In 2014, NASA observed a planet the size of Earth orbiting a sun just like ours right in the sweet spot of the habitable zone. We are getting closer every year to fundamentally shifting how humanity sees itself in the universe. It’s just a matter of waiting.

8 Life Can Survive On An Asteroid

Photo credit: NASA

There have been a lot of studies about life enduring the journey through space on an asteroid’s back. It appears to be possible. Gerda Horneck, a microbiologist for the German Aerospace Center, discovered that bacteria can survive in space for years.

In the 1980s, she sent living organisms to live on a NASA satellite. Without nutrients, the bacteria formed resilient spores that acted as a defensive shell. Intense ultraviolet rays killed the top layer of spores, but the dead spores only strengthened the outer layer to shield the life within. After six years, those stubborn bacteria had survived the frigid vacuum of space—to everyone’s disbelief.[3]

Tardigrades (aka “water bears”) can also survive UV exposure with no problem. But if a microorganism was shielded from the UV rays, as it would be inside, say, a meteor, it would be even easier to survive. Some studies suggest that microbes hitching a ride deep within a meteor could even survive hundreds of millions of years in a dormant state.

7 Surviving Impact Is Possible

Photo credit: space.com

Dina Pasini, a researcher at the University of Kent, has already learned that algae spores could hypothetically survive a meteor crash. Her team decided to use a single-celled, ocean-dwelling algae to mimic the conditions of early life.

First, they constructed pellets made of rock and ice embedded with the algae. Then they used a two-stage light gas gun to accelerate objects to incredible speeds.

They shot the pellets through the water at 6.93 kilometers per second (4.31 mps). Miraculously, not all the spores were killed off. The higher the speed, though, the more that died. Still, there were survivors.

Pasini asks, “If we find life on another planet, will it be truly alien or will it be related to us? And if so, did it spawn us or did we spawn it? We cannot answer these questions just now, but the questions are not as far-fetched as one might assume.”[4]

6 Martian Contamination

Mars is the best contender for ballistic panspermia—that is, the spreading of life from planet to planet within our solar system. In their youth, Mars and Earth were both watery worlds with the potential for harboring life. It’s perfectly plausible that Mars just did it first. Then the building blocks of life hitched a ride to Earth. Technically speaking, that would make us “Martians.”

In 1984, a meteorite was discovered in Antarctica that had broken apart from Mars about four billion years ago. Some astrobiologists claim that it contains the ingredients of ancient life in the form of fossilized microbes. MIT is funding research to explore the possibility that life on Earth came from Mars. They invented a detection tool to sample the surface of Mars in search of DNA and RNA, the building blocks of life.

Getting Martian material to Earth is actually pretty darn easy. At NASA’s Ames Research Center, scientists who are working on the question of ballistic panspermia estimate that up to 5 percent of the rocks launched from Mars land on Earth within 10 million years. Some rocks can even arrive in just several years.

In the first 500 million years of our solar system, 50 billion Martian rocks landed on Earth. Four billion years later, five billion more Martian meteorites collided with Earth. Long story short, if life did exist on Mars first, it would’ve had ample opportunity to repeatedly contaminate Earth. Cue the song: “Is There Life On Mars?”[5]


5 A Recent Interstellar Visitor

Photo credit: space.com

A short time ago, there was an uproar about the first known interstellar visitor to the solar system. They called the cigar-shaped object “Oumuamua.” It was estimated to be about 800 meters (2,600 ft) long.

It looked eerily like Stanley Kubrick’s monolith from 2001: A Space Odyssey, and it didn’t help matters that it appeared to move at “nongravitational acceleration.” Rumors of an alien spacecraft couldn’t be avoided, but researchers speculated that its weird movements were actually due to a phenomenon called outgassing.

Researchers could also tell that the object was made of ice. Karen Meech, an astrobiologist for the University of Hawaii’s Institute for Astronomy, said, “This tells us that ices can survive over these interstellar distances.” Not to mention, the object is assumed to have thermal insulation and act as a radiation shield.

So Meech suggests that the idea of an interstellar object containing some living organism isn’t out of the realm of possibility. She said, “Some living organism . . . could be preserved in a cold deep freeze.”[6]

Oumuamua serves as a shining example that perhaps life could have traveled to Earth a long time ago from a galaxy far, far away.

4 Genetic Material Found In Meteorite

In 1969, a meteorite that crashed into Earth was found to contain the raw geneticmaterials of life. That’s not even the craziest part. These carbon-based components, like sugars and amino acids, are thought to have formed in outer space while tethered to the meteor.

Zita Martins, a chemist and astrobiologist at Imperial College London, said, “It really clarifies at least that the building blocks of genetic material, the nucleobases, were available [in early Earth]. We are not saying that only meteorites contributed to the building blocks of life, but it’s a very great contribution.”[7]

The finding increases the likelihood that the epic meteor shower of four billion years ago seeded ancient Earth with DNA building blocks. What’s more, life may have originally taken shape while traveling through space instead of on another planet. Then the ingredients landed on Earth on the back of a shooting star.

3 Organic Molecules And Amino Acid Discovered In Space Cloud

Photo credit: space.com

“The Stardust” is the name that scientists gave the samples that were taken from the dusty, gaseous cloud surrounding a comet. Impressively, these particular samples contained complex organic molecules and phosphorus as well as an amino acid.

Amino acids are the basis of proteins, which are essential to life. This crucial discovery supports the panspermia theory. Kathrin Altwegg, the principal investigator for this space mission, said:

With all the organics, amino acid, and phosphorus, we can say that the comet really contains everything to produce life—except energy. [ . . . ] But once you have the comet in a warm place—let’s say it drops into the ocean—then these molecules get free, they get mobile, they can react, and maybe that’s how life starts.[8]

It seems likely that the molecular building blocks of life are as common in space as stardust.

2 The Bubble Pattern Clue

Photo credit: Smithsonian Magazine

Jeffrey Moore, a planetary geologist for the NASA Ames Research Center, described panspermia as “reasonable by virtually everybody. Say you have several places in the solar system where organisms could multiply. Once one gets it, all the planets and moons with suitable environments come down with life. [ . . . ] They infect each other.”

Henry Lin and Abraham Loeb of Harvard University are avid supporters of the panspermia hypothesis. They even developed a testable model to prove the theory.

According to their model, if life shows up on a few planets and hops over to others, then the life-bearing planets form clumpy patterns. Spherical regions would appear as voids between the bubble patterns of life. This distribution would be a “smoking gun” for panspermia.

If life is spreading between planets, the populated worlds would cluster together in the vastness of space like colonies of bacteria in a Petri dish. Lin Loeb said:

It’s not that different from an epidemic. If there’s a virus, you have a good idea that one of your neighbors will have a virus, too. If the Earth is seeding life, or vice versa, there’s a good chance immediate neighbors will also have signs of life.[9]

So, if life appears in these clusters of solar systems, we’ll have the panspermia hypothesis confirmed. All we need to do is keeping looking toward the skies.

1 Stephen Hawking Endorsed Panspermia

Photo credit: The Atlantic

Panspermia isn’t a new concept. It was first discussed by the ancient Greek philosopher Anaxagoras in 500 BC. In 1903, it was dubbed “panspermia” by Nobel laureate Svante Arrhenius. His poetic vision was of plants and germs gently drifting through space by the mere pressure of starlight, so panspermia is Greek for “seeds everywhere.”

Today, the definition of panspermia as life spreading from planet to planet or even stellar system to stellar system continues to be a viable hypothesis supported by some of the greatest modern minds.

Prominent scientists at MIT, Harvard, and NASA are convinced enough that they’ve invested a decade of research and funding into the possibility. Even Stephen Hawking held the belief that life on Earth did not begin on this planet.

Hawking suspected that ballistic panspermia was the answer. In a lecture, he touched on some of the points given above, but his belief seemed to stem from the timing of life’s origin. The earliest fossil evidence of life appears a mere 500 million years after the Earth’s temperatures became stable enough to support life.

Hawking said, “Life could have taken seven billion years to develop, and still have left time to evolve to beings like us. [ . . . ] If the probability of life developing on a given planet is very small, why did it happen on Earth in about one-fourteenth of the time available?”[10]

Basically, the evolutionary timeline just doesn’t add up. As technology develops at a breakneck pace, the hypothesis of panspermia may be confirmed sooner than we think.


The Science Behind A Hummingbird’s Hover

The Science Behind A Hummingbird’s Hover

Nat Geo WILD takes a look at how tiny hummingbirds are able to hover in midair for so long while feeding in place. As it turns out these petite aviators have an extremely high metabolism, a specific ability to flap their wings at very high speed and constant hunger that gives them so much endurance even in the harshest of weather.

What Does Malaria Do To The Human Body?

What Does Malaria Do To The Human Body?

Malaria is one of the oldest diseases in human history, dating back to ancient civilizations in Greece and China. It has even been attributed to aiding the fall of the Roman Empire. So if we’ve been fighting malaria for so long, why haven’t we been able to stop it?

10 Weird News Stories You Might Have Missed Last Week

10 Weird News Stories You Might Have Missed Last Week -



This week, we have two stories on mysterious texts and ciphers. One is carved into a rock in France, while the other one is considered a Holy Grail of cryptography. Another mystery would be who keeps drawing penises on the sports fields of Melbourne.

There is also a secret chamber in Rome, a brewery in the United States, and a Danish politician with a unique strategy to reach his constituents.

10 The Discovery Of The Sphinx Room

The Domus Aurea, a palatial complex built by Emperor Nero in Rome, needs a lot of preservation work. Several times throughout the last few decades, it had to be closed off to tourists due to safety concerns. This does come with a positive side, though. During the latest batch of restoration work, archaeologists chanced upon a secret chamber hidden beneath the palace.

Scholars have named it the Sphinx Room because it prominently features a fresco of the mythical creature. Other artworks depict a centaur, birds and aquatic creatures, warriors, and the god Pan.

They are in good condition given their age, but there could still be more to discover. The chamber, which is 4.5 meters (15 ft) high, is still filled with dirt for the most part. Excavation is slow and careful, and archaeologists expect to finish by the end of the year.[1] They hope that there are still other interesting artworks and artifacts waiting to be found.

9 The Smell Of Knowledge

The University of Canberra’s library had to be evacuated after people noticed an unpleasant smell thought to be a gas leak. It was later determined that the pungent aroma came from a durian fruit.

The durian is a popular food in Southeast Asia, but it also has plenty of critics due to its strong odor. There are many places where the fruit is banned specifically for this reason. The smell reminds people of unwashed socks, rotten food, or, in some cases, turpentine. Library staff suspected that a gas leak might have occurred, so they evacuated the 550 people inside the building and called the authorities.

Firefighters searched the library top to bottom and, eventually, found the culprit. Someone had left a durian near an air vent.[2] While normal operations have resumed at the Australian university, the stench was still there long after the fruit was disposed of. The library had to post another update, assuring students that the building is safe despite the smell.

8 Know Your Audience

Denmark’s general election will take place on June 5. One politician has gotten creative with his outreach to his voters by taking an ad out on Pornhub.

Successful politicians of today know that online exposure is essential in order to get their face and their message across to the people. Plenty of candidates are either Internet-savvy themselves or employ someone who is, but none of them went as far as Joachim B. Olsen. He realized that adult websites have untapped potential, so he advertised with one of the largest in the world. Visitors to Pornhub were able to see an ad with Olsen and his party logo, asking for their vote.

Joachim Olsen is a former Olympic shot-putter who has served as a member of the Folketing (Danish Parliament) since 2011 as part of the Liberal Alliance. He posted on Facebook, confirming that it is, indeed, him on Pornhub and that he approved of the ad. He went on to clarify in an interview that, while elections are a serious matter, “there must also be some humor.”[3] We will have to wait a few weeks to see if his strategy pays off.

7 The Mystery Of The Melbourne Penises

Photo credit: Google Earth

The city of Melbourne has a mystery on its hands. Somebody has been drawing giant penises in the grass of several sports parks.

It is believed that the symbols started appearing sometime late last year. Some of the parks have already been replanted, and the grass has begun growing, although the phallic outlines are still visible. Only now have the designs started making the rounds, as they were noticed on Google Earth.

So far, three parks have penis designs on display, and they all feature multiple attempts of different sizes. The most ambitious project can be found in TW Blake Park in Preston. It measures over 100 meters (328 ft) in length.[4]

Council members were not impressed with the artistic efforts, as repairing them will be costly and time-consuming. They also did not want to share too many details regarding the designs to avoid encouraging acts of copycat vandalism. So far, nobody has claimed credit for the Melbourne penises.

6 The Cipher Rock Of Brittany

Photo credit: AFP

We go from an Australian mystery to one in France. A tiny village in Brittany is offering a €2,000 reward to anyone who can decipher an incomprehensible message carved into a boulder hundreds of years ago.

On the shores of Plougastel-Daoulas, there is a large rock visible only at low tide. It has an inscription on it which has only been noticed a few years ago, even though it includes the years 1786 and 1787, which suggests that it is from the late 18th century.[5]

The message is written in the Latin alphabet. At a glance, the letters appear to form words, but upon closer inspection, they only spell gibberish. One line says “DRE AR GRIO SE EVELOH AR VIRIONES BAOAVEL.” There are also a few etchings of objects like sailboats. During the time period indicated, artillery batteries were stationed on the coast, which is the only clue locals have regarding the carving’s possible origin.

The mayor of Plougastel-Daoulas wants the message translated and hopes that the cash prize will entice more professional code-breakers to take a crack at their stone cipher.

5 The Power Of Free Beer

A brewery in Charlotte, North Carolina, recovered its stolen van in just 42 minutes after offering free beer in exchange for information.

On Monday night, three unidentified criminals made off with a van used by the Unknown Brewing Company for transport. The next day, the brewery contacted the police, but it also decided to turn to social media for help. After all, the vehicle had neon green paint and the name of the company on the side, so it was likely to stand out. To sweeten the deal, the owner also included a free beer keg.

Word spread quickly online, and soon enough, a woman contacted the brewery to tell them that the van was parked down her street. The owners went there and recovered the stolen vehicle in 42 minutes after making the original post online.[6]

The successful strategy got even more attention than the theft, to the point that some people started suspecting that the whole thing was a marketing ploy. The brewery assured people that the thievery was legit, and according to police, the van was used to commit a series of car break-ins before being dumped near a park.

To thank everyone for spreading the word, the brewery announced plans to make a special beer called Van Theft Auto and host a party where each pint will only cost 25 cents to cover taxes.

4 What We Learned About Drugs

The 2019 Global Drug Survey came out this week, and it revealed, among other things, that the British are the biggest binge drinkers and get drunk more times than any other country included in the report.

The study was conducted by researchers in London and included over 120,000 substance users from 36 different countries. On average, participants got drunk 33 times over the last 12 months. Britons, however, got plastered an average of 51.1 times.[7] This is during a period when drinking in Britain is reportedly in decline, especially among young adults. According to Global Drug Survey founder Professor Adam Winstock, more Brits are abstaining from alcohol, but the ones who drink do so without moderation.

Britain was followed by the US, Canada, and Australia. This wasn’t a measurement of how much alcohol they consume overall but rather how many times people drank to the point of becoming seriously intoxicated. Conversely, countries from South America seem to have the fewest instances of binge drinking, with Chile coming in last place, followed by Colombia.

Of course, the report analyzed data related to many other substances. The most popular drug, alcohol and tobacco not included, unsurprisingly, was cannabis, followed by MDMA and cocaine. The most dangerous substance which had the highest rate of users seeking emergency medical care was heroin, followed by meth and synthetic cannabis tied for a distant second.

3 The Quakes Of The Shrinking Moon

New data from NASA suggests that the Moon is shrinking, which is also causing moonquakes.

This is due to the satellite’s interior cooling down. It has led to the Moon becoming about 45 meters (150 ft) “skinnier” over the last few hundred million years. NASA scientists compare the phenomenon to a grape being turned into a raisin. As it shrinks down, it develops wrinkles. A grape’s surface has flexible skin, so this isn’t a problem. The Moon’s crust, however, is brittle, so as sections of the satellite break off and push against each other, they cause moonquakes.[8]

Astronauts have placed seismometers on the Moon during the past Apollo missions. This allows NASA to monitor the satellite’s seismic activity pretty closely. Most of the quakes caused by the shrinking of the Moon range between 2 and 5 on the Richter scale.

2 Down In The Deep Blue Sea

For the third time in history, mankind has traveled down to the deepest point of the planet’s seabed: the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. The latest dive, made by American explorer and investor Victor Vescovo, has taken the record for deepest descent by 11 meters (36 ft). Even in the darkest, most remote corners of the Earth, the research team found life, including four probably new species of amphipods. They also found a plastic bag and candy wrappers, showing that no place is beyond the reach of human pollution.

Vescovo descended almost 11 kilometers (7 mi) and spent four hours exploring the deep in a special submersible called the DSV Limiting Factor.[9] Built by Triton Submarines, the watercraft seats two and has a hull made out of 9-centimeter-thick (3.5 in) titanium designed to withstand the immense pressures of the ocean bottom on repeated dives.

Among the first to congratulate Vescovo on his record-breaking descent was Don Walsh, who was aboard the research ship. In 1960, Walsh and Jacques Piccard became the first people to reach the Mariana Trench.

The dive was the fourth in a series named the Five Deeps expedition, funded by Vescovo. The goal is to reach the deepest points in all five oceans. Before it came the Puerto Rico Trench in the Atlantic, the South Sandwich Trench in the Southern Ocean, and the Java Trench in the Indian Ocean. Last on the list is the Molloy Deep in the Arctic, currently scheduled for August. Afterward, Vescovo plans to pass on the submersible so that other institutions can conduct their own scientific research.

1 The Secret Of The Voynich Manuscript

The Voynich manuscript is one of the most puzzling artifacts in the world. Dubbed “the book that no one can read,” it is written in an unknown language. However, one British academic claims to have finally deciphered it after only two weeks of study.

Cryptographers have been studying it for over a century. Some have dismissed it as a hoax. While that may still be possible, the vellum used in making the document has been carbon-dated to approximately 600 years ago, which makes a hoax unlikely.

Gerard Cheshire, research associate at the University of Bristol, believes that the mysterious manuscript is a medical compendium written by Dominican nuns for Maria of Castile, queen of Aragon. It contains information such as herbal remedies and astrological readings.[10] According to his study, published in the journal Romance Studies, he says that the text was written in a lost language called proto-Romance.

Unsurprisingly, Cheshire’s claims have been met with skepticism and derision by other experts. Dr. Lisa Fagin Davis, executive director of the Medieval Academy of America, dismissed the paper as “circular, self-fulfilling nonsense.” Others opine that his translation takes too many liberties with how languages work. Bristol University has already distanced itself from the academic, saying that the work requires “further validation.”

Cheshire remains confident, believing other linguists will prove him right once they study the Voynich manuscript and translate it fully using his interpretation.






Why Are 96,000,000 Black Balls On This Reservoir?

Why Are 96,000,000 Black Balls On This Reservoir?

I took a boat through 96 million black plastic balls on the Los Angeles reservoir to find out why they're there. The first time I heard about shade balls the claim was they reduce evaporation. But it turns out this isn't the reason they were introduced.

We're Wiping Out Other Species At An Ever Faster Rate

We're Wiping Out Other Species At An Ever Faster Rate -

A big fat hat tip to drawman for this post


There are roughly 8 million plant and animal species in the world. One of them — homo sapiens — may soon wipe out a million of the rest. And we’re just getting started.

That’s the depressing bottom line from a comprehensive new United Nations report on biodiversity. Species are going extinct at a rate unmatched in human history — and the die-off is accelerating. It sounds melodramatic to say that we’re killing the planet, but that’s what the scientific evidence tells us. And ignorant, shortsighted leadership makes optimistic scenarios elusive.

Species extinction is one of those problems whose vast scale, in space and time, makes it difficult to comprehend, let alone address globally. As any paleontologist can tell you, species appear and disappear naturally at a gradual rate with no human intervention. And in the 3.5-billion-year history of life on Earth, there have been five abrupt mass extinctions when more than three-quarters of all living species were quickly wiped out. The most recent came 66 million years ago, when an asteroid strike is believed to have killed off the dinosaurs.

If there are intelligent observers 66 million years from now, their scientists may conclude that the sixth mass extinction was caused by us — and that we saw what we were doing but lacked the wisdom and courage to stop ourselves.

The next species to go extinct may be some scruffy weedlike plant or weird little insect you’ve never heard of. But that weed may synthesize a chemical that acts as a magic bullet against certain deadly cancers, or that insect may control the population of some other insect that harbors a plaguelike virus. We’ll never know. They’ll be gone.

Amphibians, marine mammals and corals are critically endangered, the report says. If you dream of a trip to see the Great Barrier Reef, I wouldn’t put it off.

A summary of the report by the United Nations-sponsored Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services was released Monday in Paris, culminating years of work by leading environmental scientists around the globe. Its findings will be widely noted and lamented; its recommendations, I fear, widely ignored.

For once, human-induced climate change is not the most egregious cause of a slow-motion global catastrophe. The primary cause of accelerating species loss, according to the report, is rapid change in patterns of land and sea usage. Farming, fishing, logging, mining and other activities are changing — in many cases, deeply scarring — the natural world.

An estimated 23,000 to 30,000 spectacled flying fox bats perished during the heat wave, which lasted from November 26 to 27. One third of the species dead in two days.


We knew that, of course. Sea captains have told us about the enormous patch of plastic trashfloating in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. Satellite photos chart the ongoing destruction of the Amazon rain forest. The report states that more than 85 percent of the world’s wetlands have been eliminated over the past three centuries. The amount of land designated as “urban” has doubled since 1992.

Malthusian predictions that rapid population growth would lead to scarcity and famine have proved spectacularly wrong. The global middle class has ballooned, while the percentage of humans living in extreme poverty has shrunk to levels never dreamed of. But all that economic growth has put an unprecedented strain on the natural world, and scientists can only sketch the ultimate consequences. In effect, we are running a fateful experiment with our one and only planet — and there’s no chance of a do-over.

An orangutan tries desperately to fight off an excavator

I have enormous faith in human ingenuity. But it needs to be accompanied by some basic common sense.

One example: Of the world’s 7.5 billion people, nearly 5 billion have mobile phones. The incredible spread of that one technology greatly boosts global connectivity, creativity and happiness — and also creates enormous quantities of manufacturing waste and discardable plastic. We need to keep expanding access to this life-changing technology. But we need to find cleaner, more sustainable ways of doing so.

Whether we’re talking about species loss or climate change, whether we’re considering the smog that shrouds Beijing and New Delhi or the fracking fluids being pumped into the ground in Appalachia, at some point we’re going to realize that development that fails to take sustainability into account is not a step forward. It’s a step into the unknown, and potentially a step toward disaster.

The question isn’t whether we come to this realization and begin to act accordingly, but when. The new U.N. report says that for up to a million species, many of which we haven’t even identified and studied, our enlightenment may come too late. We can only hope there is still time to save the one we call our own.


Those pauses are where the female was supposed to chime in, this was a mating duet.  His species mated for life.

 He was the last of his kind.

7 Ways To Spruce Up Your Cooking With Science

7 Ways To Spruce Up Your Cooking With Science

Your kitchen really is your own personal science lab, so here are some science-based cooking tricks to make tastier, healthier, and awesomer meals.

Is Spider Silk Stronger Than Steel?

Is Spider Silk Stronger Than Steel?

In Spider Silk vs. Steel, Elijah, Cannan, and Allie test the age-old eight-legged myth that spider silk is stronger than steel.

Scientists Grew A Lamb In A Bag... Wait What?

Scientists Grew A Lamb In A Bag... Wait What?

Two years ago, researchers created an artificial womb for premature lamb fetuses. Now, that technology is getting better by creating a womb that can one day help extremely premature babies live from 21–24 weeks old.




1. There is a biker gang from Arizona known as BACA (BACA: Bikers Against Child Abuse)who help keep child abuse victims safe while the child’s abuser is prosecuted, including guarding their houses at night if person is not yet in jail and attending court with the child, shielding them so they don’t have to look at their abuser – Source

2. Twin brothers Jim Lewis and Jim Springer separated at birth and reunited 39 years later lived almost parallel lives. Both were named James, both owned a dog named Toy, both had married twice; first to women named Linda and second to women named Betty. Both drove Chevys, smoked Salem cigarettes and drank Miller Lite. – Source

3. Doctor’s tie can transmit sickness between patients because ties hardly ever get washed – Source

4. The original score for Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey was written by Alex North, but Kubrick didn’t like it and switched at the last minute. No one told North, who showed up at the film’s premiere only to be devastated when none of his music was used. – Source

5. During the Italian invasion of France, 9 French soldiers defended the Pont Saint Louis against 5000 Italians for 10 days, of which 700 Italians were killed or injured. Eventually an Armistice was agreed. – Source

6. In 2012, Italian doctors saved the life of a 16-month-old boy by implanting the world’s smallest artificial heart to keep the infant alive until a donor was found for a transplant. – Source

7. At normal speed, it takes a fully loaded supertanker/oil tanker approximately 20 minutes to stop. Therefore they cut their engines 15 miles away from the dock – Source

8. Alexey Pajitnov, the creator of Tetris(1984) did not receive any royalties from one of the most popular video game titles until 1996 as the rights were owned by his employer, the Soviet government. – Source

9. Craisins are not dried cranberries (like raisins are dried grapes). They are in fact discarded cranberry husks re-infused with cranberry juice. – Source

10. The water between India and Sri Lanka is only 3-30 feet deep and was purportedly passable on foot until 1480 AD when a cyclone moved some sand around. – Source

11. South African residents can legally attach small flamethrowers to cars to repel carjackers – Source

12. Beethoven actually intended many of his most famous pieces (including the 5th Symphony) to be played much faster than they are generally always played. So fast, in fact, that many professional orchestras are unable to successfully play them. – Source

13. Donkey Kong got his name because Miyamoto (creator) thought “donkey” meant “stupid” in English. – Source

14. The Pirate Bay tried buying their own island in hopes of making their own country with no copyright laws. – Source

15. Under the current South Korean laws, if war breaks out South Korea doesn’t want to control its own military. Instead it wants the Americans to tell them what to do – Source


16. In 1950, Pope Pius XII confirmed there was no conflict between Christianity and the theory of evolution, and the Church supports the idea of theistic evolution. – Source

17. Disney released a movie during World War II called “Der Fuerer’s Face” which depicted Donald Duck having a nightmarish time in the Nazi Regime. It is the only Donald Duck film to win an Academy Award. – Source

18. Pineapples contain an enzyme that breakdown proteins in your mouth. So when you eat a pineapple, it is eating you back. – Source

19. The last meal is based on a superstition from pre-modern Europe. By accepting the last meal, the condemned was believed to forgive the executioner, the judge, and witness(es). This would prevent the condemned from returning as a ghost to haunt those responsible for their killing. – Source

20. Nearly 80% of people who die from drowning in the USA are male. – Source

21. Nurses and doctors wear green or blue scrubs to help relieve eye strain from constantly looking at red (patient’s insides), which is also opposite on the color wheel. They’re easier to wash and keep longer. – Source

22. Leo Tolstoy was an adamant vegetarian. In one instance his aunt requested chicken for dinner. When arriving at the table, she found a live chicken tied to her chair, and a butcher knife on her placemat. – Source

23. There is actually a superhero called “normalman.” He was the only person without superpowers on a planet full of superheroes. – Source

24. The mother of Ernest Hemingway (author, soldier, hunter, boxer, drinker, famous manly man) often dressed young Ernest and his older sister in matching pink flowery dresses (and similar outfits) to fulfill her obsessive desire to instead be mother to a pair of twin girls. – Source

25. If you hear “Would Inspector Sands please report to the operations room immediately” in a UK Railway Station, it’s coded alert to emergency personnel that could mean anything from a fire to a bomb alert. This code is used to avoid causing a panic. – Source

Why Humans Have Those Sharp Front Teeth

Why Humans Have Those Sharp Front Teeth

We share our sharp canine teeth with lions, hippos, and other mammals. But believe it or not, they have nothing to do with tearing into meat. Instead, our ancestors originally used them to fight for mating rights, and they shrunk over time as we stopped using our teeth as weapons.

Hatching A Chicken Without An Egg Shell

Hatching A Chicken Without An Egg Shell

Observation of the Development of Chick Embryo

The eggs sold in store are usually unfertilized egg and never develop to chick, hence you don't have to worry about eating embryo or baby chick. Now a days, fertilized egg is sold only in "organic" or "natural" store, family poultry farm etc. The chick grows just same as normal chick.





The Weird Beauty Of Fungi

The Weird Beauty Of Fungi

Time lapse reveals the growth, spread, and very weird beauty of fungi.

10 Weird News Stories You Might Have Missed Last Week

10 Weird News Stories You Might Have Missed Last Week -




Another week has gone by, so it’s time to take a look at some of the weird news stories you may have overlooked. If you missed last week’s adventures, you can get caught up with those offbeat stories here.

It has been quite a notable week for science. We talk about zombie pigs, ancient urine, giant prehistoric lions, and the first molecule in the universe. We have not one but two tales from the world of pornography and the story of the Japanese Walter White.

Spoiler Alert: If you don’t want to read any potential spoilers about the final season of Game of Thrones, you should skip entry 10 and proceed straight to entry nine.


10 AI Predicts The Survivors Of Game Of Thrones

Photo credit: apnews.com

Last Sunday night, tens of millions of people tuned in to watch the premiere of the final season of Game of Thrones. Besides copious amounts of sex and violence, the show is known for introducing a large cast of compelling characters who then get killed off in gruesome ways.

Those who want to enjoy all the twists of the show might want to skip this one, but many fans are concerned that their favorites will die this season. For those who do not like surprises, students from the Technical University of Munich developed an artificial intelligence that studied all the information available about the show to predict which characters are going to die.

According to the algorithm, Daenerys Targaryen has the highest chance of survival of the main characters at 99 percent. At the other end, Bronn only has a 6 percent chance of survival and is deemed a goner.[1]

We have a bit to go to find out if it was right or not, but the school has a good track record. Back in 2016, another group of students programmed a different AI which correctly predicted that Jon Snow would be resurrected.

9 Name A Planet

Photo credit: BBC

Astronomers have reached out to the public for help in christening the largest-known body without a name in the solar system.

The trans-Neptunian object has the official designation of (225088) 2007 OR10. It was discovered back in 2007 by scientists Meg Schwamb, Mike Brown, and David Rabinowitz. They decided that it is time for the cosmic object, most likely a dwarf planet, to get a proper name. Therefore, they want the people to vote on the suggestion which they will officially submit to the International Astronomical Union (IAU).

The proposed monikers must adhere to IAU guidelines which require all minor planets in the Kuiper Belt to be given names associated with mythological creation figures. Therefore, the dwarf planet will not be dubbed Moony McMoonface or anything similar.

In fact, the public has the option of voting on just one of three candidates. They are: Vili, a Norse god; Holle, a Germanic goddess of fertility; and Gonggong, a Chinese water god. The cosmic object has one of the reddest surfaces ever discovered, and all three gods, besides being associated with creation, have a connection with the color red.[2]

Voting will continue until May 10.


8 The Royal Canadian Moose Police

Photo credit: cbc.ca

Canadian police officers trying to contain a wild moose received an unexpected bonus as the animal led them to a stolen car.

Last Saturday, the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC) in St. John’s received multiple calls from residents that a moose was on the loose in the city. Officers caught up with the animal and tried several times to lead it into the wooded areas up north of St. John’s. For some reason, the moose insisted on going south and evaded police containment efforts.

In the end, the animal gave the RNC a helping hand as it unwittingly led them to a car which had been reported stolen the previous day. The officers stayed behind to handle this new development while the moose was able to head into the Southside Hills as it intended.[3]

7 Porn Stash Gets Plundered

Photo credit: people.com

An Indiana man is suing his parents for getting rid of his vast collection of pornography and sex toys worth almost $30,000.

Back in 2016, the unnamed man moved to Michigan to live with his parents following a divorce. Ten months later, he relocated to Muncie, Indiana. Subsequently, his parents had all of his stuff delivered to his new home, but something was missing: his porn stash.

It had consisted of 12 moving boxes of films and magazines and two additional boxes of sex toys. When the man inquired about their whereabouts, his father revealed to him that they had disposed of them for his own well-being.

Now, the 40-year-old man is suing his parents. He is seeking compensation in excess of $86,000, almost triple what he estimated his collection to be worth. He claims that his parents acted “vindictively.” Although neither side has publicly commented on the matter, the father said in an email that he did his son a “big favor” and hoped that he will realize this one day.[4]

6 Extracurricular Activities

Japan has its own version of Walter White in the form of a university professor who admitted to teaching students in his pharmaceutical science class how to make Ecstasy.

Tatsunori Iwamura is a 61-year-old teacher at Matsuyama University in Ehime prefecture. He divulged that he had showed his pupils how to manufacture MDMA and 5F-QUPIC, a cannabis-like designer drug, in 2013. Drug enforcement officers acted on a tip, and while they did not find signs of Ecstasy, their search did uncover traces of the cannabis substance.

Unnamed sources claimed that Iwamura once had a license to manufacture illegal drugs issued by a local government outside Ehime, but it has since expired. The professor said that he taught his students how to make Ecstasy to “further their knowledge.”

Authorities believe that 11 students manufactured drugs under Iwamura’s guidance. He could face up to 10 years in prison for his actions.[5]



5 Exploring Your BeeSexuality

Online pornography giant Pornhub has revealed its latest charitable initiative: the “BeeSexual” campaign. People can visit the site’s latest channel, which is full of “bee porn,” to learn more about the perils that these crucial pollinators are currently facing. Moreover, for each view, Pornhub will donate to Operation Honey Bee and the Center for Honeybee Research.[6]

The BeeSexual channel is mostly SFW. The videos only show the foraging insects getting hot and heavy with some flowers as they drink their sweet nectar. However, they are all voiced by porn stars who give the clips a much more sexual vibe. The videos also have raunchy titles such as “Married Couple’s First Bee-some” and “Mature Natural Gets Plowed By Worker Bee.”

The biggest threat to bees is colony collapse disorder (CCD). This phenomenon occurs when most of the worker bees in a colony disappear, leaving behind the queen and only some nurse bees to care for the immature bees.

Eventually, this causes the hive to die. Last year, up to 40 percent of the hives in the United States fell to CCD and scientists are not even sure what the cause of this disorder is.

4 What Ancient Pee Can Tell Us

Photo credit: The Atlantic

A study published in Science Advances reveals that archaeologists are using an unexpected new resource—ancient urine—to estimate the size of one of the first settlements to practice animal husbandry.

Over 10,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers settled down in Asikli Hoyuk (in modern-day Turkey) and began domesticating sheep and goats. They appeared to be among the first to do so and did it for 1,000 years.

Researchers previously uncovered animal bones and pieces of ancient dung that attested to this fact. But they have come up with a new model that analyzes the chemical signatures of urine in the soil to estimate the size of the population.

Led by Jordan Abell from Columbia University, the team first discovered that the region had unusually high concentrations of salts. They believed that urine could be the source. They took over 110 soil samples from different areas and different layers to cover the 1,000-year span in which people lived in Asikli Hoyuk.

The researchers looked for chemical signatures such as nitrate, chlorine, and sodium. Scientists also had to account for other sources of salts such as rainwater or ash from wood fires. In the end, they estimated that an average of around 1,800 humans and animals were peeing in the village each day.[7]

3 Attack Of The Zom-pigs

According to a study published in Nature, American scientists from Yale University were able to partially revive brain activity in pigs that had been dead for hours.

Researchers started off with 32 pig brains which they received from an abattoir. After a four-hour wait, the brains were pumped with a proprietary synthetic blood concoction which contained oxygen and certain drugs to minimize the death of brain cells.

The brains were treated this way for six hours. Afterward, scientists found working synapses, regular responses to medication, and oxygen usage identical to that of a normal brain.

All of this was happening 10 hours after the animals had been decapitated. However, an electroencephalogram (EEG) showed no signs of brain-wide activity that would indicate awareness. Basically, the brains were still dead.[8]

Is this the first step in a zombie pig apocalypse?

Probably not, but ethicists are already calling for new guidelines for this field of study going forward. They believe that the animals used in these kinds of experiments could end up in a “gray area” where they are not alive but not completely dead, either.

At the very least, this study challenges the things we thought we knew about brain decay following death. It was considered an immediate and irreversible process after the blood supply was cut off.

This shows that it is a more “gradual, stepwise process” where some parts can be postponed and even reversed. The most obvious benefit could be seen in the study of brain diseases like Alzheimer’s.

2 The Giant Lion Hiding In A Drawer

Photo credit: The Telegraph

Scientists announced the discovery of an animal which was one of the largest mammalian carnivores ever to walk the planet. They realized they had a new species on their hands after analyzing fossils which had been sitting in a desk drawer at the Nairobi National Museum for decades.

The animal is called Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, and it prowled the Kenyan savanna until 23 million years ago. It has been referred to as a “giant lion,” and its name actually means “big African lion” in Swahili. However, there is no close relation between Simbakubwa and any modern predators. It belonged to an order called Hyaenodonta which went extinct.

Although we’ve had fossils of the animal for a while, it wasn’t until 2010 that a team from Ohio University took a closer look at them. They had the lower jaw and teeth which enabled them to calculate that Simbakubwa weighed up to 1,500 kilograms (3,300 lbs). Co–lead researcher Matthew Borths compared it to the fictional “wargs” from Lord of the Rings.[2]

1 Finding The First Molecule

Astronomers have detected helium hydride, the first type of molecule created in the early universe.

Following the big bang, the universe was filled with hydrogen and helium atoms. According to our understanding of chemistry, the conditions were right for those atoms to collide and form helium hydride. Scientists have speculated for decades that the molecule is present in the interstellar medium, but until now, we have only been able to create it in laboratories.

NASA made the discovery using the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) telescope. It was pointed at planetary nebula NGC 7027, which is 3,000 light-years away from us. Scientists have long considered the nebula a great candidate for observation of the primordial molecule, but they simply lacked the proper instruments.[10]

It wasn’t until SOFIA got the German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT) upgrade that it was able to pinpoint helium hydride in the chemical soup that is the nebula.

Just for clarification, the molecule is of the same type but does not actually come from the beginning of the universe. However, confirming its existence was imperative to show that we have a firm understanding of the early evolution of the universe.

Chinese 'Sperm Extractor' Machine Replicates Human Vagina For Donors

Chinese 'Sperm Extractor' Machine Replicates Human Vagina For Donors

This hands-free 'sperm extractor' aims to help donors too embarrassed to masturbate in the hospital.

Why Our Solar System Is Weirder Than You'd Think

Why Our Solar System Is Weirder Than You'd Think

Research suggests that nearly every star has at least one planet, but we haven't found any other solar systems that look quite like ours.








1. The boy who voiced Bambi grew up to become the youngest drill instructor in US Marines history – Source

2. Men and women’s clothes are buttoned on opposite sides because in back in the day in high society, men generally dressed themselves whereas women were dressed by servants. Reversing the buttons on women’s clothes made the job faster and easier. – Source

3. Every year in ancient Athens, citizens could vote to banish ANY person from the city for 10 years. – Source

4. In 1972, a Serbian flight attendant, Vesna Vulović fell for 33000ft (10000m) after the plane she was flying in was torn apart by an explosive device. She survived the fall without permanent injuries. – Source

5. There’s a proposal to build an underground park within an old station in New York, lit by daylight transported by fiber optic cables to allow trees and grass to grow – Source

6. The precursor to Monopoly was designed to illustrate how rents enrich property owners and impoverish tenants and that when children play the game, it would “provoke their natural suspicion of unfairness.” – Source

7. As a 2.5 year old girl, Michelle Funk fell into a creek in Salt Lake City and was submerged for 66 minutes. When rescuers arrived she didn’t have pulse and was not breathing. Three hours after that, her blood was warmed. When it reached 77 degrees Fahrenheit. she came back to life and is still living to this day. – Source

8. Samsung is also a full time weapons manufacturer. – Source

9. Studies have shown that women in poor countries with worse health tend to be attracted more to masculine looking men, while women in rich countries prefer more feminine looking men. – Source

10. Doctor Who was originally an educational show, with episodes set in the future to teach kids about science, and episodes set in the past to teach them history. – Source

11. Matt Damon and Mark Wahlberg look so alike that they came to the agreement they’d just go with it when the fans get them confused. – Source

12. When oxygen first developed on Earth, it wiped out nearly 99% of all life. – Source

13. About 15% of snails survive digestion by birds and are found alive in their droppings, potentially leading to the spread of snail populations. – Source

14. In USA, it is Possible for the Jury in a criminal trial to find the accused not-guilty despite being legally guilty as they believe the law to be unjust/wrong. This is known as Jury Nullification. – Source

15. License plates in the Canadian Northwest Territories are shaped like polar bears. – Source


16. Intel Corporation gets 100% of its electricity from renewable sources. – Source

17. Crows recognize human faces and hold grudges against ones they do not like. – Source

18. If Earth’s history were condensed into 24 hours, life would’ve appeared at around 4 a.m., land plants at 10:24 pm, dinosaur extinction at 11:41pm, and human history would’ve begun at 11:58:43pm. – Source

19. When Schwarzenegger turned down the planned sequel to Commando, it was reworked to star Bruce Willis and was retitled Die Hard. – Source

20. A homeless man held up and robbed a bank for $1, then sat down and waited for police to arrest him so he could receive healthcare in prison. – Source

21. Table Knives are rounded instead of pointed to prevent people from picking their teeth and from stabbing each other – Source

22. The German word Backpfeifengesicht means a face that cries out for a fist in it. – Source

23. MI6 once hacked an Al-Qaeda website and replaced instructions on how to make a bomb with a cupcake recipe. – Source

24. A bite from a common tick can cause a permanent anaphylactic meat and milk allergy in people. – Source

25. Honey badgers emits smelly, suffocating secretions from its an*l glands to fumigate hives, causing bees to flee and leave their honey for the honey badger – Source

What If We Detonated All Nuclear Bombs At Once?

What If We Detonated All Nuclear Bombs At Once?

What happens if make a huge pile from all 15,000 nuclear bombs and pull the trigger? And what happens if we make an even bigger pile?

Why Don’t We Have Functional Biofuel Yet?

Why Don’t We Have Functional Biofuel Yet?

Alternative fuels, like ethanol and algae, have been around for years, yet there have been obstacles hindering these biofuels' take over the market. Here's why.









Via Reddit/brooklynscholar

I’ll be honest, I don’t know what half these things are. I post galleries of hot chicks and puppies, so ya, this is way out of my league. What I do know though is that micro nature is a beautiful, and terrifying, thing.Let’s start with these butterfly scales.


Via Reddit/danhab99

White blood cell eating bacteria.


Via Reddit/UnderpitMole

Head lice clinging to human hair.


Via Reddit/DarthOswald

Here’s another view.


Via Reddit/SGTMajorFeels

A fly’s eye under a microscope.


Via Reddit/thehol

Didinium nasutum swallowing a paramecium whole.


Via Reddit/DarthOswald

Blood cells on a needle.


Via Reddit/DarthOswald

Bacteria imploding after the addition of penicillin. The control group is on the right.


Via Reddit/UnderpitMole

A pork tapeworm.


Via Reddit/TheBubbaJoe

The indestructible tardigrade, also known as water bears, or moss piglets.


Via Reddit/thehol

SEM micrographs of Naegleria fowleri, the brain-eating amoeba.


Mushroom gills drying out and collapsing.


Via Reddit/darzuo

Hydrothermal worm under an electron microscope.


Via Reddit/cant-feel_my-face

A nematode getting slowly eaten alive.


Via Reddit/GiorgioMD

A red blood cell squeezing out of a ruptured capillary.


Via Reddit/xxx_Trump_xxx

Programmed cell death.


Via Reddit/darzuo

A moth’s wing under a microscope.


Via Reddit/NmsRd

A salamander from a single cell.


Via Reddit/thehol

SEM image of a diving beetle larva.


Via Reddit/swhub

White blood cells attacking and destroying a parasite.






If The Sun Became A Black Hole, Would Earth Fall In?

If The Sun Became A Black Hole, Would Earth Fall In?

If our sun turned into a black hole, you might think our solar system would be doomed, but in reality that's just not how black holes work.

Why Do People With Schizophrenia See Things?

Why Do People With Schizophrenia See Things?

What is Schizophrenia, what are it's symptoms, how does one treat it? In today's educational video we're taking a look at this mental disorder called Schizophrenia.

Why Don't We Just Nuke Hurricanes?

Why Don't We Just Nuke Hurricanes?

Hurricanes are just made up of clouds and wind moving in a certain pattern…so could we use a nuclear weapon to disrupt that wind enough to stop them?

Why A Cat Always Lands On Its Feet

Why A Cat Always Lands On Its Feet

In 1894, a French scientist used a camera to solve a physics problem.  Étienne-Jules Marey was a French scientist and inventor who analyzed how things moved. He developed a way to photograph multiple stages of movement onto a single glass plate, a technique called chronophotography. Later, when Kodak introduced celluloid film, Marey swapped the glass plate for a roll of film that moved in between exposures. This technique formed the basis of cinematography, and it’s how he recorded the stages of a cat righting itself in midair. He published his findings in Nature and demonstrated how the cat splits its body in two and uses the inertia of its own body weight to spin around.

5 Things Science Should Have Explained Already

5 Things Science Should Have Explained Already

The facts should be simple, right? Dark5 presents 5 strange everyday things that are surprisingly complicated... and that science still hasn't explained.






Eye-Opening Twitter Thread About How Insane Our Brains Are Will Trip You Out

Eye-Opening Twitter Thread About How Insane Our Brains Are Will Trip You Out




Physics Professor Dismantles Flat Earthers In 6 Images

Physics Professor Dismantles Flat Earthers In 6 Images -


Would Dinosaurs Have Survived If Not For The Asteroid?

Would Dinosaurs Have Survived If Not For The Asteroid? -





One day 66 million years ago, life came to a sudden, apocalyptic halt when an asteroid impact violently closed the book on the age of dinosaurs. Birds are the only members of the dino family tree that survived the ordeal, and the open niches left behind gave them and our early mammal ancestors their time in the ecological spotlight.

But what if calamity hadn't befallen the dinosaurs? Would they still have gone out not with a bang, but a whimper?

Maybe not, according to a new study that says dinosaurs still had plenty of vim and vigor leading up to the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous period. Revealed using huge simulations that are new to paleontology, the finding marks the latest turn in a debate over whether dinosaurs were already in “terminal decline” by the time doomsday struck.

In addition, the study's cutting-edge approach could help us better look back at past environmental turmoil and learn in finer detail what we might expect from modern climate change.

“The results are very important—the whole story of decline and contradicting that—but it's also good that we've been devising and applying new methods. It's this multi-angled thing,” says paleontologist Alfio Alessandro Chiarenza, a Ph.D. student at Imperial College London who led the new study, published today in Nature Communications.

Fall of the dinosaurs

Watch the 1940 Disney movie Fantasia, and you'll get a look at how paleontologists once thought the dinosaurs died out. In the film, familiar species flourish in lush swampland but eventually succumb to a more hellish climate. That vision changed in the 1980s, when Walter and Luis Alvarez argued that dinosaurs didn't simply march across a desert to their deaths; instead, a combination of geologic and fossil evidence suggested that their reign ended with a cataclysmic asteroid strike.

Years later, scientists found the smoking gun: the remnants of the resulting crater off the coast of Mexico. Ever since, most paleontologists have agreed that the asteroid bears the bulk of the blame for the dinosaurs' demise. (But even that's up for debate: Two recent studies build on the case that volcanoes also helped kill the dinosaurs.)

That said, paleontologists debate what would have happened if the asteroid had never crashed into Earth. Getting hard numbers on this question is challenging because of the fossil record's fragmentary nature. Environmental conditions must be just right for an organism's body to end up buried and isolated long enough to form a fossil. As a result, telling life's history with fossils is like reconstructing the plot of an epic when all you have are tatters of the only surviving transcription. What if the pages fall apart, or the ink fades?

When tallying up the number of ancient species, paleontologists must therefore account for biases in the fossil record. And when you look at raw tallies, it looks like the number of dinosaur species declined in western North America in the last 17 million years of the Cretaceous. That suggests the dinosaurs were already in their twilight years when the asteroid struck.

But the time period closer to the mass extinction, what's called the Maastrichtian epoch, has not yielded enough fossils to show the finer details. Many studies have tried to account for this bias, and when they do, they find that dinosaur diversity in western North America holds steady or was even increasing until the last gasp. In this scenario, dinosaurs were doing fine—until they suddenly weren't.

This emerging consensus suffered a blow in 2016, when University of Reading biologist Manabu Sakamoto published a paper claiming that, tens of millions of years before the extinction, dinosaur species were dying out faster than new ones were emerging. According to this picture, based on a global family tree of dinosaurs, the heyday for some dinosaur groups had passed well before asteroid-induced armageddon.

Sakamoto's study isn't directly comparable to others, as it looks at longer timescales. Nevertheless, his work once again stoked the flames of debate.

Big bones, bigger data

To tackle big questions, it helps to have big databases, and for decades, paleontologists have been assembling huge public databases of fossil occurrences. Now, a new generation of computer-savvy paleontologists can slice and dice the ancient world like never before, gaining new insights on a global scale.

“We’re at an age of big data and data science now, right?” Sakamoto says. “If you want to make these grandiose kinds of studies and claims, you do need really big data to back it up, so the databases are vital.”

If you're picturing database-driven paleontology as a mix of Jurassic Park and The Matrix, you'd be sorely mistaken. It's tedious work carefully vetting and re-vetting databases that can house hundreds of thousands of entries.

“We spend years on this kind of stuff—it's day in and day out of failed models, failed runs, data cleaning, and if I see a misspelling of 'Maastrichtian' another time, I'll go crazy,” says paleontologist Emma Dunne, a Ph.D. student at the University of Birmingham who uses climate models to study dinosaurs' evolutionary origins. “But it's so worth it. It's super-exciting.”

Chiarenza's journey followed a similar path. He just wanted to study dinosaurs, but to answer his questions, he had to learn subjects ranging from Earth systems models to cutting-edge ecology.

For the new study, he first combined high-resolution models of ancient Earth's terrain with state-of-the-art climate models, the same kind that scientists use to understand human influence on today's climate. He and his colleagues then plotted where dinosaur fossils had been found across this ancient terrain, focusing on three groups: tyrannosaurs, ceratopsians such as Triceratops, and “duck-billed” hadrosaurs.


"If you want to make these grandiose kinds of studies and claims, you do need really big data to back it up."



The researchers trained algorithms on the massive dataset to associate a given group of dinosaurs with a type of topography and climate. With these habitat models in hand, Chiarenza's team could zoom out to all of North America and project which regions were theoretically suitable for dinosaurs. Their model shows that toward the end of the Cretaceous, much of North America would have still been dino-friendly.

At the same time, the researchers modeled where in this region dinosaur fossils were most likely able to form. They simulated the flow of sediments off the baby Rocky Mountains into a seaway that once covered parts of western North America. As the Cretaceous ended, this seaway shrank—and so did the volume of sediments needed to preserve fossils.

Based on their results, Chiarenza and his colleagues argue that the apparent dino decline in western North America isn't a result of evolution cutting dinosaurs from the story; instead, it's geology being a sloppy scribe.

What could have been

Though debate is sure to continue, Chiarenza's work falls in line with other studies that also fail to show a long-term dino decline. In 2018, a study led by Ph.D. student Klara Nordén found that based on their teeth, plant-eating dinosaurs of the late Cretaceous were as ecologically diverse as ever.

“It fits really nicely with what we already know from other lines of evidence,” she says.

And since Chiarenza's models simulate dinosaurs' response to climate, his work could let researchers tease out what exactly killed them; scientists could throw a simulated asteroid or mega-volcano at the model and see the effects on habitat. Chiarenza is currently working through this very question. Similarly, researchers could use the model to dive into other past instances of climate variation to see how habitats respond and what may be happening today with ongoing climate change.

“This kind of technique could be very valuable for [giving] a baseline for how we understand changes that we might be facing with anthropogenic global warming,” says Paul Barrett, a paleontologist at the Natural History Museum in London who was not involved in the study.

Steve Brusatte, a paleontologist at the University of Edinburgh, adds that the study very clearly implicates the asteroid as the reason the dinosaurs died out. But he also notes that the study hints at what could have been if not for the sudden catastrophe.

“The most touching part of the paper [is that] it’s really clear that there was still plenty of potential niches for the dinosaurs—but the dinosaurs just weren't there, because the asteroid killed them off,” he says. “You kind of get this sad sense of the dinosaurs that could have been.”

What Would It Take To Go 100% Solar?

What Would It Take To Go 100% Solar?

The real question is energy storage and batteries are the big one. An enormous capacity system like this would just about deplete the entire earths's supply of lithium. Even using stuff like pumped water storage has a ton of drawbacks and energy loss.

And then there's the maintenance... All of those panels need to be cleaned at least daily. All those wires need to be checked frequently. All those batteries need to be replaced as their capacity is reduced (depending on the standard they're held to. They could be replaced annually) etc etc etc...

Solar is amazing for private use, just slap some panels on the roof and a battery in the garage and boom you're energy independent, but I don't see the government ever stepping in and creating a huge system like this.

What do you think? Let everyone know in the comments.














It is possible to feel the same sensations you feel during sex when thinking about/eating certain foods.

Upper Paleolithic art dating back 30,000 years depicts people using dildos to pleasure themselves and others. That means mankind invented sex toys long before the wheel.

study showed that women who wear warm socks in bed have a higher chance of achieving an orgasm.

Many men who have undergone cardiac arrest have been linked to being unfaithful in marriage.

Humans are not the only ones interested in performing oral sex — wolves, bears and bats are also known to participate in the practice quite often.

The average sex session goes for 100 to 500 thrusts.

Female penguins engage in a form of prostitution. Researchers have repeatedly observed female penguins exchanging sexual favors with male penguins that aren’t their mates in exchange for pebbles they will use to build nests for their babies.

When people aren’t having sex in the bedroom, the car is the most popular spot for intercourse.

According to many researchers, your skin is the largest sex organ in your body, and your brain is the most powerful.

The globe average for times having sex per year is 103. Greece leads the world with an average of 164, and Brazil is second with 145.

In 2004, Lisa Sparxxx had sex with 919 men in 24 hours.

Nearly 70% of males refuse to have sex with someone who is on their period.

Vaginas are long, just like penises. The average length of a vagina is 3 to 4 inches long but can expand 200% when they experience arousal.

If you have a cold, try having sex with your SO to clear up your nostrils instead of packing on the medicine. The adrenaline that hits your body when you get off causes your sinuses to become crystal clear.

Dr. Kellogg, the man who created Kellogg’s Cornflakes, was serious about stopping kids from masturbating. He believed that a healthy diet suppressed sexual desire.

Every day, worldwide, there are approximately 100 million cases of intercourse going on.

Studies show that people who have sex four or more times per week earn more than those who do not.

In the U.S. approximately 70% of people have admitted to fantasizing about group sex, with 50% of those people actually doing it.

The most common cause of penile fracture comes from aggressive masturbation.

When having an orgasm, your brain temporarily shuts down the amygdala, the part of the brain that triggers fear and anxiety.

The word “clitoris” is Greek for “divine and goddess-like.”

According to Pornhub, the kinkiest states are Wyoming, Alaska, Vermont, West Virginia, and Oregon. California, surprisingly, is the least kinky.

In case you were wondering, there is enough sperm in one single man to impregnate every woman on the planet who is fertile.

Having sex at least once per week can lower a man’s risk of heart disease by 30%, stroke by 50%, and diabetes by 40%. It has also been shown that men with an active sex life are more likely to live past 80 years.

A study at the American Sociological Association found that the most enjoyable sex is the result of being in love with your partner.

One out of every ten European babies is conceived on an IKEA bed.

Only 25% of women can orgasm from penetration. Other women cannot climax from penetration alone and need other stimulation to get there. Some women (10%) cannot even orgasm at all.

Some women reported that after an orgasm, they experienced short-term memory loss.

When aroused, your pain threshold increases significantly.

10 Studies That Got Their Results Withheld Because Of Money

10 Studies That Got Their Results Withheld Because Of Money -



Governments and businesses often commission studies to determine the dangers of a new or existing product. Governments also fund studies before passing new laws. However, this becomes a problem when the results of the study differ from what the business or government expected.

When this happens, they might withhold the results and pretend it never happened. In rare instances, the results of a study conducted by a third party are altered to make it seem like a product is worse than it actually is. We don’t know for sure why this is done, but it is usually bad for the business involved. Either way, some suppressed studies have seen the light of day.

10 The European Union Withheld A Study That Revealed Piracy Does Not Hurt Sales

In 2013, the European Union wanted to introduce a new anti-piracy law that would have required Internet service providers to cross-check movies and books uploaded on their websites. To justify the proposed law, it funded a study to prove that piracy hurts the sales of music, books, games, and films.

The study revealed that piracy had no effect on the sales of games, books, and music. It actually helped the sales of video games because some players ended up buying the real game. This was definitely not what the EU was expecting, so it promptly withheld the results of the study.

However, the EU released the part of the study that revealed piracy of blockbuster movies led to fewer people visiting the cinema. The EU was forced to release the rest of the results after a parliamentarian, Julia Reda, requested for them.[1]

9 The Sugar Industry Withheld The Results Of A Study That Linked Sugar To Cancer

Several decades ago, the International Sugar Research Foundation (ISRF) was desperately trying to prove that sugar was good for humans. To this end, it went on to fund studies to support its position. In 1967, it commissioned a study to prove sugar does not cause heart disease.

While we know today that sugar can lead to heart disease, the skewed study argued that rats on a sugar diet had excess amounts of cholesterol because of gut microbes and not sugar. It also argued that sugar had different effects on humans than on rats.

The ISRF launched another study in 1968. This time, it wanted to prove that sugar was not bad for humans. Code-named Project 259, the study linked sugar to both heart disease and bladder cancer in humans. This was obviously bad for business, so the ISRF canceled the study and withheld the results.[2]

8 GlaxoSmithKline Withheld A Study Showing That One Of Its Drugs Causes Heart Attacks

In 1999, top pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) released a new diabetes drug called Avandia. Avandia quickly became a top earner for the multinational corporation and was bringing in $3 billion a year by 2006. This came to an end after the FDA revealed that Avandia had caused heart attacks in 83,000 patients since its release.

This revelation surprised everyone except GSK, which knew this since 2000, when a study it funded revealed the dangerous side effects of its drug. However, it withheld the results because Avandia was a cash cow. Instead, GSK launched research to create another drug to prevent Avandia from causing heart attacks.

In 2007, the FDA added a black box warning, the worst warning it can add, to Avandia’s label to warn of the possibility of the drug causing heart attacks. It also advised physicians against prescribing Avandia except as a last resort.[3]

7 Bayer Withheld A Study That Indicated Trasylol Causes Several Health Problems

Trasylol is used to prevent bleeding during heart surgery. It is made by pharmaceutical giant Bayer. In 2007, a study by Bayer revealed that Trasylol could cause a myriad of problems, including stroke, heart attacks, and kidney failure. Instead of pulling the drug, Bayer pulled the study.

Bayer later denied it was trying to hide the deadly side effects of Trasylol. It claimed it withheld the study because it had issues with the methods used to gather information. Bayer also argued that the findings were too early to be conclusive. This was even though the study was conducted on 67,000 patients.[4]

6 Public Health England Withheld A Study On Several Vaccines For Unclear Reasons

In 2018, it was revealed that Public Health England (PHE) was withholding the results of three studies concerning some vaccines. Considering that PHE is a government agency and not a for-profit business, its reasons for withholding the results of the studies remain unclear.

The study involved 640 children below the age of 16. With the permission of their parents, PHE tested new vaccines for meningococcal and whooping cough on the children. The study was dangerous to the children involved because it could actually leave them vulnerable to the diseases if the vaccines did not work.

PHE concluded the study in 2016 but refused to release the results. EU laws require that the results of drug and vaccine trials be released within a year of completion. Nobody knows why PHE is withholding the results.[5]

5 The EPA Withheld A Study That Showed Dioxins Can Concentrate In Meat

“Dioxin” is a catchall name for a number of man-made chemicals that are dangerous to humans and the environment. They are known to cause several health issues in humans, including cancer, birth defects, and liver disease. They can also destroy the body’s immune system.

Dioxins are by-products of the production of herbicides, pesticides, plastic, bleach, and several other chemicals. This means they will usually poison the soil and water supplies, where they survive for years before completely degrading.

Several studies by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revealed that dioxins can concentrate in meat and eggs. However, the EPA has refused to officially release the results of these studies because of the actions of big businesses like Mosanto and the Dow Chemical Company.

One long-supressed report is titled “Exposure and Human Health Reassessment of TCDD (Dioxin).” It was so controversial that President Bush reportedly ordered it withheld just before he left office. This action has been alleged as his way of saying “Thank you” to the chemical industry.[6]

4 Big Pharma Withheld Data That Showed Tranquilizers Are More Addictive Than Heroin

Tranquilizers are a group of anti-anxiety drugs manufactured by most major pharmaceuticals. Popular brand names include Xanax, Valium, Rohypnol, Benzotran, and a host of others.

They are major money-spinners for pharmaceutical companies. It’s little wonder that during the 1980s and 1990s, the pharmaceutical industry is said to have withheld data that indicated tranquilizers to be more addictive than heroin. Tens of thousands of people have become addicted to tranquilizers after they were prescribed to them by their physicians.

One user, Sue Bibby, first took Valium after her physician prescribed it to her when she was 14. She remained addicted to the drug for 23 years. Bibby forcefully took herself off Valium even after her physician warned her not to. The withdrawal symptoms were terrible. It was as if she just stopped taking hard drugs.

Tranquilizers are also known to cause deaths in users. In the UK, 1,810 tranquilizer users died between 1990 and 1996. During the same period, cocaine, heroin, and methadone killed 1,623 people. Nevertheless, physicians are still prescribing tranquilizers.[7]

3 Scientists Withheld Parts Of A Study That Showed Roundup Is Not Carcinogenic

Roundup, a common herbicide, has been getting a bad rap these days. Trouble began for its maker, Mosanto, after a former school groundskeeper sued over claims that the herbicide caused terminal cancer. The court declared Mosanto guilty and ordered it to pay $289 million in compensation.

Some 9,000 people sued Mosanto, claiming the herbicide had left them with series of ailments. All claims that Roundup causes cancer are based on an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) study that stated the herbicide was “probably carcinogenic to humans.” The International Agency for Research on Cancer is a part of the World Health Organization (WHO).

The study is controversial because Roundup has extremely low toxicity levels. As far as short-term exposure is concerned, it is less toxic than table salt, and its ability to cause health issues including cancer is negligible.

Investigations by Reuters in 2017 revealed that IARC researchers deleted a part of the study that showed glyphosate, the major ingredient in Roundup, does not cause cancer. The researchers also deleted a reference to study by the United States Environmental Protection Agency that indicated glyphosate did not cause cancer in mice.

Several other parts of the studies were also edited. One part that mentioned that Roundup did not cause cancer was rewritten to show that Roundup causes or could cause cancer. Some researchers also added some negative findings to the results at the time it was being reviewed by the IARC.

Reuters could not confirm who made the changes or why. Reuters contacted 16 researchers involved in the study, but they either did not respond or refused to talk. The IARC also told the researchers not to talk.[8]

2 Daiken Withheld A Study That Showed PFAS Is Harmful

Most of us are unfamiliar with per- and polyfluoroalkyl (PFAS), even though we often use them. PFAS is a group of carbon and fluorine chemicals used in making liquid repellents, including food packaging, clothes, and firefighting foam. In food packaging, PFAS is used to make bread, burger, sandwich, and popcorn wrappers, among others.

However, PFAS is deadly. Two categories of PFAS: perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), are known to cause life-threatening ailments including high cholesterol, thyroid disease, and several types of cancer.

PFAS can transfer from food packaging to the food stored inside. Considering that it is not easily biodegradable, it could contaminate soil and water long after disposal. Fortunately, PFOA and PFOS have been phased out.

Unfortunately, they have been replaced by a less dangerous PFAS that could still cause liver and kidney problems and cancer. However, food package manufacturers are hiding this from us. One of the top manufacturers is the Japan-based Daikin.

Investigations revealed that Daikin withheld results of a study into the effects of the less dangerous PFAS in series of reports submitted to the FDA. The reports indicate that the PFAS affects the livers and kidneys of mice. Its high fluoride content also caused the incisors of the mice to lose valuable minerals.[9]

1 GSK Withheld The Results Of Studies Showing That Paxil Makes Children Suicidal

Paxil is an antidepressant made by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK). While it was intended for adults, physicians sometimes prescribed it to children. This made GSK conduct four studies to understand the effects of the drug on children.

The studies revealed that Paxil did not effectively treat depression in children. If anything, it made children suicidal. This clearly wasn’t the sort of thing GSK wanted people to know. So it withheld the results of the studies.

Investigations revealed that GSK issued a memo in 1999 in an attempt to manage information about the studies and avoid damaging sales. In 2004, a spokeswoman denied the memo was issued to cover up the effects of Paxil in children. She added that GSK had also released the results of the studies. This came after the attorney general of New York sued the company.[10]


MIT's New Mini Cheetah Robot Can Perform Backflips

MIT's New Mini Cheetah Robot Can Perform Backflips

MIT'S new mini cheetah robot is the first four-legged robot to do a backflip. At only 20 pounds the limber quadruped can bend and swing its legs wide, enabling it to walk either right side up or upside down. The robot can also trot over uneven terrain about twice as fast as an average person's walking speed.

What Did The First Animal Look Like?

What Did The First Animal Look Like?

If you trace your way back along the tree of life, eventually you'd come face-to-face with the very first animal. But what exactly would that animal have looked like?



Ancient relics are not only a gateway to the past, but they may even hold the answers to some of the most exciting and outlandish legends that exist to this day. There are many people out there who are still looking for these answers; while some have never made it close, recently, there have been some findings that even modern science can’t decipher. Do these discoveries actually lie within the canals of human history, or beyond? You can decide as we reveal to you the 10 most mysterious artifacts.





Here’s How Scientists Are Close To Eliminating Pain

Here’s How Scientists Are Close To Eliminating Pain

How we might experience the unpleasantness of pain might come down to these 150 neurons in mouse brains.

Why Do Bees Buzz?

Why Do Bees Buzz?

To quote Griffin McElroy, "I think I just described... a plant orgasm."